An International Guide to
Patent Case Management for Judges

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10.3.1 Federal judiciary structure

The U.S. federal judiciary has three levels for handling patent cases: (1) the district courts, which adjudicate disputes in the first instance; (2) the Federal Circuit, which has exclusive jurisdiction over patent appeals; and (3) the U.S. Supreme Court, which reviews appeals from the Federal Circuit on a discretionary basis.

Figure 10.5 shows the judicial administration structure in the U.S.

Figure 10.5 The judicial administration structure in the U.S.

Source: Judicial Administration Structure for IP Disputes provided by the USPTO, available at