World Intellectual Property Organization

PCT Contracting States for which a Regional Patent can be Obtained via the PCT

(situation on 24 June 2013)

  States for which only a regional patent can be obtained (and not a national patent): States for which a regional patent can be obtained in addition to, or instead of, a national patent States not included in REGIONAL designation but to which a REGIONAL patent can be extended

AP    ARIPO patent

SZ    Swaziland BW    Botswana
GH    Ghana
GM    Gambia
KE    Kenya
LR    Liberia
LS    Lesotho
MW   Malawi
MZ    Mozambique
NA    Namibia
RW  Rwanda1
SD   Sudan
SL    Sierra Leone
TZ    United Republic of Tanzania
UG   Uganda
ZM    Zambia
ZW   Zimbabwe 
Not applicable
EA    Eurasian patent Not applicable AM    Armenia
AZ    Azerbaijan
BY    Belarus
KG   Kyrgyzstan
KZ    Kazakhstan
MD   Republic of Moldova2
RU   Russian Federation
TJ    Tajikistan
TM   Turkmenistan
Not applicable
EP    European patent BE    Belgium
CY    Cyprus
FR    France
GR   Greece
IE     Ireland
IT     Italy
LV    Latvia
MC  Monaco
МТ   Malta
NL   Netherlands
SI    Slovenia
AL    Albania
AT    Austria
BG   Bulgaria
CH   Switzerland
CZ    Czech Republic
DE    Germany
DK    Denmark
EE    Estonia
ES    Spain
FI      Finland
GB   United Kingdom
HR   Croatia
HU   Hungary
IS     Iceland
LI     Liechtenstein
LT    Lithuania3
LU   Luxembourg
MK   The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
NO   Norway
PL    Poland
PT    Portugal
RO   Romania
RS   Serbia4
SE   Sweden
SK   Slovakia
SM   San Marino
TR   Turkey
BA    Bosnia and Herzegovina5
ME   Montenegro5
RS   Serbia6
OA    OAPI patent BF    Burkina Faso
BJ    Benin
CF   Central African Republic
CG   Congo
CI     Côte d’Ivoire
CM   Cameroon
GA   Gabon
GN   Guinea
GQ   Equatorial Guinea
GW   Guinea-Bissau
KM   Comoros7
ML    Mali
MR   Mauritania
NE    Niger
SN   Senegal
TD   Chad
TG   Togo
Not applicable KM   Comoros8


  1. For international applications filed on or after 24 September 2011. 
  2. Only for international applications filed before 26 April 2012. 
  3. Will close its national route on 4 September 2014. 
  4. For international applications filed on or after 1 October 2010.  In the case of international applications filed before that date, it is possible to request the extension of a European patent to this State (see footnote 5). 
  5. A request for the extension of a European patent to these States may be made at the time of entry into the regional phase before the European Patent Office, provided that the designations of EP and/or of the State concerned have not been withdrawn. Such a request may not be made in the PCT request form itself. See the PCT Applicant’s Guide, Introduction to the International Phase, paragraphs 4.026 and 5.054, and National Chapter (EP) for further details as to the procedure to be followed. 
  6. For international applications filed before 1 October 2010.  International applications filed on or after that date will include the designation of this State for a European patent. 
  7. For international applications filed on or after 25 May 2013. 
  8.  For international applications filed before 25 May 2013, extension of OAPI patent possible until 25 January 2015. 

Explore WIPO