World Intellectual Property Organization

Jamaica

The Registration of Business Names Act

 

 


THE REGISTRATION OF BUSINESS NAMES ACT

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
  1. Short title.

  2. Interpretation.

  3. Firms and individuals carrying on business under business name to be registered.

  4. Nominee or Trustee firms, etc.

  5. Duties of the firms or persons who are required by this Act to be registered.

  6. The signatories of the “Statement”.

  7. Registration.

  8. Duties of firms or persons where any change occurs in parti-culars.

  9. Punishment of firm or person making default as to particulars.

  10. Disability of defaulter to sue on his contracts.

  11. Punishment for false statements.

  12. Powers of Registrar.

  13. Duties of Registrar.

  14. Index of firms and persons.

  15. Duty of firm or person which ceases to carry on business.

  16. Registrar may refuse to register, etc., in certain cases.

  17. The Registrar and Office of Registration.

  18. Inspection of documents filed by Registrar.

  19. Minister may make rules concerning certain matters.

  20. Trade catalogues and circulars, show cards and business letters.

  21. Offending Corporation.

  22. Certificates, etc., exempt from stamp duty.

  23. Remuneration for duties performed.

SCHEDULE

me inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N.480/1973]

THE REGISTRATION OF BUSINESS cap.3380

Acb

NAMES ACT 42 of1969 3rd I&.

10 of1975,

[Zst October, 1934.1 34of1979,

31ofI995

s.4.

1. This Act may be cited as the Registration of Sborttitle. Business Names Act.

2.41) In this Act- Interpreta-tion.

“business” includes profession; “business name” ineans the name or style under which any business is carried on, whether in partnership or otherwise; “business by way of trade” means any business of selling by wholesale or retail goods or merchandise of any class or description whatsoever at any place, whether such business is carried on at any place exclusive of any other business or in conjunction with, or in addition to, any other business or any profession or vocation :

Provided that it shall not include-

(a) the business of buying and selling livestock;

(b)
any of the businesses or occupations mentioned in paragraphs (b) and (e) of subsection (1) of section 3 of the Licences on Trades and Business Act; and
(c)
any retail business the gross value of the premises in which the business is carried on does not amount to twenty dollars,

if in any such case the business is not carried on in conjunction with any other business by way of trade;

ebe&&on ofthis pageis authorized by L.N.95 / 1997

“trader” means every individual or firm carrying on

“business by way of trade” in Jamaica; “Christian name” includes any forename; “firm” means an unincorporate body of two or more

individuals, or one or more individuals and one or more corporations, or two or more corporations, who have entered into partnership with one another with a view to carrying on business for profit, but shall not include any unincorporated company which was in existence on the seventeenth day of June eighteen hundred and sixty-four;

“foreign firm” means any firm, individual, or corporation whose principal place of business is situated outside the Commonwealth;

“individual” means a natural person and shall not include a corporation; “initials” includes any recognized abbreviation of a Christian name; “showcards” means cards containing or exhibiting articles dealt with, or samples or representations thereof.

(2)
In the case of a peer or person usually known by a British title different from his surname, the title by which he is known shall be substituted in this Act for his surname.
(3)
References in this Act to a former Christian name or surname shall not, in the case of Commonwealth citizens, include a former Christian name or surname where that name or surname has been changed or disused before the person bearing the name had attained the age of eigh-teen years, and, in the case of a married woman, shall not include the name or surname by which she was known pre-vious to the marriage.
(4)
References in this Act to change of name shall not include, in the case of Commonwealth citizens, a change

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 951 19971

of name which has taken place before the person whose name has been changed has attained the age of eighteen years; or in the case of a peer or a person usually known by a British title different from his surname, the adoption of or succession to the title.

