Technology Transfer Agreements

The transfer of knowledge and information about technology can take place in two ways: informally through transfer of knowledge, and formally through technology transfer agreements (contracts).

Informal transfer of knowledge is becoming more and more important in the academic environment as the mobility of researchers and students is greatly contributing to the dissemination of knowledge worldwide. Knowledge can also be transferred through publications, teaching, conferences, courses, presentations, meetings, informal exchanges and personal contacts between scientists, academia and industry.

In the context of formal channels of technology transfer, there is no such thing as a standard contract or agreement. Some universities and research institutions propose standard models as part of their IP policies, but such models are only to be used as a starting point, a support or a tool, and need to be adapted to the specific circumstances and requirements of each case. It is crucial to consult an IP lawyer from the beginning of the negotiation and in particular when signing the agreement.

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What are the types of technology transfer agreements?

There are different types of technology transfer agreements that are frequently used to transfer technology from lab to market.

Technology transfer licensing agreements

Assignments of intellectual property rights

Confidentiality agreements

Collaborative research agreements

Consultancy agreements

Sponsored research agreements

Material transfer agreements

Contract research agreements

Academic spin-off agreements

University research-based start-up agreements

Joint venture agreements

WIPO model contracts for academic institutions

In order to support academic institutions in the development and negotiation of technology transfer contracts, WIPO provides model agreements between academic institutions and industry partners. Since licensing is the most frequently used means for technology transfer, the models provide insights into different types of licensing agreements such as know-how licensing, exclusive, software licensing, etc. The models are accompanied by guidelines for customization focusing on challenging issues for technology transfer offices, such as negotiating an audit for royalty rates on the revenues collected by industry partners from sub licensees.

  • Model agreements DOC, title goes here
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