World Intellectual Property Organization

United Republic of Tanzania

The Constitution of Zanzibar

Year of Version:2002
Date of Entry into Force:January 12, 1985
Date of Text (Adopted):1984
Type of Text:Constitution / Basic Law
Subject Matter:Other
The current Constitution of the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar was adopted in 1984 and subsequently amended in 1990, 1992 and 2002.

Zanzibar possesses an autonomous government within the United Republic of Tanzania, where the President is the head of government and chair of the Revolutionary Council. He shares executive powers with two Vice Presidents, ministers and the Attorney General which he appoints. The legislature comprises the President and the House of Representatives and the Judiciary is comprised of a High Court and subordinate courts and tribunals.

Zanzibari Law is overall governed by the Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania, 1977 but Zanzibar has certain legislative powers outside of the exclusive Union matters reserved to the central government, such as the power to enact separate legislation on intellectual property.

The Constitution does not contain provisions concerning the protection of intellectual property rights; however, the right to property is guaranteed by Article 17 on 'Protection from deprivation of property'.
Available Texts: 

The Constitution of Zanzibar The Constitution of Zanzibar, Complete document (pdf) [3711 KB]

WIPO Lex No.:TZ028

Explore WIPO