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Implementing regulations governing Application of the use of State Signs law for Use of ".ad" as part of a Domain Name

 Implementing Regulation governing Application of the use of State Signs law for Use of ".ad" as part of a Domain Name

Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE

An Internet electronic address has a logical format known as the "Unified Resource

Locator"(URL), which specifies, first, the corresponding protocol- for example,

Hypertext Transfer Protocol ("http"), next, the desired electronic application and, lastly,

the specific address of the computer to be accessed.

An electronic address (URL) consists of a description of the communications protocol

and the name of a domain. For example, in the electronic address of the Andorra

Telecommunications Service (STA), http://www.sta.ad, "http://”stands for the www

system's communications protocol (http://www.) and the rest of the address, "sta.ad" is

the domain name.

Electronic address (URN( � http:// www.sta.ad

www system's communications Domain name protocol

An electronic mail address consists of an account name, the @ sign and a domain

name. For example, if Ms. Meritxell N's e-mail address is meritxelln25@andorra.ad,

"meritxelln25" is the account name and "andorra.ad" is the domain name.

E-mail address:

meritxelln25@sta.ad

Account of an individual named Meritxell;, the first Domain name letter of her surname and the number 25

Domain names consist of two or more levels:

� The Top Level Domain name,internationally known by the initials TLD, which in

this case is ".ad"

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

� The Second Level Domain name, internationally known by the initials SLD,

which in this case is "sta".

Domain name:

.sta.ad

second level domain Top level domain

� In some cases, there can be sub-domains between the top and second level

domains, or there can be third or other lower level domains. In these

Regulations the sub-domain ".nom" is used for domain names for private use by

physical and legal persons and by associations.

Domain names consist of two or more levels:

.meritxelln3.nom.ad

Second level domain Sub-domain Top level domain

A domain name which is part of an electronic address operates on the basis of a

hierarchy of domain levels. The Domain Name System, better known by its initials DNS

consists of different levels. The highest level of all are top level names, which can be

divided into two categories: generic top level domain names (internationally known by

the initials gTLD) and top level domain names which are country codes (internationally

known as ccTLD). There are currently 7 gTLD (".com", ".gov", ".edu", ".net", ".mil",

".org" and ".int") and 243 ccTLD, each of which is a two-letter country code derived

from Rule 3166 of the International Standardisation Organisation (ISO-3166). The

ccTLD ".ad" uses the ISO 3166 standard abbreviated form for the name Principat

d'Andorra.

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

The Andorran Telecommunications Service (STA) is currently the agency responsible

for assigning and maintaining second level domain names under the top level domain

name ".ad".

ccTLD are intended to be used by physical or legal persons residing or established in a

particular territory, who expect to primarily use the Internet to communicate with

addresses in that same country, even though the global nature of the Internet means

that use is not restricted to a single territory. In contrast, gTLD are intended to be

primarily used with no geographic constraints.

The use of a domain name under the country code ".ad" involves using an abbreviated

form of the name "Principat d'Andorra", i.e. using a State sign which can be imply a use

with commercial effects and even a use as part of a trademark. In accordance with the

Use of State Signs Act, anyone wishing to be assigned this domain name shall be

previously authorised by the Andorran government to use ".ad" as an abbreviated form

of the name "Principat d'Andorra".

In order to avoid misuse of, and conflict between, domain names under the top level

domain name ".ad" and distinctive signs, applicants must fulfil a series of requirements

to ensure their legitimacy and the existence of specific ways to settle such conflicts.

With the aim of permitting the co-existence in the virtual world of distinctive sign

coexisting in the real world, such as trademarks for different goods or services or

trademarks and trade names, under the top level domain name ".ad", and therefore

avoiding conflicts between legitimate users of identical signs, certain requirements

have been established for obtaining authorisation to use ".ad" for a domain name that

is identical to a domain name for which use has already been authorised. In order to

safeguard the rights of companies which deliver services through the Internet which are

identified by a name which enables the services of this company to be distinguished

from those of any other company, co-existence shall not be authorised when the

applicant for the domain name is the first to request it and owns a trademark for

Internet services which is identical to the domain name requested.

