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Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement)

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Host Institution World Trade Organization (WTO) Members Contracting Parties/Signatories
Territorial Notes
Dates Amended: December 6, 2005 Entry into force: January 1, 1995 Adopted: April 15, 1994 [ Marrakesh ] Subject Matter Patents (Inventions), Utility Models, Industrial Designs, Trademarks, Geographical Indications, Trade Names, Layout Designs of Integrated Circuits, Competition, Undisclosed Information (Trade Secrets), Plant Variety Protection, Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights), Enforcement of IP and Related Laws, Transfer of Technology, Other, Industrial Property Notes "This Agreement constitutes Annex 1C of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization (hereinafter referred to as the "WTO Agreement"), which was concluded on April 15, 1994, and entered into force on January 1, 1995. The TRIPS Agreement binds all Members of the WTO (see Article II.2 of the WTO Agreement)."
The TRIPS Agreement was amended through the Protocol of 6 December 2005 that entered into force on 23 January 2017. The amendment inserted a new Article 31bis into the Agreement as well as an Annex and Appendix. These provide the legal basis for WTO members to grant special compulsory licences exclusively for the production and export of affordable generic medicines to other members that cannot domestically produce the needed medicines in sufficient quantities for their patients.
Available Texts Treaty Text (2 Texts) Treaty Text (2 Texts) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (as amended on 23 January 2017) Dates Entry into force: January 23, 2017 Date of Text: December 6, 2005 Available Texts English  Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (as amended on 23 January 2017)  PDF Spanish  Acuerdo sobre los Aspectos de los Derechos de Propiedad Intelectual relacionados con el Comercio (texto modificado el 23 de enero de 2017)  PDF French  Accord sur les aspects des droits de propriété intellectuelle qui touchent au commerce (texte modifié le 23 janvier 2017)  PDF
Related Legislation Amends (1 text(s)) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement)


Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement) Dates Entry into force: January 1, 1995 Date of Text: April 15, 1994 Available Texts English  Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement)  PDF  HTML Spanish  Acuerdo sobre los Aspectos de los Derechos de Propiedad Intelectual relacionados con el Comercio (ADPIC)  PDF  HTML French  Accord sur les aspects des droits de propriété intellectuelle qui touchent au commerce (Accord sur les ADPIC)  PDF  HTML Russian  Соглашение по торговым аспектам прав интеллектуальной собственности (Соглашение ТРИПС)  PDF  HTML
Related Legislation Is amended by (1 text(s)) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (as amended on 23 January 2017)