Index of AI initiatives in IP offices

64 record(s) found.

Country / Territory InstitutionBusiness applicationDescription
AustraliaIP AustraliaPatent classification

IP Australia's Patent Auto Classification (PAC) tool aims to analyze the contents of a patent application in unstructured PDF documents and predict relevant technology groups enabling prioritization and allocation to appropriate patent examiner sections.

The tool uses internally developed software/machine learning technologies to build sophisticated hierarchy classification models to analyze the contents of each patent case in unstructured PDF documents. The predictive models have been trained using the IP Australia's specific patent data, and will be extended with larger patent datasets from USPTO and the European Patent Office (EPO).

In early 2018 a pilot of the tool was undergoing final review and testing before being released to production. The tool is intended to save staff time, streamline the tech sorting process and achieve comparable accuracy to the current manual process. The focus of the pilot was on the International Examination Search System (INTESS) in which international patent application cases are automatically allocated to the correct team's work tray for examination. Opportunities to extend PAC to distribute national applications in the Patents Administration Management System (PAMS) and to other patent classifications and search functions were under investigation.


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AustraliaIP AustraliaImage search (trademark, design, patent)

IP Australia uses Australian Trade Mark Search - Image Search (Live) - to search for existing trademark images based on a given image.

Australian Trade Mark Search uses the commercially available TrademarkVision Image Recognition software for image search functions.


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AustraliaIP AustraliaExamination (trademark, patent)

IP Australia's Smart Assessment Toolkit (under development in early 2018) is a collection of advanced models designed to support trade mark examination and predict objections.

The Smart Assessment Toolkit uses a combination of natural language processors and internally developed software trained by a dataset of historic adverse reports from 2008 to 2016 to detect similar existing trademarks. Once trained, it provides high ranking results to the user.


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AustraliaIP AustraliaHelpdesk services

IP Australia's Trade Mark Assist (Beta) is an interactive 24/7 tool designed to educate and assist unrepresented trade mark applicants (in particular Small and Medium Enterprises) through the initial stages of the application process.

Trade Mark Assist uses publicly available word association models for searching Goods and Services and classifications. The model is being trained by trade mark examiners on a regular basis, who are given a list of terms and rank result relevance.


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AustriaThe Austrian Patent OfficePatent prior art search

In early 2018 the Austrian Patent office was trialing several commercial providers for application of AI to pre-search of patents.

AustriaThe Austrian Patent OfficePatent classification

In early 2018 the Austrian Patent office was trialing several commercial providers for application of AI to pre-classification and classification of patents.

BrazilNational Institute of Industrial Property (INPI)Patent classification

In early 2018 INPI was undertaking an initiative to develop a neural network for internal automatic pre-classification of patent applications according to the International Patent Classification (IPC) and/or the Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) for subsequent distribution of the applications among its technical divisions. INPI was considering Math Lab as the most adequate tool for this initiative.

CanadaCanadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO)Patent prior art search

CIPO's Patent Branch uses commercially available semantic AI search engines (Questel, STN, Clarivate Analytics) to assist in conducting searches for prior art and citations. These tools rely on machine learning algorithms to better detect linkages between citations, applications, and the current state of the art.

Patent examiners also make use of Google's algorithms, specifically within their "Translate", "Patent", and "Scholar" tools for machine translation and access to full-text documents and claims forms from contributing international patent offices in real time with citation metrics and related scholarly publications.

For data manipulation CIPO uses the Vantage Point text-mining tool for discovering knowledge in search results from patent and literature databases while providing methods to refine, automate, import, etc. the raw data produced.

CanadaCanadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO)Helpdesk services

In early 2018 CIPO was exploring the use of the IBM Watson suite of tools to conduct engagement with clients through social media outreach and analytics.

CanadaCanadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO)Data analysis

CIPO's Economic Research and Strategic Analysis Unit uses AI to help them conduct semantic searches and to collect, scrub, and analyze large datasets.

In the context of ongoing economic research, CIPO planned in early 2018 to explore the feasibility of machine learning to answer IP policy and research questions.

CanadaCanadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO)Copyright registration

In early 2018 CIPO was exploring the viability of using blockchain to streamline its copyright registration process and attempt to encourage information sharing by rights holders.

ChileNational Institute of Industrial Property (INAPI)Image search (trademark, design, patent)

In early 2018, INAPI and the Engineering School of the University of Chile were developing an image search system based on an algorithm developed by the Engineering School.

The system was trained with the image database of INAPI and was under evaluation with the trademark examiners.

ChinaState Administration for Industry and Commerce (SAIC)Trademark classification (goods & services)

SAIC's Standard Goods System allocates goods into similar groups so as to establish the Goods Relation Dictionary. With this dictionary, the system automatically allocates newly-supplied goods into the respective similar group. For goods supplied for the first time, a mother good would be designated.

ChinaState Administration for Industry and Commerce (SAIC)Data analysis

SAIC uses an Automatic Administrative Region Matching System to fix an administrative region so as to provide data support for future regional statistical analyses.

ChinaState Administration for Industry and Commerce (SAIC)Image search (trademark, design, patent)

In early 2018 SAIC was developing an image search system providing relatively accurate and reliable results. This system can search backwards to give figurative elements and results would be input into the system after examiners' confirmation. In this way, the system can achieve self-innovation and self-learning and search efficiency would be improved.

European UnionEuropean Patent Office (EPO)Patent prior art search

The EPO has been active in developing business solutions using machine learning and AI for patent searches at various degrees of implementation: Automatic Search of prior art for incoming patent applications; and Automatic generation of queries.

The EPO has generated its own reference data (gold standards) and system for measuring the performance of automated search tools.

The EPO also makes use of commercial products in the automatic annotation area through software providers in different projects.


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European UnionEuropean Patent Office (EPO)Data analysis

Through its DataScience team, the EPO is mainly developing its own AI systems based on open source software libraries that are fit for purpose. The EPO combines its DataScience team`s expertise with business understanding through its examiners and collection of data; i.e. historical saved search data and the EPO prior art corpus.

The EPO has been active in identiying migration/penetration trends of specific technologies (Computer Implemented Invention) in other technology sectors.


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European UnionEuropean Patent Office (EPO)Machine translation

The EPO uses Patent Translate in the area of machine translation but is also developing its own machine learned translation. The Patent Translate tool is made available to the public in EPO patent databases.and used by specially trained patent examiners at the Swedish Patent and Registration Office and UKIPO.


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European UnionEuropean Patent Office (EPO)Examination (trademark, patent)

The EPO has been active in developing business solutions using Machine Learning and AI to manage patent files at various degrees of implementation: Automatic annotation of patent literature; Automatic detection of problem/solution in patent document; Automatic detection of exclusion from patentability;

The EPO has developed a Patent Document Model (PDM) and its implementation in the Knowledge and Information Management Environment (KIME). Together they enable an enrichment oriented management of patent and other data for machine learning purposes.


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European UnionEuropean Patent Office (EPO)Image search (trademark, design, patent)

The EPO has been active in developing business solutions using machine learning and AI for patent searches at various degrees of implementation including automatic figure and image search for patent drawings.


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European UnionEuropean Patent Office (EPO)Patent classification

The EPO has developed business solutions using machine learning and AI for patent classification at various degrees of implementation: Automatic pre-classification of incoming patent applications for allocation to corresponding units in charge of search and examination; Automatic Classification of patent documents according to Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) scheme; Automatic re-classification of patent documents according to changes in CPC scheme.


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European UnionEuropean Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO)Machine translation

EUIPO uses a commercial multilingual natural language tool called Babelscape for internal examiners.

European UnionEuropean Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO)Image search (trademark, design, patent)

The EUIPO developed an image search system that is integrated in its trademark database called TMVision. The system is used by internal examiners and made available to the public via the EUIPO's website.