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

In order to also avoid abuses, authorisations to use ".ad" shall be limited to a maximum

of three domain names per person (this limit may however be exceeded should certain

conditions be met). With the same objective, authorisation to use ".ad" as a domain

name is non-transferrable, which means that domain names under the top level domain

name ".ad" cannot be transferred.

In order to facilitate management of a large number of electronic mail accounts,

agencies which control an electronic mail server and assign and maintain such

accounts may obtain authorisation to use a domain name under the top level domain

name ".ad" as an electronic mail server, which implies the authorisation to assign

electronic mail accounts under this domain name providing that certain conditions are

met.

Given the particularities involved in the use of ".ad" in domain names, on 6th September

2000 the Minister of the Presidency and Economy proposed that the Government

approve the following Implementing Regulations Governing Apllication of the Use of

State Signs Law for Use of ".ad" as Part of a Domain Name.

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter I General provisions

Rule 1: Definitions Rule 2: Specific uses of ".ad", the subject of these regulations

Chapter II Application for authorisation to use ".ad" in a domain name

Rule 3: Filing an application for authorisation to use ".ad" Rule 4: Content of application for authorisation Rule 5: Requirements for applicants Rule 6: Requirements for applicants whose domain name is an electronic mail server

Chapter III Examination of applications for authorisation to use ".ad" in a domain name

Rule 7: Examination of application for authorisation Rule 8: Coexistence of identical domain names Rule 9: Limits on the number of authorisations granted per person Rule 10: Issue of authorisations

Chapter IV Updating, expiry, renewal and repeal of authorisation to use ".ad" in a domain name

Rule 11: Compulsory notification of changes of name or address Rule 12: Requirements to be met during the period authorisation of use is in effect Rule 13: Expiry of authorisation Rule 14: Renewal of authorisation Rule 15: Revocation of authorization

Chapter V Obligations of the agency responsible for assigning domain names under the top-level domain name ".ad"

Rule 16: Obligations of the agency responsible for assigning domain names under the top-level domain name ".ad"

Transitional provisions

Final provision

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

CHAPTER I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Rule 1. Definitions

1. A domain name is in alphanumerical address code resulting from a contract for

services entered into by an agency responsible for assigning domain names and an

applicant for a domain name, which may be used to access an electronic address

and/or an electronic mail server. A domain name consists of a top level domain

name, a second level domain name and, when appropriate, sub-domains and/or

domain names of lower than second level, separated by a dot.

2. "ad" is the abbreviated form of the name "Principat d'Andorra" as established in Rule

3166 of the International Standardisation Organisation (ISO-3166). The abbreviated

form ".ad" is a top level domain name which corresponds to the country code for the

Principat d'Andorra.

3. A domain name beneath the top level domain name ".ad" is an alphanumerical

address code resulting from a contract for services entered into by an agency

responsible for assigning and maintaining domain names under the top level domain

name ".ad" and an applicant for a domain name.

4. An electronic mail code is an alphanumerical address code used to of access an

electronic mail box. An electronic mail code consists of an account name, the sign

@ and a domain name.

Rule 2. Specific uses of ".ad", the subject of these regulations

1. These Regulations develop the use of State Signs Law for use of the abbreviated

form of the name "Principat d'Andorra", ".ad" as the top level domain name in a

domain name.

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

2. Any other use of "ad" as an abbreviated form of the name "Principat d'Andorra" is

subject to the Implementing Regulations Governing Application of the Use of State

Signs Act.

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

CHAPTER II

APPLICATION FOR AUTHORISATION TO USE ".AD" IN A DOMAIN NAME

Rule 3. Filing an application for authorisation to use ".ad"

1. Application for authorisation to use ".ad" as the top level domain name in a domain

name must be filed with the ministry in charge of authorisations for use of State

signs (the appropriate ministry) by the person wishing to be assigned this domain

name and using the form specified by the ministry for this purpose.

2. Application for authorisation to use ".ad" as the top level domain name in a domain

name is subject to prior payment of the fee set by the Government.

