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WIPO Domain Name Dispute Resolution Service for .ES

Country / Territory Code


Country / Territory Name


Whois Search

Whois Search

Dispute Resolution Policy

Variation of UDRP

Reglamento del procedimiento de resolución extrajudicial de conflictos para nombres de dominio bajo el código de país correspondiente a España (“.ES”)

Relevant differences between the UDRP and the .ES Policy

Whereas the UDRP is limited to the protection of trademark rights, under the .ES Policy a complainant must have “Initial Rights”, which are defined under the .ES Policy as:

  • - Designations of entities validly registered in Spain, denominations or indications of origin, trade names, registered trademarks or other industrial property rights protected in Spain;
  • - Civil names or “notorious” pseudonyms, which professionally identify, among others, intellectual creators, politicians and figures of the show or sport;
  • - Official or generally recognizable names of public administrations and Spanish public bodies

It is sufficient for the complainant to prove that either registration or use of the domain name is in bad faith, whereas the UDRP requires the complainant to prove both

Courts of Madrid, Spain


Only single-member panels are allowed

The complaint may be submitted electronically by email and/ or in hardcopy in three (3) sets; with a copy of the complaint being sent to Red.es

WIPO Model Pleadings

WIPO Model Complaint

WIPO Model Response


Schedule of Fees

WIPO Experts

WIPO Experts

Domain Registry



Registration Agreement

Text of Agreement

Eligibility Criteria

.ES domain names are unrestricted in the second level and for third level domain names under “.com.es”. Restrictions apply to other third level domain names such as “.nom.es”, “.edu.es”, and “.gob.es”

Supported Characters

.ES domain names support ASCII and IDN characters

  • - may have between 3 and 63 characters for second-level domain names;
  • - may have between 2 and 63 characters for third-level domain names;
  • - allow letters, numbers, and dashes
  • - do not allow dashes as the first or last characters of the domain name
  • - allow the characters á, à, é, è, í, ï, ó, ò, ú, ü, ñ, ç, and l·l
  • - may not start with the sequence “xn--”



While every effort is made to provide up-to-date information, part of the content of this page comes from third-party sources and may not be accurate at all times. For any queries about this page or about WIPO’s domain name dispute resolution services more generally, please contact arbiter.mail@wipo.int