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Intellectual property use in middle income countries: the case of Chile
Economic Research Working Paper No. 43
We analyze the use of intellectual property (IP) by firms in Chile over the decade 1995-2005 as the then middle-income country experienced rapid economic growth of 4.7 percent per year. We use a novel dataset that contains a combination of detailed firm-level information from the annual manufacturing census, information on firms' innovative activities from Chile's innovation surveys, and firms' patent, industrial design, and trademark filings with the Chilean IP office. We use these data to look at how IP use by companies has changed over time and analyze the determinants of IP use, in particular first-time use. We find that sales growth prompts first-time use of patents and trademarks, though such use does not change the growth trajectory of firms nor does it improve their total factor productivity. We also find that trademark use is associated with new-to-the-world product innovation, which suggests that branding may be an important mechanism to appropriate returns to innovation in a middle-income country like Chile.
Publication year: 2018
A multi-purpose IP education resource
Enhancing Innovation in the Ugandan Agri-Food Sector: Robusta Coffee Planting Material & Tropical Fruit Processing
Economic Research Working Paper No. 42
Uganda's innovation performance in recent years has consistently outpaced other low-income and Sub-Saharan African countries. Though encouraging, this nascent progress will only benefit the broader Ugandan population if policy makers address specific constraints in the innovation systems of the critical agri-food sector, which is hampered by low productivity and profitability. In this report, we explore these constraints using an agricultural value chains framework with particular focus on the Robusta Coffee Planting Material Pipeline and tropical fruit processing.
Guide to WIPO Mediation
Mediation has proved very successful in achieving a result beneficial to both sides to a dispute. This booklet provides a straightforward introduction to mediation, based on the extensive experience of the WIPO Center. It describes the main features and advantages of mediation and explains how mediation under the WIPO Mediation Rules works in practice, with case examples.
Global Innovation Index 2018
Energizing the World with Innovation
The Global Innovation Index 2018 provides detailed metrics about the innovation performance of 126 countries and economies around the world. Its 80 indicators explore a broad vision of innovation, including political environment, education, infrastructure and business sophistication. The GII 2018 analyses the energy innovation landscape of the next decade and identifies possible breakthroughs in fields such as energy production, storage, distribution, and consumption. It also looks at how breakthrough innovation occurs at the grassroots level and describes how small-scale renewable systems are on the rise.
A Guide to Intellectual Property Issues in Access and Benefit-sharing Agreements
An essential complement to the WIPO Database of Access and Benefit-sharing Agreements, this guide offers users and providers of genetic resources an accessible overview of intellectual property issues in access and benefit-sharing agreements.
Technology and Innovation Support Centers (TISCs) Report 2017
This Annual Report highlights key trends and milestones of the TISC program since its launch in 2009, with a focus on the main achievements and developments in 2017.
Celebrating 20 years of the WIPO Academy
A Casebook on the Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights
The fourth edition of this popular casebook is a valuable tool for judges, lawyers and law enforcement officials in the handling of intellectual property cases. It compiles case law related to IP enforcement from a wide range of courts and tribunals, providing a thorough analysis of common and civil law jurisprudence, underscoring similarities and, where appropriate, highlighting differences. It covers the most recent decisions on topical issues in common and civil law, and emphasizes the jurisprudence in the area of copyright and trademark rights.
Innovativeness of the Polish health sector: a patent analytics study
Economic Research Working Paper No. 46
The Polish health related patenting increased rapidly in the last decade making Poland the top CEE economy. Still, most of the filings remain only national, making Poland just a small share of the EU total and relatively less specialized than other EU countries. A limited number of higher education applicants accounted for 42 percent of patents and utility models, with a clear specialization in pharmaceutical technologies. Most private applicants were SMEs and individuals specialized in medtech. The innovative activity is concentrated in a few provinces and cities. Polish health related innovation is a collaborative although mostly domestic effort. Poland's pharmaceutical specialization is on non-biological preparations (42%) and new chemical compounds (31%); while the medtech specialization is in diagnosis and surgery (34%) and prostheses, stents and orthopedic (18%).