Francis Gurry led WIPO as Director General from October 1, 2008 to September 30, 2020.

The Global Innovation Index (GII) 2019 ranks and breaks down the innovation performance of 129 countries and economies around the world. 

The GII 2019 special theme analyzes the medical innovation landscape of the next decade, looking at how technological and non-technological medical innovation will transform the delivery of healthcare worldwide.

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Web story: Through real-life cases, find out how big data, AI, and other technologies are driving the innovation that's shaking up healthcare and making it more patient-focused.


Switzerland is the world’s most innovative country followed by Sweden, the United States of America (U.S.), the Netherlands and the United Kingdom (U.K.), according to the GII 2019.

Regional leaders include India, South Africa, Chile, Israel and Singapore, with China, Viet Nam and Rwanda topping their income groups.

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Top 10 innovative economies

Video: Find out which economies made the top 10 in the GII 2019

Key findings

Find out more about all of the key findings in the report PDF, key findings

Credit: Getty Images/Xu Bing

Innovation is blossoming despite economic slowdown

Credit: Getty Images/Matijaz Slanic

Innovation is changing to encompass rising economies

Credit: Getty Images/Maxger

An innovation “glass ceiling” persists, dividing economies

Credit: Getty Images/Maxger

Return on innovation investment can vary greatly

Credit: Getty Images/rendixalextian

Shifting from innovation quantity to quality is a priority

Credit: Getty Images/gremlin

Innovation clusters are mostly in the US, China and Germany

(Image credits left to right: Getty Images/Xu Bing/Matijaz Slanic/Maxger/Maxger/rendixalextian/gremlin)


Infographic PDF: Top five innovation economies globally, by region and by income group

Infographic: Top five innovation economies globally, by region and by income group

Infographic PDF: Global leaders in different dimensions of the GII 2019

Infographic: Global leaders in different dimensions of the GII 2019


Theme: Creating Healthy Lives — The Future of Medical Innovation

The GII 2019 looks at the medical innovation landscape, exploring the role and dynamics of medical innovation as it shapes the future of healthcare, and analyzing the potential influence this may have on economic growth.

Contributions on the special theme come from academia, business, and national experts and decision makers.

  • Theme Section: Creating Healthy Lives — The Future of Medical Innovation PDF, Theme Section: Creating Healthy Lives — The Future of Medical Innovation

Video: 10 health innovations to watch

Views on the GII

About the launch in India

The Government of India hosted the launch of the GII 2019. H.E. Piyush Goyal, India’s Minister for Commerce and Industry and Railways and WIPO Director General Francis Gurry presented the results along with a group of subject-area experts.

The official report launch followed a series of panel discussions on a range of related topics, including the evolution of the GII, India’s research and development scene, the changing geography of innovation and the future of healthcare delivery.

Video: India and the GII


Video: Overview of main points covered in the Global Innovation Index 2019

Video: Asia - The Future Hub of Innovation (panel discussion)

Video: Speakers discuss the importance of innovation (welcoming session)

Video: The future of healthcare (panel discussion)

Video: Speeches at the launch of the GII 2019

Video: Research and development in India (panel discussion)

About the Global Innovation Index

The Global Innovation Index is a leading reference for measuring an economy’s innovation performance. Moving into its 12th edition in 2019, the GII has evolved into a valuable benchmarking tool that can facilitate public-private dialogue and where policy-makers, business leaders, and other stakeholders can evaluate innovation progress on an annual basis.