We cooperate with intellectual property (IP) offices from around the world to provide our stakeholders with up-to-date IP statistics. We also publish statistical reports on worldwide IP activity and on the use of WIPO-administered treaties in the protection of IP rights internationally.
Reliable IP statistics are an important tool in understanding trends in business and technology and in the use of the IP system worldwide and across different countries.
IP data published in these pages are taken from the WIPO Statistics Database. The database contains:
- data provided by national/regional IP offices for WIPO's Annual IP Data Survey. The data are collected at an aggregate level by various breakdowns (e.g. number of patent filings or grants by office and origin, etc.). A continuing effort is made to improve the quality and availability of IP statistics. It is difficult to obtain data for all IP offices with all possible breakdowns, however every effort is made to cover data for as many offices and countries as possible; and
- data compiled by WIPO during the application process of international filings through the Patent Cooperation Treaty, the Madrid System and the Hague System.
In addition, indicators of patent families and fields of technology are developed by WIPO based on data from the PATSTAT database, which is maintained by the European Patent Office.
IP data reported in these pages are based on the following concepts:
- Country of origin: used to categorize IP data by resident (domestic) and non-resident (foreign). The residence of the first-named applicant (or inventor) recorded in the IP document (e.g. patent or trademark application) is used to classify IP data by country of origin.
- Resident and non-resident: a resident IP filing refers to an application filed by an applicant at its national IP office. For example, an application filed by an applicant resident of Japan at the IP office of Japan is considered as a resident filing for Japan IP office data. Similarly, a non-resident filing refers to an IP application filed by an applicant at a foreign IP office. For example, an application filed at the IP office of China by an applicant residing in France is considered a non-resident filing for China IP office data. The IP grant (registration) data are based on the same concept.
- Filing and grant date: the IP filing data are based on the date of filing. The IP grant (registration) data are based on the date of grant (registration). The IP data by field of technology are based on the date of publication and the patent families data are based on the priority (or first filing) date.
By using WIPO’s statistical data, users agree not to republish or commercially re-sell WIPO’s statistical datasets. In addition, when employing WIPO’s statistical data in any written work, users shall cite “WIPO Statistics Database” as the source of the data.