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The Geography of Innovation: Local Hotspots and Global Innovation Networks
Economic Research Working Paper No. 57
Through successive industrial revolutions, the geography of innovation around the globe has changed radically, and with it the geography of wealth creation and prosperity. Since the Third Industrial Revolution, high incomes are increasingly metropolitan, leading to a renewal of inter-regional divergence within countries. These metropolitan areas are also hotbeds of innovation. At the same time, global networks for the production and delivery of goods and services have expanded greatly in recent decades. The globalization of production is mirrored in the globalization of innovation. This paper argues that the emerging geography of innovation can be characterised as a globalized hub-to-hub system, rather than a geography of overall spread of innovation. Although much attention has been given to explaining the rise and growth of innovation clusters, there is as yet no unified framework for the micro-foundations of the agglomeration and dispersion of innovation. In addition, there appear to be strong links between growing geographical inequality of innovation and prosperity, particularly within countries. This is particularly relevant in the context of declining overall research productivity, which could be driving growing geographical concentration. All in all, there is a rich agenda for continuing to investigate the relationship between the geography of innovation, economic development and income distribution.
Publication year: 2019
Environmental responsibility on the WIPO Campus
WIPO launched its Carbon Neutrality Project in 2009 and has been carbon neutral since 2014. This brochure highlights the Organization's commitment to climate action with examples of green innovation on the WIPO Campus.
Pat-INFORMED - A global gateway to patent information about medicines
The Patent Information Initiative for Medicines (Pat-INFORMED) is an initiative of WIPO, the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations (IFPMA) and 20 leading,innovative biopharmaceutical companies. The initiative is built upon the belief that the patent system stimulates innovation while making patent information available and accessible.
World Intellectual Property Report 2019 – The Geography of Innovation: Local Hotspots, Global Networks
Where exactly is innovation taking place? Relying on millions of patent and scientific publication records, the World Intellectual Property Report 2019 documents how the geography of innovation has evolved over the past few decades.
WIPO GREEN – Year in Review 2018
The WIPO GREEN Year in Review 2018 provides a snapshot of last year's activities and achievements. Some highlights include our regional matchmaking project in Southeast Asia, new green tech "deals," and the establishment of new strategic partnerships.
The Global Publishing Industry in 2017
This study provides an overview of the global publishing industry in 2017. Based on data from a survey by the International Publishers Association and WIPO with responses from 56 countries, the study reports on publishing revenue, the number of titles published and the number sold, and ranks the top global publishers.
Patent Landscape Report: Marine Genetic Resources
This landscape report examines the scientific and patent landscapes for marine genetic resources in the South East Asia (ASEAN region).
The Hague System for the International Registration of Industrial Designs
Main Features and Advantages
An overview of the Hague System explaining who can use it, how the registration process works and how it may benefit users.
WIPO Technology Trends 2019 - Artificial Intelligence
WIPO Technology Trends 2019: Artificial Intelligence documents how AI-powered technologies are rapidly entering global markets and brings together viewpoints from experts at the cutting edge of AI. It is a contribution that aims to provide decisionmakers in the public and private sectors with an improved knowledge base for discussions on the future of AI and the policy and regulatory framework for this fast-moving area.
Looking Good: An Introduction to Industrial Designs for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises
Attractive designs are a key factor in determining the success of products in the market. Industrial design rights protect the ornamental or aesthetic appearance of a product and help companies differentiate their products from those of their competitors and enhance their brand image. This publication explains what industrial designs are and introduces the main issues in industrial design protection, to help businesses make informed decisions about protecting them.