FinlandFinnish Patent and Registration Office (PRH)Patent prior art search

In early 2018, PRH was testing an AI solution called Teqmine by Teqmine Analytics Oy for patent classification and prior art search. PRH's near-term aim was to compare the system to existing commercial systems (such as Innovation Q Plus) for finding documents that are similar to a given sample text.

The system finds publications that are similar to the application being analyzed by using the vocabulary and bigrams of the application. The input to the system is the text (description, claims, and abstract) of the application. Based on the frequency of the words and bigrams extracted from this input file, the system determines the activity levels of a number of topics, and determines a number of similar publications where these topics are active at similar levels. These topics were generated when the system was trained on the whole patent corpus (WO, US, and EP patent publications from the past few decades). The system runs on PRH's own server, and the server can only be accessed from within the PRH network. Therefore, the system can also be used for non-public applications. The system processes a patent application in less than two seconds.

The publications in the output file are usually broadly related to the topic of the application. Often at least a portion of the most common patent classes of the publications are related to the application in a meaningful way. However, sometimes the publications are not related to the application or invention, especially when the application uses very common words to describe the invention. The system thus cannot be relied upon to find the relevant prior art, but it may in some cases point towards a useful direction. Currently, the system does not significantly speed up the prior art search.

FinlandFinnish Patent and Registration Office (PRH)Patent classification

In early 2018, PRH was testing an AI solution called Teqmine by Teqmine Analytics Oy for patent classification and prior art search. PRH's near-term aim was to compare the system to existing commercial systems (such as Innovation Q Plus) for finding documents that are similar to a given sample text.

The system finds publications that are similar to the application being analyzed by using the vocabulary and bigrams of the application. The input to the system is the text (description, claims, and abstract) of the application. Based on the frequency of the words and bigrams extracted from this input file, the system determines the activity levels of a number of topics, and determines a number of similar publications where these topics are active at similar levels. These topics were generated when the system was trained on the whole patent corpus (WO, US, and EP patent publications from the past few decades). The system runs on PRH's own server, and the server can only be accessed from within the PRH network. Therefore, the system can also be used for non-public applications. The system processes a patent application in less than two seconds.

The publications in the output file are usually broadly related to the topic of the application. Often at least a portion of the most common patent classes of the publications are related to the application in a meaningful way. However, sometimes the publications are not related to the application or invention, especially when the application uses very common words to describe the invention.

GermanyGerman Patent and Trade Mark Office (DPMA)Patent classification

In 2011 a tool for automated International Patent Classification (IPC) was introduced at the DPMA as part of the Electronic Patent and Utility Model Management System (DPMApatente/gebrauchsmuster). This classifier, based on heuristic algorithms, provides a preliminary assignment of an IPC class to incoming patent applications and thus helps to route them to the appropriate patent examiners. The main disadvantage of this black-box tool is that it is not flexible, cannot be parameterized and is not suitable to cover diverse use cases at the DPMA.

Therefore, a new automated patent classification tool was developed as part of the new Patent Search System. After evaluation of different technologies a methodology based on neural networks with "distributed word representations" was chosen. As a first step an automated categorization at IPC sub class level was analyzed with the quality measures "Top Prediction" and "Three Guesses". Experiments with different training sets consisting of selected publications of German patent applications, granted patents and utility models from 2010 - 2015 were carried out.

The classifier implementation includes a pipeline mechanism with data preparation, training and evaluation. At each step parameters can be configured and partial results can be viewed thus providing flexibility and transparency of the whole classification process. The classifier can scale up regarding the IPC classification space and shows an acceptable performance of the training process. It is very fast at online classification of unknown texts.

The range of possible applications for the new classifier at the DPMA includes: Automated pre-classification of incoming patent applications (to improve the distribution of patent applications among the patent examiners); Interactive classification (to assist patent examiners by providing several predictions at a given IPC level); Re-classification (to support the introduction of new versions of the IPC); Continuous quality improvement of IPCs of prior art patent documents. A web-service built upon the classifier will provide on-the-fly IPC prediction for a given patent document part like the abstract, claims or description.

