Studies for Countries in Transition

This series of studies, aimed at intellectual property experts, practitioners and policy makers, has been created to support the development of national IP strategies within countries in transition.


Intellectual Property, Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions/Folklore: A Guide for Countries in Transition

Publication year: 2013

This Guide intends to provide information for policy-makers, heads of intellectual property (IP) offices, and other decision-makers in countries in transition, on issues they need to consider before putting a legal framework in place. It aims to raise awareness of existing methods for the legal protection of traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expressions, as well as to improve understanding of the interrelations, at international, regional and national levels, between the IP system, on the one hand, and traditional knowledge/traditional cultural expressions and their implications for economic, social, cultural and technical development, on the other hand.


Economic Aspects of IP in Countries in Transition

Publication year: 2013

This Study was developed, following the request from Members States, in order to support the use of intellectual property for national economic growth.


Teaching Intellectual Property (IP) in Countries in Transition

Publication year: 2013

The purpose of this Study is to identify the special needs of countries in transition with respect to intellectual property training and education, to define the different goals and objectives of such training, and to facilitate the development of a core curriculum and innovative methodologies for teaching IP in countries in transition.


Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights in Countries in Transition

Publication year: 2013

The development of the Study reflects discussion between the public and private sector on the enforcement of IP rights in countries in transition, during a series of WIPO inter-regional meetings.


The Role of Intellectual Property, in particular, Trademarks and Geographical Indications, in Creating, Developing and Strengthening a Nation Brand

Publication year: 2012

This Study deals with intellectual property, in particular, trademarks and geographical indications, as an instrument not only for developing a strong and distinctive brand image for national products and services but also, through such a process, for creating a strong and distinctive nation brand, in both cases, with a view of gaining a competitive advantage in domestic, regional and world markets.


Typical Features of Copyright in Countries in Transition: Review of the Transition Process – Guidance for its Completion where it may still be needed

Publication year: 2012

This Study presents special features of the copyright laws and institutions of countries in transition and aims to help with modernizing the laws on copyright and neighboring rights, adapting them to an appropriate interpretation of the existing conventions and to the newly emerging international standards by eliminating the elements of the laws which followed from the centrally-planned, collectivist systems. The goal is to appropriately reflect the legitimate interests of employers and producers, making the enforcement more efficient and eliminating over-regulation.


Technology Transfer in Countries in Transition: Policy and Recommendations

Publication year: 2012

This Study consists of thorough analysis of how business and research are intertwined. It focuses on different mechanisms and models of technology transfer.


Model Intellectual Property Policy for Universities and Research Institutions

Publication year: 2012

This tool facilitates the efforts of Universities to elaborate their own Intellectual Property policies on the rights related to the protection and exploitation, the obtainment and transfer of intellectual products and the manner of determination of the author's share in the fees and other revenues arising from the exploitation of the product, as well as enhancing the moral acknowledgement of authors.


Guidance for the Development of an Intellectual Property (IP) Strategy in Countries in Transition

Publication year: 2012

This Study is aimed at assisting governments in creating an environment in which Intellectual Property enables innovators and creators to lever the economic value of their work, at enhancing the economic success of the country to the benefit of its businesses, researchers, creators, and society as a whole and at strengthening economic competitiveness.


Recommendations for Strengthening the Role of Innovative Small and Medium-sized Enterprises in Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States

Publication year: 2010

New technologies and knowledge, forming real concrete benefits, are becoming a defining factor for economic growth and for the development of the society. The exclusive significance of the innovation component of small and medium-sized business are of great significance for the economic and social development .Taking into the account the heightened risks accompanying the introduction of new technologies by SMEs and the enormous potential possibilities that comes with such new technologies, in economic and social terms, governments should undertake efforts and offer privileges to motivate innovation activities among SMEs.


Adaptation of The Copyright Laws of Countries in Transition to the New Technologies; Accession to, and Implementation of the WIPO Internet Treaties

Publication year: 2010

This Study offers a comprehensive analysis of the way the national laws of “countries in transition” have been adopted to new technologies.


Management of Academic Intellectual Property and Early Stage Innovation in Countries in Transition

Publication year: 2010

In order to determine the most effective management methods WIPO carried out a survey amongst universities and independent research institutions to determine the present practices and bottlenecks in the field of university Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) management. The results are grouped around three main areas: technology transfer organizations, research and academic IPR management and transfer of technology. Created guidelines provide insight into such vital aspects of management as: managing patent portfolios, choosing the most effective commercialization strategy, technology management and others. This Study is targeted at universities, technology professionals, scientists, IPR professionals and patent attorneys, innovation agents, innovative SMEs and other entities interested in assisting the utilization and commercialization of the economically valuable IPRs.