Rule 4. Content of application for authorisation

All applications referred to in Rule 3.1. shall contain the following information:

a) A proposed complete domain name for which authorisation to use ".ad" is being

sought. This proposal shall meet the following requirements:

i) the second level domain name or, if applicable, any levels lower than the second

level, may only be formed by the letters "a", "b", "c", "d", "e", "f", "g", "h", "i", "j",

"k", "l", "m", "n","o", "p", "q", "r", "s", "t", "u", "v", "w", "x", "y" and "z", with no

distinction between upper and lower case letters and with no accent signs, and/or

by Arabic numerals. A hyphen ("-") may be used, but it shall not be either the first

or last character of a domain name.

ii) second-level domain names, or domain names of any level lower than second-

level shall consist of a minimum of 3 characters and a maximum of 64.

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

iii) second-level domain names shall not consist exclusively of words inherent to the

Internet environment, such as: "internet", "web", "portal", "online", "wap", "clic",

"com", "edu", "arpa", "gov", "org", "mil", "int", "net", "telnet", "bbs", "tcp", "dns",

"wais", "email", "www", "ftp", "smtp", "http", "mbone", "ietf", "rfc", "info", "nom",

"firm", "arts", "store", "shop", "home" or "news.

b) If the applicant is a physical person, his/her name and last name or name(s), and if

the applicant is a legal entity, the complete name of the organisation and the name

and last name(s) and title of its legal representative.

c) The applicant's home and post addresses and, if applicable", his/her

electronic mail address.

d) A statement that the domain name will be used as a domain name in an electronic

address and/or as a domain name for an electronic mail server, and that the domain

name for which application is being filed shall be used under the top level domain

name ".ad", in one of the following forms:

i) as a trademark for Internet services, i.e. as a sign to distinguish between the

services of one undertaking and those of any other undertaking.

ii) in relation to a trademark, i.e. in order to engage in such Internet activities as

providing information, advertising, or making transactions related to the goods or

services for which the trademark is registered.

iii) to identify a commercial activity to be carried out over the Internet

iv) for private company or individual use on the Internet.

v) for private use of nonprofit organisations on Internet.

e) If the applicant states that use will be in accordance with subparagraph d) i) or ii) of

this rule, the pertinent trademark registration number.

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

f) If the applicant states that use will be in accordance with subparagraph d)iii), the

registration number of the business name.

g) The applicant's signature.

Rule 5. Requirements for applicants

Applicants for authorisation as described in Rule 3, must meet the following

requirements:

a) If, in accordance with Rule 4.d)i), the applicant states that that domain name will be

used as a trademark for Internet services, the applicant must be the owner or

exclusive licensee of a trademark registered in Andorra for Internet services, which

has been the object of a substantive examination by the Trademark Office of the

Principality of Andorra (OMPA) in accordance with the provisions relative to

substantive examinations contained in the Implementing Regulations of the

Trademark Law and the Trademark Office Fees Law of 10 May 2000, or any other

legal or regulatory provision subsequent to this date which further develops this

matter. The trademark shall be identical to the second or lower level domain name

sought.

b) If, in accordance with Rule 4.d)ii), the applicant states a use in Internet in relation

with a trademark, the applicant shall be the owner or exclusive licensee of a

trademark registered in Andorra for the goods or services referred to in his

statement and this trademark shall be identical to the second or, if applicable, lower

level domain name sought.

c) If, in accordance with Rule 4.d)iii), the applicant states that the domain name applied

for will be used to identify a commercial activity to be carried out over the Internet,

the applicant shall be the owner of a business name registered in Andorra, which

name shall be identical to the second or, if applicable, lower level domain name

sought.

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

d) If, in accordance with Rule 4.d)iv), the applicant states that the domain name

applied for will be used for private purposes on the Internet, the second or, if

applicable, lower level domain name sought shall consist of the applicant's first

name or initial followed by the surname or else the first name followed by the

surname or its initial. Numbers may be added to these names. If the applicant is a

legal entity, the domain name shall consist of the name of the entity which is

registered in Andorra and may or may not include the abbreviation of the company's

legal form. The domain name shall contain the subdomain ".nom" between the

second level domain name and the top level domain name ".ad".

e) If, in accordance with Rule 4.d) v), the applicant states that the domain name

applied for will be used on the Internet for private purposes by a nonprofit

organisation, the second or, if applicable, lower level domain name sought shall

consist of the name of the nonprofit organisation. The domain name shall contain

the subdomain ".nom" between the second level domain name and the top level

domain name ".ad".

