Three routes of communication are possible as part of the international procedure, namely:
Communications addressed by an applicant, holder or an Office to the International Bureau must be in writing and be typed or otherwise printed. Handwritten communications are not acceptable. The communication must be signed. The signature may be handwritten, printed, typed or stamped. As regards electronic communication and communications through user accounts available on the WIPO website, the signature may be replaced by a mode of identification determined by the International Bureau or agreed upon between the International Bureau and the Office concerned, as the case may be. Pursuant to Section 205(a) of the Administrative Instructions, communications through user accounts must be authenticated through the use of the account holder’s user name and password.
A.I. Section 201(a); A.I. Section 202; A.I. Section 205(a)
Communications addressed to the International Bureau may be delivered by hand, sent by mail or by electronic means.
Any communication may be sent to the International Bureau by mail, through a postal or other delivery service, at the following address:
If several documents are mailed to the International Bureau in one envelope, they should be accompanied by a list identifying each one of them. The International Bureau informs the sender of any discrepancy between the list and what is actually received.
The use of facsimile for communication with the International Bureau was terminated on January 1, 2019, as a result of the deletion of Section 203 of the Administrative Instructions.
Any communication between, on the one hand, an applicant or holder or Office of a Contracting Party and, on the other hand, the International Bureau, including the presentation of an international application, may be made by electronic means, for example, through eHague (Filing and Renewal). In addition, Contact Hague can be used to make enquiries, submit documents or to request priority documents from the International Bureau (refer to “Priority documents and WIPO Digital Access Service (DAS) for International Applications”). Notwithstanding the above, electronic communications between an Office and the International Bureau may take place in a way agreed upon between the International Bureau and the Office concerned.
Where a communication is transmitted to the International Bureau by electronic means and, because of the time difference between the place from where the communication is sent and Geneva, the date on which the sending started is different from the date of receipt by the International Bureau of the complete communication, the earlier of the two dates shall be considered as the date of receipt by the International Bureau.
A.I. Section 204(a); A.I. Section 205; A.I. Section 204(c)
Provided the sender can be identified and can be reached, the International Bureau will promptly inform him/her, also by electronic transmission, of the receipt of the electronic communication, and of any deficiencies in the transmission (for example, if it is incomplete or illegible). Such an acknowledgement shall contain the date of receipt in the case of an international application.
All official forms are established by the International Bureau. Official forms include both forms made available on the website, as well as electronic interfaces (eHague). Further electronic interfaces may be made available on the WIPO website or on the website of the Office of a Contracting Party. It is recalled that a Contracting Party allowing, in line with Article 4(1) of the 1999 Act, an indirect filing, may make an e-filing interface available on the website of its Office.
99 Article 4(1); Rule 1(1)(vi)
As an alternative to using a form produced by the International Bureau, Offices, applicants or holders may generate their own forms. Such self-generated forms are acceptable to the International Bureau provided that they have the same contents and format as the official forms.
The items in such self-generated forms need not have the same spacing and layout as in the forms established by the International Bureau. Indeed, one advantage of producing such forms is that as much space can be allocated to a given item as is needed; for example, where an international application is in the names of several applicants, or there is a particularly large number of designs, use of such forms can avoid the need for continuation sheets. The following prescriptions must, however, be observed:
Where the space available in any part of a form is insufficient (for example, in the case of an international application, because there is more than one applicant, or more than one priority claim) one or more continuation sheets should be used (unless a self-generated form has been used). On the continuation sheet, it is necessary to indicate the DM form and the item number, the information then being presented in the same manner as required in the form itself. The number of continuation sheets used must be indicated in the box provided at the beginning of the form.
Any indication of a date in an official form must consist of the day in two digits, followed by the number of the month in two digits, followed by the number of the year in four digits, all in Arabic numerals and day, month and year being separated by slashes (/). For example, the date April 1, 2014, is to be written as “01/04/2014”.
In addition to the official forms, some unofficial forms are available, for example for renewing an international registration. The use of these forms is not compulsory; they are provided by the International Bureau for the convenience of users.
The Hague System lays down time limits within which certain communications must be made. Normally the date on which the time limit expires is the date on which the communication must be received by the International Bureau. An exception to this is the time limit within which the Office of a designated Contracting Party may notify refusal of protection; in this case, it is the date on which the Office sends the notification to the International Bureau which is decisive (refer also to A.I. section 501). Any communication from the International Bureau which refers to a time limit indicates the date of expiry of that time limit, calculated in accordance with the following rules:
Likewise, if the period within which a communication (such as a notification of refusal of protection) must be sent by an Office to the International Bureau would expire on a day on which the Office concerned is not open to the public, it will expire on the next subsequent day on which the Office is open. It should be noted that this applies only where the period in question is specified in terms of the communication being sent by an Office within that period. On the other hand, where the period is specified in terms of the communication being received by the International Bureau within that period, it is the previous paragraph that applies; in such a case, late receipt of the communication by the International Bureau cannot be excused on the ground that its dispatch was delayed because the Office which sent it was closed.
