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IP Treaties Collection

Contracting Parties Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property United States of America

Dates Acceptance: September 2, 1983 Entry into force: December 2, 1983

Declarations, Reservations

Declaration made upon acceptance:
"United States reserves the right to determine whether or not to impose export controls over cultural property.
The United States understands the provisions of the Convention to be neither self-executing nor retroactive.
The United States understands Article 3 not to modify property interests in cultural property under the laws of the States parties.
The United States understands Article 7 (a) to apply to institutions whose acquisition policy is subject to national control under existing domestic legislation and not to require the enactment of new legislation to establish national control over other institutions.
The United States understands that Article 7(b) is without prejudice to other remedies, civil or penal, available under the laws of the States parties for the recovery of stolen cultural property to the rightful owner without payment of compensation.
The United States is further prepared to take the additional steps contemplated by Article 7(b) (ii) for the return of covered stolen cultural property without payment of compensation, except to the extent required by the Constitution of the United States, for those states parties that agree to do the same for the United States institutions.
The United States understands the words “as appropriate for each country” in Article 10 (a) as permitting each state party to determine the extent of regulation, if any, of antique dealers and declares that in the United States that determination would be made by the appropriate authorities of state and municipal governments.
The United States understands Article 13(d) as applying to objects removed from the country of origin after the entry into force of this Convention for the states concerned, and, as stated by the Chairman of the Special Committee of Governmental Experts that prepared the text, and reported in paragraph 28 of the Report of that Committee, the means of recovery of cultural property under sub paragraph (d) are the judicial actions referred to in sub paragraph (c) of Article 13, and that such actions are controlled by the law of the requested State, the requesting State having to submit necessary proofs."

Соединенные Штаты понимают формулировку “в зависимости от условий каждой страны” в статье 10 (a) как разрешающую каждому государству-участнику определять степень регулирования, если таковое имеется, деятельности антикваров, и заявляют, что в Соединенных Штатах это определение выносилось бы соответствующими органами государственной и муниципальной власти.
В понимании Соединенных Штатов, статья 13(d) применяется к ценностям, вывезенным из страны происхождения после вступления в силу настоящей Конвенции в заинтересованные государства и, как заявил председатель Специального комитета правительственных экспертов, подготовивших текст, и изложено в пункте 28 отчета Комитета, средства возвращения культурных ценностей в соответствии с подпунктом (d) представляют собой акты судебной власти, упомянутые в подпункте (c) статьи 13, и такие акты регулируются законодательством запрашиваемого государства, при этом запрашивающее государство должно представить необходимые доказательства".
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