3. Subject to the provisions of this Act- Firms and

individuals

(a) every firm having a place of business in Jamaica carryingon

business

and carrying on business under a business name under which does not consist of the true surnames of E$;;be all partners who are individuals and the corporate registered. names of all partners who are corporations with- out any addition other than the true Christian names of individual partners or initials of such Christian name;

(b)
every individual having a place of business in Jamaica and carrying on business under a business name which does not consist of his true surname without any addition other than his true Christian names or the initials thereof;
(c)
every individual or firm having a place of business in Jamaica, who or a member of which has either before or after the commencement of this Act changed his name, except in the case of a woman in consequence of marriage;
(d)
every trader having a place of business in Jamaica,

shall be registered in the manner directed by this Act: Provided that-

(i)
where the addition merely indicates that the business is carried on in succession to a former owner of the business, that addition shall not in itself render registration necessary; and
(ii)
where two or more individual partners have the same surname, the addition of an s at the end of that surname shall not of itself render registra- tion necessary; and

meinclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480119731 Nomineeor trustee

firms,etc.

Schedule.

Dutiesofthe firmsor personswho are required

by thisAct to be

registered.

REGISTRATION OF BUSINESS NAMES

(iii) where the business is carried on by a trustee in bankruptcy or a receiver or manager appointed by any court, registration shall not be necessary; and

(iv) a purchase or acquisition of property by two or more persons as joint tenants or tenants in com- mon is not of itself to be deemed carrying on a business whether or not the owners share any profits arising from the sale thereof.

4. Where a firm, individual, or corporation having

place of business in Jamaica carries on the business wholly or mainly as nominee or trustee of or for another person, or other persons, or another corporation, or acts as general agent for any foreign firm, the first-mentioned firm, individual, or corporation shall be registered in manner provided by this Act, and, in addition to the other parti- culars required to be furnished and registered, there shall be furnished and registered the particulars mentioned in the Schedule :

Provided that where the business is carried on by a trustee in bankruptcy or a receiver or manager appointed by any court, registration under this section shall not be necessary.

5-41) Every firm or person required under this Act to be registered shall furnish by sending by post or delivering to the Registrar at the register office a statement in writing

in the prescribed form containing the following particulars :

(a)
The business name.
(b)
The general nature of the business.
(c)
The principal place of the business.
(d)
Where the registration to be effected is that of a firm, the present Christian name and surname; any former Christian name or surname, the

nhe inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480/1973]

nationality, and if that nationality is not the nationalty of origin, the nationalty of origin, the usual residence, and the other business occupation (if any) of each of the individuals who are partners, and the corporate name and registered or principal office of every corporation which is a partner.

Where the registration to be effected is that of an individual, the present Christian name and surname, any former Christian name or surname the nationality, and if that nationality is not the nationality of origin, the nationality of origin, the usual residence, and the other business occupation (if any) of such individual.

Where the registration to be effected is that of a Corporation or includes a corporation its cor-porate name and registered office.

If the business is commenced after the 1st October 1934, the date of the commencement of the business.

(2)
Where a business is carried on under two or more business names, each of those business names must be stated.
(3)
Every trader shall in addition to the particulars already mentioned furnish to the Registrar the following additional particulars-
(a)
The place or places where each and every branch of the business by way of trade is carried on.
(b)
Three photographs of the individual, or in the case of a firm,of each of the individuals who are partners. Where there is more than one place of business one extra photograph of each individual or of each of the individuals who are partners

me inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480/1973]

shall be supplied in respect of each place of

business or branch after the first or principal

place of business.

(c) The photograph to be furnished under this section shall be signed, by the individual furnishing the same, before the Registrar or a Justice or Notary Public or a Collector of Taxes or a Solicitor and shall clearly show the features of the individual to the satisfaction of the Registrar and shall be of such size and taken within such time prior to delivery to the Registrar as may be approved by the Registrar.