Rule 6. Requirements for applicants if the domain name is for an electronic mail

server

1. If the domain name for which authorisation to use ".ad" is sought is an electronic

mail server, the appropriate ministry shall grant authorisation to use ".ad" on

condition that the electronic mail code account names assigned under this domain

name fulfil the requirements established in Paragraph 2 of this rule; each such

account name shall be different and they shall consist exclusively of one of the

following signs:

a) The first name or initial followed by the surname, or else the name followed by

the surname or its initial, of the physical person to whom the account is assigned.

Numbers may be added to these names.

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

b) The company name registered in Andorra of the legal entity to which the account

is assigned. This name may or may not include the abbreviation indicating the

legal form of the company.

c) The trade name registered in Andorra, the owner of which shall be the person to

whom the account name is assigned.

d) The trademark registered in Andorra, the owner or exclusive licensee of which

shall be the person to whom the account is assigned. Numbers may be added to

this mark.

e) A fantasy name as long as it fulfils the requirement not to be identical to a

distinctive sign protected in Andorra by an intellectual property or other right and

the requirement not to be similar or likely to create a risk of confusion in the

minds of the public between this sign and any sign protected in Andorra by an

intellectual property or other right.

2. The signs which constitute the electronic mail code account name referred to in

Paragraph 1 of this rule must meet the following requirements:

a) The account name may be formed only by the letters "a", "b", "c", "d", "e", "f", "g",

"h", "i", "j", "k", "l", "m", "n","o", "p", "q", "r", "s", "t", "u", "v", "w", "x", "y" and "z",

with no distinction between upper and lower case letters and with no accent

signs, and/or by Arabic numerals. A dot (".") and/or a hyphen ("-" and "_") may be

used, but they shall not be either the first or last character of a domain name.

b) The account name shall consist of a minimum of 3 characters and a maximum of

64.

3. The agency which controls an electronic mail server and assigns or maintains an

account shall under no circumstances be responsible by virtue of assigning or

maintaining this account, for any violation of intellectual property or other rights or

legitimate interests which may derive from such violation.

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

CHAPTER III

EXAMINATION OF APPLICATIONS

FOR AUTHORISATION TO USE ".AD" IN A DOMAIN NAME

Rule 7. Examination of application for authorisation

1. The appropriate ministry shall examine the application for authorisation to use ".ad"

as the top level domain name in a domain name in order to determine if the

application has been presented in accordance with the conditions established in

Rule 3, contains the information stipulated in Rule 4 and if, subject to the criterion

established in Paragraph 2 of this rule, the applicant fulfils the requirements

established in Rule 5.

2. In order to determine whether the second level domain name applied for is identical

to one of the distinctive signs referred to in Rule 5, whether or not the distinctive sign

does or does not contain the ending ".ad" shall not be taken into consideration.

3. The appropriate ministry shall refuse, stating the motives for refusal, all applications

for authorisation to use ".ad" as a top level domain name in a domain name should

one of the following circumstances exist.

a) If the application has not been presented in accordance with the conditions

established in Rule 3.

b) If the application does not include some of the information established in Rule 4

or its content does not fulfil the requirements established in that same rule.

Rule 8. Co-existence of identical domain names

1. Except in those cases referred to in Paragraph 2 of this rule, the appropriate ministry

shall refuse applications for authorization to use ".ad" as the top level domain name

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

if the domain name applied for is identical to a domain name for which authorisation

for use has been granted and remains in effect.

2. Notwithstanding the provision of Paragraph 1 of this rule, the appropriate ministry

shall not refuse application for authorization to use ".ad" as the top level domain

name in a domain name for the uses according to Rule 4.d) i), ii) or iii) on the

grounds that it is identical to a domain name already authorised for the uses

according to Rule 4.d) ii) or iii).

