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WIPO/PUB/121/2021/3

WIPO Magazine, Issue 3/2021 (September)

The WIPO Magazine explores intellectual property, creativity and innovation in action across the world.

Publication year: 2021

WIPO/PUB/2000/2022/EXEC

Global Innovation Index 2022, 15th Edition

Executive Summary

The Global Innovation Index 2022 (GII) tracks global innovation trends against the background of an ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, slowing productivity growth and other evolving challenges. The GII reveals the most innovative economies in the world, ranking the innovation performance of 132 economies, highlighting their innovation strengths and weaknesses, and pinpointing any gaps in their innovation metrics. This 2022 edition of the GII focuses on the effect of innovation on productivity and wellbeing of society over the coming decades.

Publication year: 2022

WIPO/PUB/GIH/BRAZIL

Global Innovation Hotspots: A case study of São Paulo's innovation ecosystem local capabilities and global networks

WIPO Development Studies

This report presents an in-depth study of the innovation ecosystem of São Paulo (Brazil). We use georeferenced patent, scientific publication, and economic data to characterize one of the few global innovation hotspots in Latin America and the southern hemisphere. It attempts to understand what makes São Paulo different from the rest of Brazil and the Latin American region by mapping what its main potentialities and drawbacks are. The report finds that São Paulo is rich in scientific activity, but lags behind with respect to patent production. At the same time, it is a patent leader in Brazil and the region with characteristics resembling the large innovation hotspots of the world. The report also shows where São Paulo is in the global knowledge space, and how it can leverage scientific production and global networks to upgrade into more complex technological activities. The report also reviews the main innovation policies at national and subnational level, which may partially explain the São Paulo's success story.

Publication year: 2022

WIPO/PUB/GIH/SHENZHEN

Global Innovation Hotspots: Innovation ecosystems and catching-up in developing countries: Evidence from Shenzhen

WIPO Development Studies

During the past 40 years, Shenzhen has risen from a fishing village into a globally leading innovation hotspot. What drives such remarkable growth? Is there a “Shenzhen model” for technological catch-up that is different from the classical “Silicon Valley model”? What kind of policy lessons can Shenzhen offer to developing countries and lag-behind regions? Based on international patent and scientific publication data, this report classifies Shenzhen's technological trajectory and catch-up process into three stages: 1) accessing advanced technology by participating in the Global Production Networks (GPNs) and Global Value Chains (GVCs), 2) accumulating technological knowledge and enhancing absorptive capability through imitation and 3) achieving indigenous innovation. We interpret this remarkable catch-up process from the perspective of 1) technological specialization, 2) the local innovation ecosystem and 3) its embeddedness into the Global Innovation Networks (GINs). The last part summarizes Shenzhen's policy lessons in fostering innovation-based economic growth in developing countries and areas.

Publication year: 2022

WIPO/PUB/GIH/SINGAPORE

Global Innovation Hotspots: Singapore's innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem

WIPO Development Studies

Since its political independence in 1965, Singapore has achieved rapid economic growth and transformed itself into a major global financial, business and transport/information technology (IT) hub, with GDP per capita ranking among the highest in the world since the beginning of this decade. While the first three decades of Singapore's rapid economic growth have been based largely on a strategy to attract and leverage global multinational corporations (MNCs) to create increasingly higher value-adding economic activities, the last 25 years have witnessed an increasing shift toward promoting technological innovation and entrepreneurship, and the building of a vibrant innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem that supports several major clusters of innovation, including medtech, smart urban mobility/infrastructure and internet/mobile e-commerce. More recently, the city-state has also been seeking to accelerate the commercialization of a wider range of deep technologies from universities and public research labs, including artificial intelligence (AI), advanced materials and fintech.

Publication year: 2022

WIPO/PUB/2000/2022

Global Innovation Index 2022, 15th Edition

What is the future of innovation driven growth?

The Global Innovation Index 2022 (GII) tracks global innovation trends against the background of an ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, slowing productivity growth and other evolving challenges. The GII reveals the most innovative economies in the world, ranking the innovation performance of 132 economies, highlighting their innovation strengths and weaknesses, and pinpointing any gaps in their innovation metrics. This 2022 edition of the GII focuses on the effect of innovation on productivity and wellbeing of society over the coming decades.

Publication year: 2022

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/78

Access to science and innovation in the developing world

Economic Research Working Paper No.78

We examine the implications of lowering barriers to online access to scientific publications for science and innovation in developing countries. We investigate whether and how free or low-cost access to scientific publications through the UN-led Research For Life (R4L) initiative leads to more scientific publications and clinical trials of authors affiliated with research institutions in developing countries. We find that free or reduced-fee access to the health science literature through Hinari (WHO-led subprogramme) increases the scientific publication output and clinical trials output of institutions in developing countries. In contrast, once we control for selection bias, we do not find empirical support for a positive Hinari effect on knowledge spillovers and local institutions' research input into global patenting, as measured by paper citations in patent documents. Main findings can be generalized to other R4L subprogrammes and are likely to also apply to the WIPO-led Access to Research for Development and Innovation (ARDI) programme.

Publication year: 2024

WIPO/PUB/RN2024/12

WIPO Strategy on Standard Essential Patents 2024-2026

This document sets out a three-year strategic plan for WIPO in the field of standard essential patents (SEPs). The strategy, based on the guiding principles of neutrality, complementarity and voluntary nature, gives an account of WIPO's current activities and sets forth the four pillars of WIPO's upcoming work to serve as a global platform for discussion, enhance transparency, be a hub of knowledge and data, and provide meaningful services in the SEP area.

Publication year: 2024

WIPO/PUB/RN2024/23

WIPO International Patent Drafting Training Program

A comprehensive training program that improves the knowledge and skills required for successful patent applications.

Publication year: 2024

WIPO/WORKFORCE/2023/DEC

WIPO Workforce 2023

December Edition

WIPO's workforce is the human capital of the Organization and its greatest asset. This brochure shows a detailed picture of staffing at WIPO in 2023.

Publication year: 2023