Medical technologies – medicines, vaccines and medical devices – are essential for public health. Access to essential medicines and the lack of research to address neglected diseases have been a major concern for many years. More recently, the focus of health policy debate has broadened to consider how to promote innovation and how to ensure equitable access to all vital medical technologies.
Today’s health policy-makers need a clear understanding both of the innovation processes that lead to new technologies and of the ways in which these technologies are disseminated in health systems.
The study "Promoting Access to Medical Technologies and Innovation" seeks to reinforce the understanding of the interplay between the distinct policy domains of health, trade and IP, and of how they affect medical innovation and access to medical technologies. It captures a broad range of experience and data in dealing with the interplay between IP, trade rules and the dynamics of access to, and innovation in, medical technologies.
A collaborative effort by WHO, WIPO and WTO, this study draws together the three Secretariats’ respective areas of expertise. It is intended to inform ongoing technical cooperation activities undertaken by the three organizations and to support policy discussions.
Based on many years of field experience in technical cooperation, the study has been prepared to serve the needs of policy-makers who seek a comprehensive presentation of the full range of issues, as well as lawmakers, government officials, delegates to international organizations, non-governmental organizations and researchers.
The study is also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish.