World Intellectual Property Organization

Ecuador

Organic Law on Food Sovereignty

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Ecuador

Year of current version:2010
Date of entry into force of original text:May 5, 2009
Date of Text (Enacted):February 17, 2009
Type of Text:IP-related Laws: enacted by the Legislature
Subject Matter:Competition, Enforcement of IP and Related Laws, Genetic Resources, Patents (Inventions), Plant Variety Protection, Traditional Knowledge (TK), Transfer of Technology
Notes:
In accordance with Article 1, this law aims to ensure food security to inhabitants of Ecuador.

For provisions relating to the protection of traditional knowledge, see Part II, Chapter II 'Protection of Agricultural Biodiversity.'
Article 8, paragraph 2 specially states that in accordance with Article 402 of the Constitution of Ecuador, the germplasm, seeds, native plants and knowledge associated with them are conceived as ancestral heritage of the Ecuadorian people, therefore they are not patentable or not subject to the protection of intellectual property.

For provisions relating to transfer of technology , see Part II, Chapter III 'Research, Technical Assistance and Dialogue of Knowledge'
Available Texts: 
Spanish

Ley Orgánica del Régimen de la Soberanía Alimentaria Ley Orgánica del Régimen de la Soberanía Alimentaria, Complete document (pdf) [142 KB]

Related Legislation:
WIPO Lex No.:EC046

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