Rule 9. Limits on the number of authorisations to use domain names granted

per person

1. Except in the case referred to in Paragraph 2 of this rule, the appropriate ministry

may grant a maximum of three authorisations per person to use ".ad" as the top

level domain in a domain name.

2. The appropriate ministry may exceed the limit per person established in Paragraph

1 of this rule if the second or, if applicable, lower level domain name applied for is

identical to a trademark registered in Andorra, and of which the applicant is the

owner or exclusive licensee.

3. Authorisation to use ".ad" as the top level domain name in a domain name is non­

transferrable.

Rule 10. Issue of authorisations

1. If the application for authorisation to use ".ad" as the top level domain name in a

domain name is not refused, the appropriate ministry shall grant the authorisation

applied for and shall send it by regular post to the applicant's postal address and, if

applicable, by electronic mail to the applicant's electronic mail address.

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

2. If the authorisation referred to in Paragraph 1 of this rule is issued for the domain

name of an electronic mail server, authorisation to use ".ad" as the top level domain

in a domain name includes authorisation to allocate account names under this

domain name.

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

CHAPTER IV

UPDATING, EXPIRY, RENEWAL AND REVOCATION

OF AUTHORISATION TO USE ".AD" IN A DOMAIN NAME

Rule 11. Compulsory notification of changes of name or address

If the person who has been authorised to use ".ad" as the top level domain name in a

domain name changes his/her name, postal or electronic mail addresses, he/she shall

notify the appropriate ministry of this change within 15 days from the date of the

change, using the form designated by the ministry for this purpose.

Rule 12. Requirements to be met during the period authorisation use is in effect

During the entire period for which authorisation to use ".ad" as the top level domain in a

domain name is in effect, the authorised person shall continue to fulfil the requirements

established in Rule 5 and shall not use the authorisation for any purpose other than

those stated in accordance with Rule 4.d).

Rule 13. Expiry of authorisation

1. Authorisation to use ".ad" as the top level domain name in a domain name shall

expire two years from the date on which authorisation was granted.

2. Expiry of an electronic mail code account is set, if applicable, by formal agreement

between the agency which controls the electronic mail server and assigns and

maintains accounts and the person to whom the account is assigned, and shall not

necessarily coincide with the date of expiry of the authorisation to use ".ad" as the

top level domain name in the domain name of the electronic mail server on which

the account depends. Nevertheless, if the authorisation to use ".ad" as the top level

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

domain name in the domain name of the electronic mail server does expire, the

electronic mail accounts ascribed to this domain name shall not be used.

Rule 14. Renewal of authorisation

1. Application to renew an authorisation to use ".ad" as the top level domain name in a

domain name shall be presented within the three months prior to the authorisation's

expiry date and following payment of the renewal fee set by the Government.

2. Application to renew an authorisation to use ".ad" as the top level domain name in a

domain name shall contain the following information:

a) The number of the authorisation for use and/or the domain name for which

renewal of the authorisation to use ".ad" is sought.

b) The name and address of the person applying for renewal.

c) The signature of the person applying for renewal.

3. Should application to renew an authorisation to use ".ad" as the top level domain

name in a domain name fail to meet any of the requirements established in

Paragraphs 1 or 2 of this rule or if applicant for renewal is not the person to whom

authorisation was originally granted, or if the trademark, the exclusive licence or the

trade name on the basis of which the authorisation was granted in accordance with

Rule 5 a), b) or c) is no longer in effect and in the name of the applicant for renewal,

the appropriate ministry shall refuse to renew the authorisation.

4. If, in accordance with Paragraph 3 of this rule, authorisation to use ".ad" as the top

level domain name in a domain name cannot be renewed, the competent ministry

shall inform the applicant of its intent to not renew authorisation by regular post or

electronic mail so that the applicant may make the pertinent allegations or correct

any errors within a period of 2 months from the date of being informed that

authorisation shall not be renewed. Once the allegations or corrections have been

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

made, the appropriate ministry shall decide whether the authorisation shall be

renewed.

5. Should application for renewal of authorisation to use ".ad" as the top level domain

name in a domain name not be refused, the appropriate ministry shall issue the

renewal applied for and send it to the applicant's postal address.

