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WIPO Pearl - User Guide

- A -

abbreviated form
any abbreviation, short form, initialism, acronym or clipped term
abbreviation only
enables the user to restrict a query to terms to which the value abbreviated form has been attributed
adjective; value of part of speech field
adverb; value of part of speech field
term currently used within the scientific and technical community and for which a reliable source has been documented
associative relation
relation that exists when there is a thematic (non-hierarchical) connection between two concepts. Examples of associative relations include material-product, process-instrument, cause-effect
term the use of which is strongly discouraged on account of its inherent ambiguity, lack of standardization or because it is deprecated

- C -

chemical name
scientific name for a chemical substance
common name
synonym for a scientific name that is used in general discourse in a given language
unit of knowledge comprising a unique combination of characteristics
concept cloud
diagram suggesting relationships between concepts not yet linked to other concepts in a specific area of scientific or technical knowledge. The suggestions are made by a machine learning algorithm trained on the corpus of validated contexts and concept relationships in WIPO Pearl.
concept map
diagram illustrating the relationships existing between concepts in a specific area of scientific or technical knowledge
concept path
the path between two concepts in a concept map, showing all the related concepts in between. Terms found in a concept path can be exported to PATENTSCOPE for use in a combined keyword search
text that illustrates a concept or the use of a term

- D -

explains the meaning of a term
definition source
source from which the definition is taken

- E -

exact search
enables the user to restrict a query to terms that fully match the query or that contain the queried term

- F -

feminine; value of gender field
figures, symbols or the like used to designate a concept such as a mathematical or chemical formula
full form
complete representation of a term for which an abbreviated form exists
full record view
shows the full terminological record for a concept in the languages selected

- G -

gender of a term, i.e. masculine, feminine or neuter
generic name
non-proprietary name with which a certain type of product or service is identified as distinct from its trade or brand name
generic relation
hierarchical relation that exists between two concepts when the scope of the narrower concept (specific concept) includes the scope of the broader concept (generic concept) plus at least one additional characteristic. For example, in computer science, an optical mouse (specific concept) is a type of mouse (generic concept)
geographical variant
alternative spelling of a term identified as belonging to a specific geographical area in which a variant of a language is spoken
diagram, picture, movie or other audiovisual material used to illustrate the concept
graphic source
source from which a graphic is taken

- H -

head term
preferred designation for a concept

- M -

masculine; value of gender field

- N -

noun; value of part of speech field
neuter; value of gender field
number of a term, i.e. singular, plural, uncountable

- O -

term that is no longer in common use
original entry language (OEL)
language that originally prompted the creation of a record; may also indicate language-specific concepts

- P -

part of speech
grammatical category of a term, i.e. adjective, adverb, noun or verb
partitive relation
hierarchical relation that exists between two concepts when the broader concept (comprehensive concept) represents a whole whilst the narrower concept (partitive concept) represents a part of that whole. For example, in anatomy, the retina, pupil and iris (partitive concepts) are parts of the eye (comprehensive concept)
plural; value of number field
proposed term
term for a concept for which no specific designation is documented in a reliable source in the scientific and technical literature of a given language; or new term created by the PCT Translation Service, WIPO

- R -

term that the PCT Translation Service, WIPO, recommends for use to designate a concept in a specific subject field
termbase entry that treats a single specific concept and contains terms designating that concept in a minimum of 2 languages and a maximum of 10
reliable source
any text in which a term occurs that was originally drafted by a subject field expert in the language in question; reliable sources include, for example, patents, scientific and technical articles and textbooks, academic papers
results view
shows the results of the query

- S -

scientific name
term which is part of an international scientific nomenclature as adopted by an appropriate scientific body
search concept
allows the user to search for a term directly in the concept maps
search term
allows the user to search for a term in term and transcription fields; the logic operators AND, OR, NOT, and the asterisk (*), the question mark (?) and the quotation marks (“”) are also supported
singular; value of number field
source from which a context is taken
source language
any language from amongst the 10 languages available from which the search is conducted
spelling variant
alternative spelling for a term that is not associated with a specific geographical area
term that has been standardized by a standardizing body
area of scientific or technical knowledge that is more specific than the broader subject field to which a concept is assigned
subject field
area of scientific or technical knowledge to which a concept is assigned
any admitted designation that represents the same concept as the head term

- T -

target language
any language from amongst the 10 languages available in which an equivalent is sought
designation that represents a concept in a specific subject field
term description
provides information about the term and its usage; possible values for this field are: abbreviated form, chemical name, common name, formula, full form, generic name, geographical variant, scientific name, spelling variant, and unit
term note
provides etymological and phraseological information, information on term usage, frequent collocations of the term, and similar points of interest
term reliability
score that assigns a reliability rating to a given term according to the following criteria:
  1. no reliable source, validation by PCT Translation Service, WIPO
  2. no reliable source, validation by PCT Translation Service, WIPO, and by external subject field experts
  3. reliable source, validation by PCT Translation Service, WIPO
  4. reliable source, validation by PCT Translation Service, WIPO, and by external subject field experts
term type
indicates whether for a given concept the term in question should be regarded as the preferred term (head term) or not (synonym)
alternative form of a term resulting from an operation whereby the characters of one writing system are represented by characters from another writing system
transfer comment
provides information on the degree of equivalence between a term in one language and another term in another language to designate a given concept

- U -

uncountable, i.e. mass noun; value of number field
unit of measurement or quantity measured
usage label
level of acceptance of a term within the scientific and technical community; possible values for this field are: allowed, avoid, obsolete, proposed term, recommended, standardized

- V -

verb; value of part of speech field
variant code
ISO code for a specific geographical variant

- W -

Statistical machine translation system devised by WIPO experts and trained on the corpus of patent titles and abstracts available in PATENTSCOPE