GermanyGerman Patent and Trade Mark Office (DPMA)Patent prior art search

In 2016 the DPMA initiated a project for the implementation of a central service for the prior art search in various data sources of the DPMA (e.g. electronic file, specialist databases, etc.). The central service uses algorithms to improve textual similarity search.

GermanyGerman Patent and Trade Mark Office (DPMA)Digitization and process automation

Many trademark applications are classified fully automatically at the DPMA.

JapanJapan Patent OfficeTrademark classification (goods & services)

In early 2018 the JPO was validating its systems to verify possible uses for AI to assign trademark classifications of designated goods and services. Using reference materials, such as the Examination Guidelines for Similar Goods and Services (which include many examples of specific goods and/or services and their appropriate similar-group codes), the JPO was testing functions to (1) assign tentative similar-group codes to unclear designated goods and services in trademark applications; and (2) check whether or not the fundamentals of applicants' designated goods and/or services are changed after amendments have been made to their trademark applications.


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JapanJapan Patent OfficePatent prior art search

In early 2018 the JPO was validating its systems to verify possible uses for AI to support the formulation of search terms and queries when conducting prior art searches. Using text data of examined patent documents and the retrieval history of search queries used in the examinations, the JPO was validating a function to suggest keywords and patent classifications that should be included in search queries.


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JapanJapan Patent OfficeImage search (trademark, design, patent)

In early 2018 the JPO was validating its systems to verify possible uses for AI to conduct prior searches of figurative trademarks. Using past results in prior searches of figurative trademarks, the JPO was validating functions to (1) retrieve prior figurative trademarks by inputting image data of claimed figurative trademarks, which might be identical with, or similar to, the claimed trademarks; and (2) eliminate noise in search results based on the International Classification of the Figurative Elements of Marks or the Vienna Classification (so as to eliminate trademarks that are clearly dissimilar to claimed trademarks).


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JapanJapan Patent OfficeHelpdesk services

In fiscal year 2016, the JPO conducted tests to validate the possibility of using AI to respond to questions from users (by phone, e-mail etc.). Using past records of responses and various manuals, the JPO validated (1) a support function for responding to questions (AI-based systems suggesting possible answers to the JPO staff responsible for responding to questions from users); and (2) an automatic answering function (AI-based systems to answer questions submitted by e-mails, chat messages, or verbal messages).

The tests were limited to responding to questions from only certain business operations. The AI-based system achieved a top-5 accuracy rate of 80% (ie. the rate at which the correct answer is among the 5 most likely answers suggested by the system).


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JapanJapan Patent OfficeDigitization and process automation

In early 2018 the JPO was validating it systems to verify the possible uses of AI to digitize filing procedures. The JPO was testing the conversion of image data of past paper filings into text data by using an AI-based character recognition funtion (which includes converting handwritten documents into text data).


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JapanJapan Patent OfficePatent classification

In early 2018 the JPO was validating its systems to verify possible uses for AI to assign patent classifications. Using text data of already filed documents to which patent classifications were assigned, the JPO was verifying a function to make suggestions for patent classifications (F-terms) and grounds for assigning these classifications.


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MoroccoMoroccan Industrial and Commercial Property Office (OMPIC)Patent prior art search

Since 2011, OMPIC uses Orbite Intelligence, a commercially available AI-powered patent analytics tool to searche global patent applications by technical domain or keywords. The map-based tool was introduced to meet the needs of the Moroccan Technology and Innovation Support Center network for searching the state of the art and the precedence of patents.

MoroccoMoroccan Industrial and Commercial Property Office (OMPIC)Data analysis

OMPIC uses its Qlikview system to manage big data from its various databases, irrespective of where it is stored, and create a statistical database for reporting and quality control. The solution generates information on the fly, compresses data and stores it thereby ensuring its availability for immediate searching by multiple users without being limited by predefined paths in the hierarchy or preconfigured dashboards. This solution responds well to the needs of OMPIC and its clients. Reliable and easy to use, it has automated the creation of different dashboards presented in graphical or tabular form. The tool is used to generate a statistical barometer for industrial property for the general public and is available at www.barometreompic.ma.