Rule 15. Revocation of authorisation

The appropriate ministry shall revoke the authorisation to use ".ad" as the top level

domain name in a domain name if at any time it is revealed that any of the information

contained in the application, as required by Rule 4 or, if applicable, Rule 14, is false or

if it is revealed that the applicant does not fulfil the requirements established in Rule 5,

or if the authorised party fails to comply with the obligations stipulated in Rules 6, 11 or

12. Prior to revoking the authorisation, the appropriate ministry shall inform the person

authorised to use ".ad" of its intention to revoke the authorisation. Notification shall be

sent by regular and/or electronic mail. The authorised party shall then make the

pertinent allegations or correct any errors within a period of 2 months from the date of

being informed that authorisation is to be revoked. Once the allegations or corrections

have been made, the appropriate ministry shall decide whether the authorisation shall

be revoked.

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

CHAPTER V

OBLIGATIONS OF AGENCIES RESPONSIBLE FOR ASSIGNING

DOMAIN NAMES UNDER THE TOP-LEVEL DOMAIN NAME ".AD"

Rule 16. Obligations of agencies responsible for assigning domain names

under the top-level domain name ".ad"

In order to be able to use the abbreviated form of the name "Principat d'Andorra", ".ad",

to allocate and maintain a domain name under the top level domain ".ad" all agencies

authorised to assign domain names under the top level domain name ".ad" shall at all

times fulfil the following conditions:

a) The party who assigns and maintains the domain name shall prove authorisation by

the appropriate ministry to use ".ad" as the top level domain name in a domain

name at the moment a domain name is assigned and at all times during the period

this name is maintained, unless the domain name is assigned to an authority entitled

to use the State sign "Principat d'Andorra" or its abbreviated form, ".ad".

b) This party shall offer its customers a technical solution so that when an Internet user

enters a domain name under the top level domain ".ad" which has been assigned to

more than one person in accordance with Rule 8.2, there is an access system ­

such as a gateway containing data or information relative to the people to whom the

same domain name has been assigned, i.e. their name, address, business activity,

goods or services offered, a graphic mark or other elements - which enables the

Internet user to simply and quickly identify and access the final address desired.

c) If for technical reasons it is not possible to fulfil the obligation referred to in

Paragraph b) of this rule by a particular communication protocol or for domain

names to be used as domain names for electronic mail, and it happens that two or

more domain names must co-exist under the terms of Rule 8.2., these domain

names -for the particular protocol or for use as the domain name of an electronic

mail account name- shall be able to add a sub-domain between the second level

domain and the top level domain name".ad" which sub-domain shall consist of a

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

number ranging from "001" to the number of identical domain names which shall co­

exist.

TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

FIRST

All parties who have been assigned a domain name under the top level domain ".ad" at

the time these Regulations go into effect and do not have the corresponding

authorisation required by the Use of State Signs Act, shall have 6 months to obtain

authorisation to use ".ad" as the top level domain name for that domain name and

provide proof of this authorisation to the agency that maintains the domain name.

SECOND

All parties who have been assigned a domain name for private use at the time these

Regulations go into effect shall have a 6-month priority right to obtain authorisation to

use ".ad" as the top level domain name for that domain name, adding the sub-domain

".nom", without affecting adherence to the remainder of the provisions contained in

these Regulations.

THIRD

All agencies authorised to assign and maintain a domain name under the top level

domain name ".ad" shall have six months within which to comply with the obligations

established in Rule 16.

FOURTH

Under the terms of Article 3 of the Use of State Signs Act, failure to comply with any of

the requirements established in the first or third transitional provisions within six months

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Implementing regulations governing application of the use of state signs law for use of “.ad” as part of a domain name

of these Regulations taking effect shall entitle the Government to start disciplinary

proceedings against the applicant for the domain name and/or the agency responsible

for assigning and maintaining domain names, levying the fines stipulated in that article,

without affecting respect for all legally acquired rights.

FINAL PROVISION

These Regulations shall go into effect fifteen days after publication in the Official State

Gazette of the Principality of Andorra.

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