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WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/29

Economic growth and breakthrough innovations: A case study of nanotechnology

Economic Research Working Paper No. 29

This paper examines the role of intellectual property and other innovation incentives in the development of one field of breakthrough innovation: nanotechnology. Because nanotechnology is an enabling technology across a wide range of fields, the nanotechnology innovation ecosystem appears to be a microcosm of the global innovation ecosystem. Part I describes the nature of nanotechnology and its economic contribution, Part II explores the nanotechnology innovation ecosystem, and Part III focuses on the role of IP systems in the development of nanotechnology.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/28

3D printing and the intellectual property system

Economic Research Working Paper No. 28

Three-dimensional (3D) printing – or “additive manufacturing” – technologies differ from traditional molding and casting manufacturing processes in that they build 3D objects by successively creating layers of material on top of each other. Rooted in manufacturing research of the 1980s, 3D printing has evolved into a broad set of technologies that could fundamentally alter production processes in a wide set of technology areas. This report investigates, from the perspective of an intellectual property scholar, how 3D printing technology has developed over the last few decades, how intellectual property rights have shaped this breakthrough innovation and how 3D printing technologies could challenge the intellectual property rights system in the future.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/27

Breakthrough technologies – Semiconductor, innovation and intellectual property

Economic Research Working Paper No. 27

Semiconductor technology is at the origin of today's digital economy. Its contribution to innovation, productivity and economic growth in the past four decades has been extensive. This paper analyzes how this breakthrough technology came about, how it diffused, and what role intellectual property played historically.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/26

Intellectual property rights and pharmaceuticals: The case of antibiotics

Economic Research Working Paper No. 26

The development and diffusion of antibiotics contributed to large improvements in human health and living standards. The antibiotic revolution also spawned the modern pharmaceutical industry. This paper reviews the development of the early antibiotics, and the roles of intellectual property rights (in particular, patents) in their development and diffusion.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/25

Breakthrough innovations in aircraft and the intellectual property system, 1900-1975

Economic Research Working Paper No. 25

Modern commercial aircraft are complex products that incorporate innovations in technologies ranging from advanced materials to software and electronics. Although commercial aircraft assuredly qualify as a transformative innovation, in fact today's commercial aircraft are the result of a process of incremental innovation and improvement that dates back more than a century. A great many of these improvements and incremental innovations originated from government-supported R&D programs sponsored by the military services or government research laboratories. The adoption of commercial-aircraft innovations within many industrial economies, including the United States, also has been influenced by government regulation of air transportation. This paper provides a historical characterization of the innovation and record of technical progress in US commercial aircraft during the 1900-1975 period. It identifies the sources of support for innovation and technological adoption, and examines the origins and impacts of “breakthrough innovations” on the overall evolution of the global commercial aircraft industry. The paper also assesses the role of patents in these important innovations.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/PUB/944/2015

World Intellectual Property Report 2015 - Breakthrough Innovation and Economic Growth

WIPO's latest World Intellectual Property Report (WIPR) explores the role of IP at the nexus of innovation and economic growth, focusing on the impact of breakthrough innovations.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/RE:SEARCH/BVGH

BVGH Partnership Hub Report - Catalyzing Partnerships for Global Health

The consortium's objective is to establish partnerships that facilitate sharing of IP assets to advance the discovery and development of new drugs, vaccines, and diagnostics for NTDs, malaria, and tuberculosis.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/PUB/GC/14

Public Health, Intellectual Property, and TRIPS at 20: Innovation and Access to Medicines; Learning from the Past, Illuminating the Future

Summary

The World Trade Organization (WTO) and its Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement) celebrated their 20th anniversary in 2015. To mark the event, the World Health Organization (WHO), World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the WTO held the fifth in the series of trilateral symposia to discuss practical ways in which the twin challenges of innovation and access have been addressed.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/PUB/903

Successful Technology Licensing

This Successful Technology Licensing (STL) Manual was developed as a response to requests for a user-friendly manual aimed primarily at an audience of businesspersons, technology managers and scientists who are dealing with licensing in the course of their work. Licensing occurs in the context of various business and collaboration relations, such as mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures, research collaboration agreements, joint research and development arrangements, etc.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/PUB/893

Guide on Surveying the Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries

The Guide contains information and recommendations for research teams and copyright professionals studying the contribution of the copyright-based industries to the national economy. This publication is intended as a practical tool to facilitate national and regional surveys. The Guide lays out the thrust of the main legal, economic and statistical concepts, relevant to the survey. This Guide also contains a glossary of copyright terms.

Publication year: 2015