Millennium Development Goal 8
Develop a Global Partnership for Development
Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
Includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction – both nationally and internationally
Address the special needs of the least developed countries
Includes: tariff and quota free access for the least developed countries' exports; enhanced programme of debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction
Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States (through the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the outcome of the twenty-second special session of the General Assembly)
Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term Some of the indicators listed below are monitored separately for the least developed countries (LDCs), Africa, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States.
Official development assistance (ODA)
8.1 Net ODA, total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors’ gross national income
8.2 Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
8.3 Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
8.4 ODA received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national incomes
8.5 ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
8.6 Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms) from developing countries and least developed countries, admitted free of duty
8.7 Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products and textiles and clothing from developing countries
8.8 Agricultural support estimate for OECD countries as a percentage of their gross domestic product
8.9 Proportion of ODA provided to help build trade capacity
8.10 Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
8.11 Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
8.12 Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
8.13 Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
8.14 Telephone lines per 100 population
8.15 Cellular subscribers per 100 population
8.16 Internet users per 100 population
What WIPO is Doing on MDG 8
MDG 8 addresses a range of different issues and targets some of which are very closely linked to the work and mandate of WIPO.
Target 8a relates to the development of an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system. Through its inclusion in various trade agreements, including the TRIPS Agreement of the WTO and various bilateral or plurilateral trade agreements, the intellectual property system has been recognized as a central component of the international trading system. WIPO regularly provides technical and legislative assistance to countries for the implementation of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement), within the framework of its agreement with the WTO which entered into force in 19961, and for the implementation of any other relevant trade agreements that address IP issues.2 In addition, WIPO regularly contributes to the WTO Trade Policy Courses and to national or sub-regional workshops on issues relating to TRIPS implementation, flexibilities and public policies to support countries in the implementation of the TRIPS agreement in a manner that is consistent with their development needs and priorities.
In relation to Target 8b, WIPO’s program for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) seeks to support LDCs in the use of the IP system to promote their economic, social and cultural development through activities designed to their specific needs and priorities. In July 2009, WIPO held a High-Level Forum on the Strategic Use of Intellectual Property for Prosperity and Development, which urged the Organization to intensify its capacity-building assistance for LDCs and to support these countries in improving competitiveness of their enterprises through regular access to new technologies. The Declaration also appealed to development partners to make more funds available for LDC-specific projects. The latter issue is also being addressed through a Development Agenda project to establish Trust-Funds or other voluntary funds within WIPO specifically for LDCs. The WPO Conference on Building Partnerships for Mobilizing Resources for Development in November 2009 was aimed at providing a kick-start to WIPO’s efforts to mobilize resource s for IP for Development.
With respect to Target 8e, reference is made to the text relating to MDGs 4, 5, 6 and target 8a of the MDG 8 (see above), which encompasses WIPO’s activities relating to the health-related MDGs and its cooperation with the relevant programs of the WHO and other IGOs. The MDG Gap Task Force Report3 for 2009 highlighted the need to “make maximum use of the TRIPS Agreement as it pertains to essential medicines” and the use of the flexibilities available under that agreement as an important action to be undertaken to meet this target. Through its legislative assistance to Member States, WIPO is well placed to continue to undertake this important work.
For further information on the wide range of WIPO activities related to the MDGs and the WIPO Development Agenda Recommendations please contact the Development Agenda Coordination Division (DACD) or the Intergovernmental Organizations and Partnerships Section (IGOP).
1 Agreement Between the World Intellectual Property Organization and the World Trade Organization, 1995.
2 In line with recommendation 14 of the Development Agenda, this includes advice on the implementation and operation of the rights and obligations and use of flexibilities contained in the TRIPS Agreement
3 United Nations, MDG Gap Task Force Report: “Strengthening the Global Partnership for Development in a Time of Crisis” (2009)