Failure to meet a time limit specified in the Common Regulation to perform an action before the International Bureau may be excused where an interested party proves to the satisfaction of the International Bureau that such failure was due to a force majeure event. Such force majeure events include, for example, war, revolution, civil disorder, strike, natural calamity, epidemic, irregularities in postal, delivery or electronic communication services which are beyond the control of the party requesting the excuse of delay.
The International Bureau may waive the requirement to submit evidence, and announce such a waiver in an Information Notice. In such a case, the interested party must submit a statement that the failure to meet the time limit was due to the reason for which the International Bureau waived the requirement concerning the submission of evidence.
Failure to meet a time limit will be excused only if the evidence, or the statement in lieu of that evidence, is received by the International Bureau, and the corresponding action is performed before the International Bureau, as soon as reasonably possible, and not later than six months after the expiry of the time limit concerned.
An international application may be filed in English, French or Spanish at the applicant’s option.
Any communication concerning an international application or an international registration must be
The recording in the International Register and the publication in the I.D.B. of an international registration and of any data to be both recorded and published in respect of that international registration takes place in English, French and Spanish.
In respect of international applications filed before April 1, 2010 and international registrations resulting from such applications, Rule 6 as in force before April 1, 2010, continues to apply. As a consequence, the recording in the International Register and the publication in the I.D.B. of an international registration and of any data to be both recorded and published in respect of that international registration only take place in English and in French.
The necessary translation of the recordings to be made in the International Register and their publication in the I.D.B. is performed by the International Bureau. The applicant may annex to the international application a proposed translation of any text contained in the international application. If the proposed translation is not considered by the International Bureau to be correct, it is corrected by the International Bureau after having invited the applicant to make, within one month from the invitation, observations on the proposed correction.
The amounts of the fees payable in connection with an international application or registration are either prescribed in the Schedule of Fees appended to the Common Regulations or, in the case of individual fees, fixed by the Contracting Party concerned.
Fees may be paid by the applicant or holder directly to the International Bureau. As regards, in particular, an international application, the fees may also be paid through the Office of the applicant’s Contracting Party if the application is filed through that Office and the Office accepts to collect and forward such fees to the International Bureau.
All payments to the International Bureau must be made in Swiss currency. An Office which accepts to collect and forward fees may collect payments from the applicant in another currency, but the payment forwarded to the International Bureau by the Office must be in Swiss currency.
Fees may be paid to the International Bureau:
An applicant, holder, representative, or an Office having frequent dealings with the International Bureau, may find it useful to maintain a current account at WIPO. This greatly simplifies the payment of fees and reduces the risk of irregularities due to late or incorrect payment.
Whenever a fee is paid to the International Bureau, the purpose of the payment must be indicated, together with information identifying the application or registration concerned. This information should include:
Where payment is made other than by debit from a current account at WIPO, the amount should be stated. Where payment is made from a current account at WIPO, it is sufficient to give a general instruction to the International Bureau to debit whatever is the correct amount for the transaction in question (by ticking the appropriate box on the fee payment sheet which is part of the official form). Nevertheless, if a specific amount is indicated, the International Bureau treats it as indicative only, debits the correct amount and notifies accordingly the party (applicant, holder, representative or Office) that gave the instruction.
The fees are considered to have been paid on the date on which the International Bureau received the required amount. However, in the case of a renewal, if a payment is received by the International Bureau earlier than three months before the date on which the renewal of the international registration is due, it is considered as having been received three months before that date.
Where an international application is filed through the Office of the applicant’s Contracting Party and the amount of the fee payable changes between the date on which the application was received by such Office and the date on which it was received by the International Bureau, it is the fee that was valid on the date of reception of the international application by the Office that is applicable.
Where the renewal of an international registration is requested and the amount of the fee payable changes between the date of payment and the date on which renewal is due, then
Where the renewal fee is paid after the due date, it is the fee that was valid on the due date that is applicable.
In any other case, the applicable amount is that which was valid on the date on which the payment was received by the International Bureau.