The 6. The statement required for the purpose of registra-

signatories

of the tion must in the case of an individual be signed by him

“statement”, and in the case of a corporation by a director or secretary thereof, and in the case of a trader being a firm by all the individuals who are partners, and by a director or the secretary of all corporations which are partners and in the case of a firm not being a trader either by all the individuals who are partners and by a director or the secretary of some corporation which is a partner, or by some individual who is a partner, or a director or the secretary of some corporation which is a partner, and in either of the last two cases must be verified by statutory declaration made by the signatory :

Provided that no such statutory declaration stating that any person other than the declarant is a partner, or omit-ting to state that any person other than as aforesaid is a partner, shall be evidence for or against any such other person in respect of his liability or non-liability as a partner, and that the Supreme Court or a Judge thereof may on application of any person alleged or claiming to be a partner, direct the rectification of the register and decide any ques-tion arising under this section.

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480/1973]

Provided further that in any proceedings between the registered owner or owners of any business by way of trade and any person who having failed to effect registration of his interest in such business as required by this Act claims to be interested in the said business as a partner, owner or co-owner, the particulars registered in accordance with the provisions of this Act shall be conclusive evidence as between such parties of the ownership of the business unless such unregistered person shall establish to the satisfaction of the Court that the omission to register was not due to any default on his part or was occasioned by any inadvertence or mistake and in each case that there was no intention on his part to conceal his interest in the said business.

7.41) Every registration and every renewal of registra-RC~~S~W~OXI. tion, shall be effected, and shall remain valid, for a period of three years from the date of the certificate of registration, and shall thereafter in accordance with the provisions of this Act, be renewed from time to time for successive periods, each of three years’ duration, for so long as the firm or individual is required to be registered under the provisions of this Act.

(2)
Every application for registration or for a renewal of registration shall be made to the Registrar in the prescribed form (which shall include the statement and particulars required by the provisions of section 5) and shall in each case be accompanied by the prescribed fee.
(3)
Every application for registration shall be made not later than fourteen days after the firm or individual commences any business in respect of which registration is required under this Act.
(4)
Every application for a renewal or registration shall be made at least fourteen days before the expiration of the current period of registration.

phe inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N.9511993

Duties of

firmsor per-

sonswhere

anychange

occurs in

patidam.

Puhent of firm or personmakingdefault as to particulars.

3111995

s.4.

REGISTRATION OF BUSINESS NAMES

(5)
Any firm or individual who, within the time provided for in subsection (4) has made application to the Registrar for a renewal of registration and whose current registration ceases to be valid while his application is being considered by the Registrar, shall nevertheless be deemed to continue to be registered for all the purposes of this Act pending the decision of the Registrar as to the renewal of the registration.
(6)
Save where the contrary is by this section pro-vided, all the provisions of this Act relating to registration shall apply to any application for, and to any grant of, a renewal of registration.

8. Whenever a change is made or occurs in any of the particulars registered in respect of any fmn or person, and

in case of a trader a change shall include the opening of any additional or substituted place of business or branch or the closing, disposal or discontinuance of any registered place of business or branch, such firm or person shall, within fourteen days, after such change, or such longer periods as the Regis-trar may, on application being made in any particular case, whether before or after the expiration of such fourteen days, allow, furnish by sending by post or delivery to the Registrar a statement in writing in the prescribed form specifying the nature and date of the change signed, and where necessary verified, in like manner as the statement required on registration.

9. If any firm or person by this Act required to furnish a statement of particulars or of any change in particulars shall without reasonable excuse make default in so doing in the manner and within the time specified by this Act, every partner in the firm or the person so in default shall be liable on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate to a fine not exceeding two hundred dollars for every day during which the default continues, and in default

_____ ---

[The inclusionof this page is authorized by L.N.95/ 19971

of payment of such fine to imprisonment with or without hard labour for a term not exceeding three months; and the court shall order a statement of the required particulars or change in the particulars to be furnished to the Registrar within such time as may be specified in the order.

