Universities and public research organizations (PROs) play a key role in innovation through their contribution to the production and diffusion of knowledge. Policies and practices at the national and institutional level have been developed to support the commercialization of publicly-funded research through formal transfer mechanisms. The WIPO Economics and Statistics Division is conducting a research project on “International Comparison of Knowledge Transfer Policies and Practices” with the aim to help evaluate and support effective knowledge transfer policies. The project has three objectives: 1: Developing a conceptual framework for the evaluation of knowledge transfer activities, and outcomes, drawing on the World Intellectual Property Report 2011; 2: Identifying optimal survey methods and metrics assessing knowledge transfer activities and outcomes; and 3: Applying analytical methods to test the relationship between knowledge transfer and downstream economic outcomes. The pilot countries are: China, Brazil South Africa, Germany, the UK and the Republic of Korea. In the longer term, the survey and evaluation framework may be deployed in other countries to yield comparable data over time.