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Directive No. 98/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 1998 on the Legal Protection of Biotechnological Inventions, European Union (EU)


Latest Version in WIPO Lex
Year of Version 1998 Dates Entry into force: July 30, 1998 Adopted: July 6, 1998 Type of Text Main IP Laws Subject Matter Patents (Inventions), Genetic Resources

Available Texts Main text(s) Main text(s) French Directive n° 98/44/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 6 juillet 1998 relative à la protection juridique des inventions biotechnologiques PDF HTML English Directive No. 98/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 1998 on the Legal Protection of Biotechnological Inventions PDF HTML
Related Legislation Is implemented by (27 text(s)) Is implemented by (27 text(s))
Industrial Property Act (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 45/01 of June 7, 2001, amended up to July 27, 2023)  (SI096)
Law No. 39-XVI of February 29, 2008, on the Protection of Plant Varieties (as amended up to Law No. 52 of March 16, 2023) (MD169)
Law No. 50 of March 7, 2008, on the Protection of Inventions (as amended up to Law No. 98 of April 27, 2023) (MD163)
Patents Act (consolidated text of August 31, 2023) (EE246)
Code of Economic Law (updated on April 21, 2022)  (BE214)
Law on Patents 1970 (as amended up to Federal Law published in the Federal Law Gazette I No. 61/2022 (BGBI.I No. 61/2022)) (AT172)
Law on Patents and Utility Models Registration (SG No. 27/1993, as amended up to December 23, 2022)  (BG128)
Patent Law No. I-372 of January 18, 1994 (as amended up to Law No. XIII-2734 of December 19, 2019, in force in its entirety on January 1, 2022) (LT119)
Patent Law (as amended up to July 12, 2021) (LV148)
Act on Amendments to the Industrial Property Act (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia No. 23/20) (SI081)
Act on Amendments to the Industrial Property Act (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 23/20 of March 14, 2020) (SI091)
Patent Act (OG No. 16/2020)  (HR150)
The Consolidate Act on Plant Variety Protection (Consolidate Act No. 1131 of July 3, 2020) (DK266)
Law No. 20/2003 of July 7, 2003, on Legal Protection of Industrial Designs (as amended up to Law No. 6/2018 of July 3, 2018) (ES232)
Law on Patents 1970 (as amended up to Federal Law published in the Federal Law Gazette I No. 37/2018 (BGBI.I No. 37/2018)) (AT146)
Law No. 17/2017 of February 16, 2017, on Amendments to Law No. 9947 of July 7, 2008, on Industrial Property (AL077)
Law of April 19, 2014, on the Insertion of Book XI 'Intellectual Property' to the Code of Economic Law, and Specific Provisions to the Book XI in Books I, XV and XVII of the Code (updated on October 30, 2015) (BE177)
Regulation No. 2 of the Minister of Justice of January 3, 2012, on the Requirements for Content and Format and Procedure for Filing of Patent Applications with the Patent Office (consolidated text of January 16, 2015) (EE182)
Plant Varieties Protection Law (as amended up to January 1, 2012) (LV050)
Law January 10, 2011, on the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (BE109)
Federal Law on Amendments of the Law on Patents 1970, Law Introducing Patent Treaties, Law on Utility Models, Law on Trademark 1970 and Law on Patent Office Fees (BGBl. I No. 126/2009) (AT156)
Law of April 25, 2008, on Amendments to the Amended Law of July 20, 1992, on the Changes in the System for Patents for Invention (LU067)
Law No. X-1119 of May 10, 2007, on Amendments and Supplements to Article 38^1, Article 59^2 and the Annex of the Patent Law (LT099)
Law of April 28, 2005, on Amendments to the Law of March 28, 1984, on Patents in particular the Patentability on Biotechnological Inventions (BE082)
Patents (Amendment) Act 2002 (CY035)
Presidential Decree No. 321/2001 (GR269)
European Communities (Legal Protection of Biotechnological Inventions) Regulations, 2000 (S.I. No. 247 of 2000) (IE127)

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