10.-(1) Where any firm or person by this Act required Dirabilityof

defaulter to

to furnish a statement of particulars or of any change in sueonhir particulars shall have made default in so doing, then the contraotr* rights of that defaulter under or arising out of any contract made or entered into by or on behalf of such defaulter in relation to the business in respect to the carrying on of which particulars were required to be furnished at any time while he is in default shall not be enforceable by action or other legal proceeding either in the business name or otherwise :

Provided always as follows-

(a)
the default in furnishing the statement of parti- culars or any change in particulars is expressly raised by the other party to the action or other legal proceeding;
(b)
the defaulter may apply to the Court for relief against the disability imposed by this section, and the Court, on being satisfied that the default was accidental, or due to inadvertence, or some other sufficient cause, or that on other grounds it is just and equitable to grant relief, may grant such relief either generally, or as respect any particular contracts, on condition of the costs of the applica- tion being paid by the defaulter, unless the Court otherwise orders, and on such other conditions (if any) as the Court may impose, but such relief

inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 951 19971

Punirhmcat

for fllse

stattements.

shall not be granted except on such service and such publication of notice of the application as the Court may order, nor shall relief be given in respect of any contract if any party to the contract proves to the satisfaction of the Court that, if this Act had been complied with, he would not have entered into the contract;

(4 nothing herein contained shall prejudice the rights of any other parties as against the defaulter in res- pect of such contract as aforesaid;

(d)
if any action or proceeding shall be commenced by any other party against the defaulter to enforce the rights of such party in respect of such contract, nothing herein contained shall preclude the defaul- ter from enforcing in that action or proceeding, by way of counterclaim, set-off or otherwise, such rights as he may have against that party in respect of such contract.
(2)
In this section the expression “Court” means the “Supreme Court” or a Judge thereof:

Provided that, without prejudice to the power of the Supreme Court or a Judge thereof to grant such relief as aforesaid, if any proceeding to enforce any contract is commenced by a defaulter in a Resident Magistrate’s Court, the Resident Magistrate’s Court may, as respect that contract, grant such relief as aforesaid.

11. If any statement required to be furnished under this Act contains any matter which is false in any material parti- cular to the knowledge of any person signing it, that person shall, on summary conviction, before a Resident Magistrate, be liable to imprisonment with or without hard labour for a term not exceeding three months, or to a fine not exceed-

--._.-._-

mhe inclusion of thispage is authorized by L.N. 95/ 1993

ing eighty dollars, and in default of payment of such fine wig79

to imprisonment with or without hard labour for a term not

’*

2*

exceeding three months or to both such imprisonment and fine with imprisonment in default.

1241) The Registrar may require any person to furnish POW

to him such particulars as appear necessary to the Registrar Registrar.

for the purpose of ascertaining whether or not such person or the firm of which he is partner should be registered under this Act, or an alteration made in the registered particulars, and may also in the case of a corporation require the secretary or any other officer of a corporation performing the duties of secretary to furnish such particulars, and if any person when so required fails to supply such particulars as it is in his power to give, or furnishes particulars which are false in any material particular, he shall on summary convic- tion before a Resident Magistrate be liable to imprisonment with or without hard labour for a term not exceeding three months or to a fine not exceeding eighty dollars and in de- 34/1979 fault of payment of such fine to imprisonment with or with- ’. out hard labour for a term not exceeding three months or to both such imprisonment and fine with imprisonment in default.

(2) If from any information so furnished it appears to the Registrar that any firm or person ought to be regis- tered under this Act, or an alteration ought to be made in the registered particulars the Registrar may require the firm or person to furnish to him the required particulars within such time as may be allowed by the Registrar, but, where any default under this Act has been discovered from the infor- mation acquired under this section, no proceedings under this Act shall be taken against any person in respect of such default prior to the expiration of the time within which the firm or person is required by the Registrar under this section to furnish particulars to the Registrar.

inclusion ofthis page is authorized by L.N. 95119971 Duties of Registrar.

341 1979

s. 2.