MoroccoMoroccan Industrial and Commercial Property Office (OMPIC)Digitization and process automation

OMPIC employs an AI-assisted Optical Character Recognition (OCR) technology by ABBYY to convert images of documents into machine-encoded text. The technology obtains information from PDF files and introduces them into OMPIC databases following a well-defined structure (template). Check rules are then applied to ensure accuracy and incorrect data are passed for video-coding. OCR technology reduces processing delays in extracting data managed by OMPIC and reduces the cost of manual entries of more than 1 million documents. The positive experience also extended to the processing of patent documents.

NorwayNorwegian Industrial Property Office (NIPO)Image search (trademark, design, patent)

NIPO uses a commercially available tool (Acsepto for trademark version 10, by Sword-Group) for trademark image search. The search results (hit list) are prioritized based on AI-assisted search on image property coding The AI technology used is commercially available trained algorithms for coding and trained search algorithms for coding of images.

PhilippinesIntellectual Property Office of the Philippines (IPOPHL)Digitization and process automation

IPOPHL uses COGNOS, a commercially available Business Intelligence Software, to support the management reporting requirements of the Office. In using this system, IPOPHL undertakes an ETL (extract-transfer-and load) process from the IPAS database into COGNOS readable packages.

PhilippinesIntellectual Property Office of the Philippines (IPOPHL)Patent prior art search

IPOPHL uses a third-party search engine called DTSearch for its patent search operations. Similar to all other search engines, the system has the capability to perform incremental index, fuzzy search, and other functions. Although the said system is a low-end of AI, it is more powerful than the traditional database search.

Republic of KoreaKorean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO)Machine translation

KIPO established a database using Patent Publication Data on the IPC Section H for machine learning. The database will be compiled with 100,000 terminological entries of patent technology and one million pieces of patent language analysis and drawing tagging information.


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Republic of KoreaKorean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO)Patent prior art search

In April 2017, KIPO established an AI agreement with the Korean Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI). Together they are working to build a patent knowledge base for AI learning and cooperate on research for applying their developed AI system in IP administration.

A pilot model for intelligent patent search is under development with plans to be finalized by 2019. This model enhances the quality of prior art search by moving away from keyword search to a search system based on syntax and semantics.


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Republic of KoreaKorean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO)Helpdesk services

In early 2018 KIPO planned to develop and refine a pilot model of an AI patent customer service system based on text and voice recognition over the next three years.


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Russian FederationFederal Institute of Industrial Property (FIPS)Examination (trademark, patent)

FIPS conducts research on application of AI. Within the first half of 2018, they will obtain the first results of using artificial neural networks and methods of deep learning to increase the efficiency of similarity search for examination of inventions and utility models. Search quality criteria that consider the peculiarities of searching tasks for examination of inventions as developed by FIPS are used in the research.


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Russian FederationFederal Institute of Industrial Property (FIPS)Patent prior art search

The Federal Institute of Industrial Property (FIPS) conducts research on the application of AI methods in the IP field. It was expecting to obtain in the first half of 2018 the first results of using artificial neural networks and methods of deep learning for increasing the efficiency of similarity search at examination of inventions and utility models.

FIPS was studying the possibility of significantly improving "similar" documents search based on neural network technologies. It also planned to use supervised-learning convolutional neural network algorithm for search of similar patents. Search quality criteria that consider peculiarities of searching tasks for inventions examination developed by FIPS are used in the mentioned researches.


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SerbiaIntellectual Property Office of the Republic of SerbiaDigitization and process automation

IPO-RS uses WIPO Patent OCR Proofreading Platform. The WIPO OCR platform has potential capabilities to use machine learning for improved OCR proofreading. Due to limited local language resources in ABBY OCR (inadequate dictionary and grammar rules), machine training still adds minor value to OCR proofreading quality. The major problem which degrades OCR correctness in their experience was the presence of multiple scripts used in documents (Serbian Cyrillic, Serbian Latin, English, Chemical and Mathematical formulas).