An international application may be filed with the International Bureau directly by the applicant. If he so wished, a representative may be appointed to act on the applicant's behalf before the International Bureau.
The provisions of the Hague System relate only to the representation before the International Bureau. Requirements as to the appointment of a representative before the Office of a Contracting Party (in the event, for example, that an appeal is lodged against a refusal of protection) are outside the scope of the Hague System and are exclusively a matter for the law and practice of the Contracting Party concerned.
With respect to who may be appointed as a representative before the International Bureau, the Hague System does not provide for any requirement as to professional qualification, nationality or domicile.
A representative may be appointed in an international application by indicating the name, postal address and email address of such representative in item 5 of the international application form (DM/1) or in the corresponding section of the electronic filing (eHague) interface. A representative appointed in such a manner may sign the international application in item 19 (no power of attorney required). This being said, the international application may still be signed by the applicant or be accompanied by a power of attorney (refer to “Item 5: Appointment of a representative”). A power of attorney in PDF format may be uploaded in the eHague interface.
The appointment of a representative may also be made at any time in a separate communication. Such separate communication must be signed by the applicant or holder.
The appointment may be made either through the eHague interface (for holders only), or by completing unofficial form (DM/7) made available by the International Bureau for the convenience of applicants and holders.
The communication may also be a simple letter, so long as it clearly identifies the person making the appointment, the name, postal address and email address of the appointed representative and the international application or registration concerned.
Such an appointment may relate to any number of international applications or registrations, provided they are all clearly and individually identified. The International Bureau cannot accept, as an appointment of a representative, a communication which simply and collectively refers to all international applications and registrations in the name of the same applicant or holder.
Only one representative may be appointed in respect of a given international application or registration. Therefore, if the appointment indicates more than one representative in respect of the same international application or registration, only the one indicated first is considered to have been appointed. Where a partnership or firm of attorneys or patent or trademark agents has been indicated, this is regarded as a single representative. If both a natural person and a legal entity are indicated, the representative will be recorded with the name of the legal entity preceding the name of the natural person (e.g. “law firm XYZ, John Doe”).
Where the appointment of a representative does not comply with the applicable requirements, the International Bureau considers the appointment as irregular. It notifies accordingly the applicant or holder and the purported representative and, failing the required correction, it sends all relevant communications to the applicant or holder or their previously appointed representative.
If the appointment of the representative complies with the applicable requirements, the International Bureau records that fact, along with the name, postal address and email address of the representative in the International Register, and notifies both the applicant or holder and the representative concerned. Email addresses are recorded in the International Register, but are not available to third parties.
The appointment of a representative has effect as of the date on which the International Bureau receives the communication (international application, request to record a change or separate communication) in which the appointment has been made.
A duly recorded representative may always sign a communication, or carry out any other procedural step, in place of the applicant or holder. Any communication addressed by the representative to the International Bureau has the same effect as if it had been addressed to the International Bureau by the applicant or holder. Similarly, where a representative is recorded, the International Bureau sends to this representative any communication which would have been sent to the applicant or holder. Any such communication has the same effect as if it had been addressed to the applicant or holder.
Where a representative is appointed, the International Bureau does not normally send communications also to the applicant or holder. There are a limited number of exceptions to this rule:
Apart from these exceptions, whenever this Guide refers to anything being sent to, or done by, an applicant or holder, this should be understood as a reference to it being sent to, or allowed to be done by, a duly-recorded representative.
The recording of a representative is canceled upon receipt of a corresponding request signed by the applicant, holder or representative. Cancellation may be requested either through the eHague interface or by completing unofficial form DM/9 (or alternatively, by submitting a simple letter). The cancellation of the recording may be effected for all the international applications or registrations of the same applicant or holder in respect of which the representative has been duly appointed, or for any specified international applications or registrations of that applicant or holder.
The recording of a representative is canceled ex officio by the International Bureau where a new representative has been duly appointed. As noted above, only one representative may be recognized at any one time; the appointment of a new representative is therefore assumed to replace any representative previously appointed.
The recording of a representative is also canceled ex officio by the International Bureau where a change in ownership has been recorded and no representative has been appointed by the new holder.
The cancellation becomes effective from the date on which the International Bureau receives the communication leading to the cancellation.
Once the cancellation becomes effective, the International Bureau notifies the cancellation and its effective date to the applicant or holder and to the representative whose appointment has been canceled. It sends all future communications either to the new representative or, where no new representative has been recorded, to the applicant or holder.
The recording of the appointment of a representative, of any change concerning the representative, or of the cancellation of the recording of a representative, is exempted from the payment of fees.