3411979

s3(rxbr

REGISTRATION OF BUSINESS NAMES

1341) On receiving any application, statement or statutory declaration made in pursuance of this Act by any individual, firm, or corporation not being a trader, the Regis- trar shall cause the same to be filed, and he shall send by post or deliver a certificate of registration to every firm or person registering and the certificate or a certified copy thereof shall be kept exhibited, in a conspicuous position at the principal place of business of the firm or individual, and if not kept so exhibited, every partner in the firm, or the person, as the case may be, shall be liable on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate to a fine not ex- ceeding eighty dollars and in default of payment of such fine to imprisonment with or without hard labour for a term not exceeding three months.

(2)
On receiving any application, statement or statutory declaration made in pursuance of this Act by any trader, the Registrar shall cause the same to be filed and shall attach thereto a photograph of the individual, or in the case of a firm of the individuals who are partners therein, and shall send by post or deliver to the firm or person regis- tering as many certificates of registration as there are separate places of business or branches mentioned in the application, statement, or statutory declaration, and each such certificate shall have affixed thereto a photograph or photographs of the persons registered.
(3)
One of the certificates or a certified copy thereof with the photograph or photographs affixed shall be kept exhibited in a conspicuous position at every place of business or branch of the individual or the firm, and if not kept so exhibited, ekery partner in the firm, or the individual, as the case may be, shall be liable on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate to a fine not exceeding four hundred dollars and in default of payment of such fine to imprisonment with or without hard labour for a term not exceeding six months.

-_____ -___

inclusionofthis page is authorized by LN.95119973

14. At the register office hereinafter referred to the lndexof

filllts Md

Registrar shall keep an index of all the firms and persons persons.registered under this Act.

15.-(1) If any firm or individual registered under this Act Duty of ceases to carry on business, it shall be the duty of the persons who were partners in the firm at the time when it ceased ;hk$oy

to carry on business or of the individual or if he is dead his butin-. personal representative, within six months after the business has ceased to be carried on, to send by post or deliver to the Registrar notice in the prescribed form that the firm or individual has ceased to carry on business, and if any person whose duty it is to give such notice fails to do so within such time as aforesaid, he shall be liable on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate to a fine not exceeding eighty 3411979 dollars and in default of payment of such fine to imprison- ment with or without hard labour for a term not exceeding three months.

(2)
On receipt of such a notice as aforesaid the Registrar may remove the firm or individual from the register.
(3)
Where the Registrar has reasonable cause to believe that any firm or individual registered under this Act is not carrying on business he may send to the firm or individual by registered post a notice that, unless an answer is received to such notice within one month from the date thereof, the firm or individual may be removed from the register.
(4)
If the Registrar either receives an answer from the firm or individual to the effect that the firmor individual is not carrying on business or does not within one month after sending the notice receive an answer, he may remove the firmor individual from the register.

16.41) Where any business name under which the business of a firm or individual is carried on contains the *owaw. word “British” or any other word which, in the opinion of 2C;;ert.h

M.

-__ -__ --

[The inclusion-ofthis page is authorized by L.N. 951 19971

The Registrar

.nd.Oftigof

r;f$;;aon-

s.2.

~~

Registmr-

3411979

s.qam).

10/197S

s. 3.

REGISTRATION OF BUSINESS NAMES

the Registrar, is calculated to lead to the belief that the business is under British ownership or control, and the Registrar is satisfied that the nationality of the person bywhom the business is wholly or mainly owned or controlled is at any time such that the name is misleading, the Registrar shall refuse to register such business name or, as the case may be, remove such business name from the register but any person aggrieved by a decision of the Registrar under this provision may appeal to the Minister, whose decision shall be final.

(2) The registration of a business name under this Act shall not be construed as authorizing the use of that name if apart from such registration the use thereof could be prohibited.

17.The office of the Registrar of Companies shall be the office for the registration of firms and persons under this Act, and the Registrar of Companies shall be the Registrar for the purposes of this Act.