In early 2018, IPO-RS was planning to take advantage of machine learning during manual OCR proofreading (provided by WIPO), in order to enhance dictionaries and design specific processing rules for patent documents in the Serbian language.

SerbiaIntellectual Property Office of the Republic of SerbiaMachine translation

In the scope of EPO Patent machine translation project, IPO-RS provided corpora of full-text patent specification document pairs (Serbian/English) for specific machine translation learning purposes. In early 2018, the specific machine translation tool for Serbian language in the Espacenet database had not produced satisfactory results.

SingaporeIntellectual Property Office of Singapore (IPOS)Examination (trademark, patent)

IPOS has partnered with A*STAR, a local Research Institution to implement Trade Marks Distinctiveness Checker (projected completion date is mid-2019). The system uses machine learning to automatically measure the distinctiveness of a given word mark and also to suggest evidence for the measurement. This helps officers speed up the examination step of distinctiveness and thus reduces turnaround time.

IPO also plans to implement a Trademarks Outcome Simulator (including Trademarks Image Search + Class Recommendation Tool + Distinctiveness Checker) by end 2019. The Simulator provides savings of about 5,000 examiner man hours annually at current rate of filing and would increase proportionately with filing rates.

In early 2018 IPOS was exploring the feasibility of implementing a patents auto checker that uses Natural Language Processing (NLP) and other machine learning technologies to perform formalities check automatically.

SingaporeIntellectual Property Office of Singapore (IPOS)Image search (trademark, design, patent)

IPOS completed a proof of concept for a system allowing customers and examiners to search for trademarks by providing a search image versus the traditional keyword search. The system uses AI to enhance processes such as: (a) recognizing non-abstract elements which enables the finding of conceptually similar yet visually dissimilar marks, (b) finding conceptually similar words and devices from words of different languages, (c) assisting in mark segmentation such that individual elements within a composite mark could also be searched for. IPOS was evaluating options with a view to implementation of the system in 2018.

In early 2018 IPOS was exploring the feasibility of implementing an Image Search for Designs that would allow customers and examiners to search a series of images by providing a search image.

SingaporeIntellectual Property Office of Singapore (IPOS)Patent classification

In early 2018 IPOS was exploring the feasibility of implementing a patents auto classification tool that uses Natural Language Processing to understand patent documents and automatically sort them in the relevant specialization, saving the effort of the Patent admin team.

SingaporeIntellectual Property Office of Singapore (IPOS)Helpdesk services

The automatic measurement of Marks Distinctiveness Checker (projected completion date in mid-2019) can be used by applicants in order to reduce rejection rate due to undistinctive word marks.

IPO also plans to implement a Trademarks Outcome Simulator (including Trademarks Image Search + Class Recommendation Tool + Distinctiveness Checker) by end 2019.

SingaporeIntellectual Property Office of Singapore (IPOS)Trademark classification (goods & services)

IPOS partnered with A*STAR, a local Research Institution to implement a Trade Marks Class Recommendation Tool (projected completion date is mid-2019). The tool uses Natural Language Processing to automatically recommend relevant classes for a trade mark application, helping applicants choose correct classes and thus reducing the rejection rate due to incorrect class selection. This help saves applicants costs and decreases turnaround time by reducing resubmissions. The tool also automatically selects the registered text descriptions that are most similar to each text description in a trade mark application. This helps officers speed up the examination step of similarity to other trademarks and thus reduce turnaround time.

SwedenSwedish Patent and Registration Office (PRV)Machine translation

Patent examiners at PRV use the machine translation services provided by the European Patent Office in EpoQueNet and Espacenet.

SwitzerlandSwiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property (IPI)Digitization and process automation

The IPI uses classical rule based AI (Bosch SI Visual Rules and Camunda BPM) for process automation (eg. applications for rulings / decisions with fees or deadlines). According to IPI, rule based process automatism has the highest potential in reduction of repetitive administrative work. Basically, all decisions triggered by fees or deadlines, including document creation, are possibly automatized and the automatism works reliable. The IPI has central real time monitoring and strictly uses Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN) processes for automatism.

