Domain Name Dispute Resolution Service for Country Code Top Level Domains (ccTLDs)
Since the launch of the WIPO ccTLD Program in 2000, WIPO has provided advice to many ccTLDs with a view to establishing registration conditions and dispute resolution procedures that conform with international standards of intellectual property protection while taking into account the particular circumstances and needs of the individual ccTLD. Many of these ccTLDs have adopted a domain name dispute resolution policy.
The WIPO Center provides domain name dispute resolution services for the ccTLDs listed in the below table. For each included ccTLD a link is provided to a range of WIPO party resources relevant to case filing.
- Each ccTLD Registry is vested with authority to determine which, if any, alternative dispute resolution (ADR) procedures to adopt. A significant number of ccTLDs have adopted the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP). Many other ccTLDs have adopted tailored variations of the UDRP, and some have adopted a form of expedited arbitration.
- Where a ccTLD has adopted the UDRP, disputes in those ccTLDs may be combined in one single UDRP proceeding alongside domain names in generic top level domains (gTLDs) which are mandated by ICANN to adopt the UDRP.
- ccTLDs that have adopted the UDRP include .ag, .as, .bm, .bs, .bz, .cc, .cd, .co, .cy, .dj, .ec, .fj, .fm, .gd, .gq, .gt, .ki, .la, .lc, .md, .me, .ml, .mw, .nr, .nu, .pa, .pk, .pn, .pr, .pw, .ro, .sc, .sl, .so, .tj, .tk, .tt, .tv, .ug, .ve, .vg and .ws.
- The WIPO ccTLD Database contains links to the websites of 252 ccTLDs allowing to determine the availability of a registration agreement, the existence of a WhoIs service and the adoption of ADR procedures.
- The Trademark Database Portal facilitates access to online trademark databases of a number of national and regional intellectual property offices, allowing any person wishing to register a domain name to perform a prior trademark search.
- The WIPO ccTLD Best Practices for the Prevention and Resolution of Intellectual Property Disputes provide an overview of practices and policies for ccTLD operations designed to curb abusive and bad faith registration of protected names, and to resolve related disputes.