The World’s Top 10 Science and Technology Hotspots

January 7, 2019

These are the ten hotspots with most scientific publishing and inventive activity, based on the numbers of scientific publications and WIPO PCT international patent applications published between 2012 and 2016.

The ranking is part of the Global Innovation Index 2018, which provides detailed metrics about the innovation performance of 126 countries and economies around the world.

10th – San Diego, United States of America

GII hotspot 10

Scientific publishing: 34,340 scientific publications, of which 51.4% by University of California. The main field of science was chemistry, which made up 6.6% of publications.

Patents: 18,217 international patent applications filed, of which 57.3% by Qualcomm. The main field of technology was digital communication, which made up 30% of all filings.

9th – Paris, France

GII hotspot 9

Scientific publishing: 94,073 scientific publications, of which 22.2% by CNRS. The main field of science was physics, which made up 7.6% of publications.

Patents: 13,318 international patent applications filed, of which 8% by L’Oréal. The main field of technology was transport, which made up 11.6% of all filings.

8th – New York, United States of America

GII hotspot 8

Scientific publishing: 129,214 scientific publications, of which 13.3% by Columbia University. The main field of science was general and internal medicine, which made up 6% of publications.

Patents: 12,032 international patent applications filed, of which 4.7% by Honeywell. The main field of technology was pharmaceuticals, which made up 14.4% of all filings.

7th – Boston–Cambridge, United States of America

GII hotspot 7

Scientific publishing: 119,240 scientific publications, of which 53.8% by Harvard University. The main field of science was oncology, which made up 5.9% of publications.

Patents: 13,659 international patent applications filed, of which 6.4% by M.I.T. The main field of technology was pharmaceuticals, which made up 16.9% of all filings.

6th – Osaka–Kobe–Kyoto, Japan

GII hotspot 6

Scientific publishing: 67,781 scientific publications, of which 22% by Kyoto University. The main field of science was chemistry, which made up 10.2% of publications.

Patents: 27,046 international patent applications filed, of which 10.3% by Murata Manufacturing. The main field of technology was electrical machinery, which made up 14% of all filings.

5th – Beijing, China

GII hotspot 5

Scientific publishing: 197,175 scientific publications, of which 23.5% by Chinese Academy of Sciences. The main field of science was chemistry, which made up 10.6% of publications.

Patents: 18,041 international patent applications filed, of which 21.1% by BOE Technology Group. The main field of technology was digital communication, which made up 25.5% of all filings.

Note: Geographic distribution is limited to the city/town precision level.

4th – San Jose–San Francisco, United States of America

GII hotspot 4

Scientific publishing: 90,238 scientific publications, of which 38.2% by University of California. The main field of science was chemistry, which made up 6.6% of publications.

Patents: 36,715 international patent applications filed, of which 7.2% by Google. The main field of technology was computer technology, which made up 22.9% of all filings.

3rd – Seoul, Republic of Korea

GII hotspot 3

Scientific publishing: 130,290 scientific publications, of which 16.3% by Seoul National University. The main field of science was engineering, which made up 7.5% of publications.

Patents: 37,118 international patent applications filed, of which 17.4% by LG Electronics. The main field of technology was digital communication, which made up 15.8% of all filings.

Note: Geographic distribution is limited to the city/town precision level.

2nd – Shenzhen–Hong Kong, China

GII hotspot 2

Scientific publishing: 40,920 scientific publications, of which 18.4% by University of Hong Kong. The main field of science was engineering, which made up 10.7% of publications.

Patents: 48,084 international patent applications filed, of which 30.4% by ZTE Corp. The main field of technology was digital communication, which made up 42.3% of all filings.

Note: Geographic distribution is limited to the city/town precision level.

1st – Tokyo-Yokohama, Japan

GII hotspot 1

Scientific publishing: 141,584 scientific publications, of which 13.9% by University of Tokyo. The main field of science was physics, which made up 9.4% of publications.

Patents: 104,746 international patent applications filed, of which 6.8% by Mitsubishi Electric. The main field of technology was electrical machinery, which made up 9.8% of all filings.