In early 2018 the IPI was about to launch self-learning AI for document classification using ABBYY Smart Classifier. The IPI continuously trains the self-learning AI with manually classified documents. The IPI automatically analyses the quality of results from the self-learning AI and then decides if manual confirmation is needed. The manual confirmation is then used to enhance the training set for the AI.

In early 2018 the IPI had plans to launch self-learning AI for information extraction using ABBY InfoExtractor for advanced corporate search.


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United KingdomIntellectual Property Office (UKIPO)Machine translation

UKIPO patent examiners are trained to use the European Patent Office's Patent Translate tool, and may use publicly available machine translation tools where appropriate.


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United KingdomIntellectual Property Office (UKIPO)Patent prior art search

The UKIPO trialed Derwent Innovation, a commercially available patent search tool. The tool comprises a semantic/smart search functionality that allows large amounts of plain text (e.g. claims, description) to be used as a search input. The search tool also has the ability to search non-patent literature alongside patent documents. Further features include the ability to manually set weightings of individual search terms in order to rank results in an answer set.


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United KingdomIntellectual Property Office (UKIPO)Patent classification

In early 2018, the UKIPO had conducted small-scale trials of commercially available automated tools, both for allocating patent applications to examining groups based on areas of expertise, and for applying classifications to applications. The existing tools could not match the 80 per cent manual success rate achieved by human allocators, but could be used to aid the allocators by suggesting possible destinations for the application which alone might speed up the allocation process.


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United States of AmericaUnited States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)Examination (trademark, patent)

The USPTO has a program combining AI with big data and machine learning for application in several fields including: the provision of the most useful and relevant information to determine patentability by an examiner; textual analysis of patent applications and subsequent office actions to analyze the entire patent prosecution history; and improving the application programming interfaces to provide better access to the public to USPTO data.

The program is developed n-house using open source technology (Java and Python) customized by the USPTO per application per system.

The USPTO's AI program includes improvements for Trademarks Operations in the following areas: 1) developing a quality review smart form with analytics; 2) ingesting office actions on the big data reservoir with advanced analytics including usage and descriptive statistics; and 3) determining the efficacy of deep machine learning for image searching for Trademarks.


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United States of AmericaUnited States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)Patent prior art search

In early 2018 the USPTO was delivering a proof of concept, Sigma, using machine learning/AI algorithms to search whole documents against a corpus of documents. For this version of Sigma, patent applications were searched against granted patents and pre-grant publications (US only).


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United States of AmericaUnited States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)Patent classification

In early 2018 the USPTO was researching deep machine learning Quality Chat Bots to provide ready access to "concept questioning" (instead of keyword) to the USPTO Manual Patent of Examination of Procedures (MPEP) and other claim analytics and classification analytics using algorithms and claim language to better understand trending of claim language and classification.


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UruguayNational Directorate of Industrial PropertyHelpdesk services

The National Directorate uses a notifications system that it developed in-house and that is connected with its online filing system. In early 2018, the National Directorate was developing a more sophisticated algorithm for notifications with the intention of identifying when a particular user was no longer using the system or had not used it for a while. In such cases, the algorythm would trigger additional notifications.

The algorythm would send emails, test notifications, feedback polls and requests for updating of personal information to ensure frequent communication with users and catching of data changes before deadlines.

WorldWorld Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)Machine translation

WIPO Translate is a world-leading instant translation tool, specially designed for patent documents. It's available through the PATENTSCOPE database and can also be integrated within IPO systems upon request.


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WorldWorld Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)Image search (trademark, design, patent)

Image search within the Global Brand Database allows trademark owners to identify visually-similar trademarks, as well as other brand-information records from among the millions of images in the collection.


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WorldWorld Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)Patent classification

IPCCAT helps patent filers and examiners in IPOs to automatically categorize patent applications into technical units according to their International Patent Classification (IPC) class, subclass or main group.


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