18. At any time after the 1st October, 1934, any person may inspect the documents filed by the Registrar on payment of such fee as may be prescribed for each inspection; and any person may require a certificate of the registration of any firm or person, or a copy of or extract from any regis-tered statement to be certified by the Registrar and there shall be paid for such certificate of registration, certified copy, or extract, such fees as may be prescribed.

~ti~~~f

A certificate of registration, or a copy of or extract from any statement registered under this Act, if duly certified to be a true copy or extract under the seal of the Registrar of Companies (whom it shall not be necessary to prove to be the Registrar) shall, in all legal proceedings, civil or criminal, be received in evidence.

_.______~______

frhe inclusion ofthispageis authorized(byL.N. 95/ 19971

19.-(1) The Minister may make rules concerning any of Minister

may make

the following matters- rules con-

cerning

(a) the fees to be paid to the Registrar for the purposes certain

matters.

of this Act; 3411979

s. 5.

(b)
the forms to be used under this Act;
(c)
the duties to be performed by the Registrar under this Act;
(d)
generally the conduct and regulation of registra- tion under this Act, and any matters incidental thereto.
(2)
All fees received in pursuance of any such rules shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund.

20.-(1) After the 1st October, 1934, every individual Trade

catalogues

and firm required by this Act to be registered shall, in all andcimu-trade catalogues, trade circulars, show cards, and business mrds

letters, on or in which the business name appears and which ;:;lA:iness are issued or sent by the individual or firm to any person in any part of the Commonwealth, have mentioned in legible

characters-

(a) in case of an individual, his present Christian name or the initials thereof and present surname, any former Christian name or surname, his nationality if he is not a Commonwealth citizen, and if his 4211969

nationality is not his nationality of origin, his 3rd Sch.

nationality of origin; and

(b) in the case of a firm, the present Christian names or the initials thereof and present surnames, any former Christian names and surnames, and the nationality if they are not Commonwealth citizens, 42/ 198 and if the nationality is not the nationality of 3rdsch* origin, the nationality of origin of all the partners in the firm or, in the case of a corporation being a partner, the corporate name;

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 57/1980]

341 1979

S. 6.

Offendingcorporation.

Certificates, etc., exempt from stamp duty.

Remunera-tion for duties per- formed.

REGISTRA TlON OF BUSINESS NAMES

(c)
in the case of any trader in addition to the fore- going every place or branch where the business by way of trade is carried on.
(2)
If default is made in compliance with this section the individual or, as the case may be, every member of the firm shall be liable on sumiiiary conviction before a Resident Magistrate for each offence to a fine not exceeding four hundred dollars, and in default of payment of such fine to imprisonment with or without hard labour for a term not exceeding six months :

Provided that no proceedings shall be instituted under this section except by or with the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions.

  1. Where a corporation is guilty of an offence under this Act every director, secretary, and officer of the corporation who is knowingly a party to the default shall be guilty of a like offence and liable to a like penalty.

  2. All certificates and certified copies given by the Regis- trar under this Act shall be exempt from stamp duty.

  3. There shall be paid in respect of the duties performed under this Act such remuneration as the Minister with the approval of the House of Representatives shall appoint.

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 57/1980]

(Section 4) SCHEDULE

Description of Firm, &c.

Where the firm, individual or corporation, required to be registered carries on business as nominee or trustee.

Where the firm, individual or corporation required to be registered Carries on business as general agent €or any foreign firm.

The additional particulars.

The present Christian name and sur-name, any former name, nationality, and, if that nationality is not the nationality of origin, the nationality of origin, and usual residence or, as the case may be, the corporate name, of every person, or corporation on whose behan the business is carried on: Provided that if the business is carried on under any trust and any of the beneficiaries are a class of children or other persons, a descrip-tion of the class shall be sufficient.

The business name and address of the firm or person as agent for whom the business is carried on: Provided that if the business is carried on as agent for three or more foreign firms it shall be sufficient to state the fact that the business is so carried on. specifying the countries in which such foreign firmscarry on business,

me inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480119731