World Intellectual Property Organization

Switzerland

Federal Law of December 19, 1986 on Unfair Competition (status as of July 1, 2012)

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Switzerland

Year of current version:2012
Date of entry into force of original text:March 1, 1988
Date of Text (Enacted):December 19, 1986
Type of Text:IP-related Laws: enacted by the Legislature
Subject Matter:Competition, Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights), Enforcement of IP and Related Laws, Geographical Indications, Undisclosed Information (Trade Secrets)
Notes:
The notification by Switzerland to the WTO under Article 63.2 of TRIPS states:
'The law contains provisions on unfair practices, proceedings and penalties under civil and criminal law and provisional measures.
For provisions relating to intellectual property, see:
-Art. 3: Definition of unfair practices.
-Art. 3(d): Measures designed to give rise to confusion with merchandise, works services or activities of others are unfair.
-Art. 4: Incitement to infringe or terminate a contract.
-Art. 5: The illicit exploitation of the work of others is unfair.
-Art. 5(b): Exploitation of the results of the work of others, knowing that the results in question were obtained or made accessible by improper means.
-Art. 5(c): Appropriating the result of the work of others via the use of reproduction techniques and exploiting it as it stands, without any corresponding input, constitutes an unfair practice (exploitation of the work of others).
-Art. 6: Betrayal of industrial or business secrets.
-Art. 10(2c): Action by the Confederation to protect Switzerland's reputation when persons having the right to institute proceedings reside in foreign countries.
-Art. 15: Safeguarding of industrial or business secrets (in civil law proceedings).
N.B. The definition of industrial and business secrets corresponds to that set out in Art. 39(1) of the TRIPS Agreement; it has been developed by case law.

The most recent amendments to this law are composed of:
-Articles 4, 4a and 23 were amended on October 7, 2005 and entered into effect on July 1, 2006 (RO 2006 2371) These amendments were required under the Federal Order approving and implementing the Council of Europe Criminal Law Convention on Corruption and the Additional Protocol thereto.

-Article 3o was amended on March 24, 2006 and entered into effect on April 1, 2007 (RO 2007 921) This amendment was issued pursuant to the Telecommunications Act (LTC).'
Available Texts: 
French

Loi fédérale du 19 décembre 1986 contre la concurrence déloyale (état le 1er juillet 2012) Loi fédérale du 19 décembre 1986 contre la concurrence déloyale (état le 1er juillet 2012), Complete document (pdf) [119 KB]

German

Bundesgesetz vom 19. Dezember 1986 gegen den unlauteren Wettbewerb (stand am 1. Juli 2012) Bundesgesetz vom 19. Dezember 1986 gegen den unlauteren Wettbewerb (stand am 1. Juli 2012), Complete document (pdf) [124 KB]

Italian

Legge federale del 19 dicembre 1986 contro la concorrenza sleale (stato 1° luglio 2012) Legge federale del 19 dicembre 1986 contro la concorrenza sleale  (stato 1° luglio 2012), Complete document (pdf) [116 KB]

Related Legislation:
WIPO Lex No.:CH226

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