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Global Innovation Index

The Global Innovation Index (GII) takes the pulse of innovation against a background of an economic and geopolitical environment fraught with uncertainty. It reveals the most innovative economies in the world, ranking the innovation performance of around 132 economies while highlighting innovation strengths and weaknesses.

Envisioned to capture as complete a picture of innovation as possible, the Index comprises around 80 indicators, including measures on the political environment, education, infrastructure and knowledge creation of each economy.

The different metrics that the GII offers help to monitor performance and benchmark developments against economies within the same region or income group.

Robotics Industry Doubles since 2015

May 29, 2024

Current edition: Innovation in the face of uncertainty

The Global Innovation Index 2023 (GII) takes the pulse of global innovation trends against the background of an economic environment fraught with uncertainty. It reveals the ranking of this year’s most innovative economies in the world amongst 132 economies and localizes the top 100 science and technology innovation clusters.

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Previous editions of the Global Innovation Index

Global Innovation Index 2022

2022 – What is the future of innovation-driven growth?

The GII 2022 provided a stance on whether stagnation and low productivity growth are here to stay, or whether we are about to enter a new era, where new innovation spurts like the Digital Age and the Deep Science Innovation waves bring about an economic uplift.

Global Innovation Index 2021

2021 - Tracking Innovation through the COVID-19 Crisis

The GII 2021 drew on a select set of indicators, including the effects on research and development expenditures or access to innovation finance, to provide a perspective on the impact of COVID-19 on global innovation performance.

Global Innovation Index 2020

2020 – Who Will Finance Innovation?

The GII 2020 shed light on the state of innovation financing by investigating the evolution of existing mechanisms and pointing to progress and remaining challenges.

Global Innovation Index 2019

2019 – The Future of Medical Innovation

The GII 2019 analyzed the medical innovation landscape of the next decade, looking at how technological and non-technological medical innovation will transform the delivery of healthcare worldwide.

GII Innovation Insights

Each month, we take a deep dive into one determinant of innovation that constitutes the Global Innovation Index (GII), often together with the GII data collaborators. In this blog, we unveil unique Innovation Insights, untangling the complexities, and driving forces of the most or up-and-coming innovation nations.

GII Innovation talks

Step into the world of innovation trends and gain practical insights on what drives successful innovation. In each episode, we ask top-notch experts from various industries to unravel valuable perspectives on topical innovation insights, igniting inspiration to shape the future.

Young People Are Innovating for Change: Scientist and Inventor Gitanjali Rao
April 22, 2024

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Shooting for the Stars: Aisha Bowe on Bridging the Gender Gap in STEM
October 21, 2023

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Boom or Bust: Cecilia Zhao on the State of Innovation Finance
September 20, 2023

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Ethics Matters: Alena Buyx Explains Benefits of Ethically Responsible Innovation
July 20, 2023

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About the Global Innovation Index

Since its inception in 2007, the GII has shaped the innovation measurement agenda and become a cornerstone of economic policymaking, with an increasing number of governments systematically analyzing their annual GII results and designing policy responses to improve their performance.

Published anually, the core of the GII provides performance measures and ranks 132 economies on their innovation ecosystems. The Index is built on a rich dataset – the collection of 81 indicators from international public and private sources – going beyond the traditional measures of innovation since the definition of innovation has broadened.

In addition, the GII identifies the world’s top 100 science and technology clusters.

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What is the Global Innovation Index?

Video: What is the Global Innovation Index (GII)?

General enquiries

General enquiries relating to the GII, including from students, academics, journalists and others, may be sent to the GII Team at WIPO. GII-related communications from Member States relating to innovation performance, the state of their economy’s innovation metrics or related GII assistance requests should be directed to the Assistant Director General, IP and Innovation Ecosystems Sector, World Intellectual Property Organization 34, chemin des Colombettes CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland and the GII Team at WIPO.