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Tajikistan

Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan

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Tajikistan

Year of current version:2003
Date of Text (Adopted):November 6, 1994
Type of Text:Constitution / Basic Law
Subject Matter:Other
Notes:
The Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan was adopted on November 6, 1994 and amended twice, in 1999 and 2003. The Constitution has the highest legal power, direct application (Article 10) and supremacy on the whole territory of Tajikistan. The Constitution proclaims the establishment of a democratic, legal, secular and unitary State (Article 1), where the State power is based on the principle of separation of powers (Article 9). As the fundamental law of the State, the Constitution defines the structure of the government, basic rights, liberties and responsibilities of its citizens, as well as the powers of the legislative, executive and judicial branches.
The bicameral Supreme Assembly (the parliament) adopts constitutional laws (Article 61), laws (Article 60) and resolutions (Articles 56-57); while the President adopts decrees and orders (Article 70) and the Cabinet of Ministers (the highest body of the executive branch) adopts resolutions and orders (Article 74).
The Constitution contains specific provisions regarding intellectual property rights in Article 40, where it proclaims the right of every person to freely take part in the cultural life of the society, artistic, scientific, and technical creativity and use their achievements. Moreover, it proclaims that the cultural and spiritual values, as well as intellectual property are protected by the State and law.
The Constitution also contains provisions which can be extended to intellectual property in Article 12, on various forms of ownership, where the State is obliged to guarantee the freedom of economic activity, entrepreneurship, equality of rights and the protection of all forms of ownership including private ownership.
Available Texts: 
English

Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan, Complete document (pdf) [64 KB] Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan, Complete document (htm) [113 KB] (Version with Automatic Translation Tool)

Russian

Конституция Республики Таджикистан Конституция Республики Таджикистан, Complete document (pdf) [242 KB]

Tajik

Конститутсияи (Сарқонуни) Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон Конститутсияи (Сарқонуни) Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон, Complete document (pdf) [193 KB]

Related Legislation:
WIPO Lex No.:TJ001

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