WIPO IP Statistics Data Center is an on-line service enabling access to WIPO’s statistical data on intellectual property (IP) activity worldwide. Users can select from a wide range of indicators and view or download the latest available as well as historical data according to their needs.
This service is intended to be a tool for IP professionals, researchers and policymakers worldwide.
Conditions of use
By using WIPO's statistical data, users agree not to republish or commercially re-sell WIPO's statistical datasets. In addition, when employing WIPO's statistics data in any written work, users shall cite "WIPO Statistics Database" as the source of the data.
This service is based on the WIPO Statistics Database which contains:
- data collected from national and regional IP offices;
- data generated from the international filing and registration systems administered by WIPO;
- data extracted/compiled from the Patstat database.
We use gross domestic product (GDP) and population data to compile intensity indicators. GDP and population data are taken from the World Development Indicators from the World Bank.
Indicators relating to patent families and patent publications/grants by technology are compiled from the Patstat database. When we receive new release of the Patstat database, we re-compile these indicators. This means that these indicators may change due to newly available data.
We collect data directly from offices through a set of questionnaires we send each year to all IP offices worldwide. The accuracy of data remains under the responsibility of the offices.
PCT system requires that the receiving offices send applications to the International Bureau within one month from their receipt. Therefore, PCT statistics based on filing date may be incomplete for the latest months and data may change when we update the database. We do not show data for the last three months for PCT indicators based on filing date for the purpose of avoiding misinterpretation.
WIPO’s Statistical Data Center covers the following types of indicators: patent, trademark, industrial design, utility model, as well as those under PCT, Madrid and Hague systems. Most indicators relating to patent, trademark, industrial design and utility model cover the period starting from 1980. For PCT, Madrid and Hague systems, we provide data starting from 2004. Data prior to those periods are available on request.
Information on which states are parties to the different WIPO treaties, including their date of accession, is available here for “PCT”, here for “Madrid”, and here for “Hague”. Please note that statistics by origin may include those for nonmembers of these systems, as applicants from nonmember states may under certain circumstances be eligible to file under these treaties.
- ARIPO – African Regional Intellectual Property Organization
- BOIP – Benelux Office for Intellectual Property
- EAPO – Eurasian Patent Organization
- EPO – European Patent Office
- OAPI – African Intellectual Property Organization
- OHIM – Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market
- USPTO – United States Patent and Trademark Office
- WIPO – World Intellectual Property Organization
This service, in principle, publishes raw data as collected. For some indicators, we also estimate world totals. In such case, the world total may be slightly higher than sum of data for all countries. For some indicators, we further provide group totals by regions, using the UN composition of geographical regions, or by income groups according to the latest classification from the World Bank. We use the residence of the first-named applicant as the origin of the application. Co-applicants are not considered.
Please note that for indicators relating to “PCT”, “Madrid” and “Hague”, missing values can always be equated to zero entries. However, for all other indicators, missing values may be either zero or “truly missing” due to non-submission of data from offices.
Reporting types for indicators relating to patents, trademarks, industrial designs and utility models
- Total count by filing office;
- Resident and non-resident count by filing office;
- Total count by applicant’s origin;
- Resident and abroad count by applicant’s origin;
- Count by filing office and by applicant’s origin.
These reporting types offer different perspective for users:
- Figures by filling office show where the right owners seek protection, whereas figures by origin show who seek protection. Statistics by both office and origin show actual flow of IP rights between countries.
- The term "resident" is used for filings made by applicants at their home office. The home office can be a national office and/or a regional office. The resident figures by origin may thus correspond to the sum of filings made at a national and a regional office.
- The terms "non-resident" and "abroad" both relate to filings in a foreign office. However, we use the term "non-resident" for statistics by office, while use the term "abroad" for statistics by origin. In other words, when an office receives an application filed by a foreigner, it’s a non-resident filing for that office. By contrast, when an applicant files an application at a foreign office, it’s a filing abroad from the applicant’s origin.
When users select reporting types “total count by applicant’s origin” or “resident and abroad count by applicant’s origin”, indicators are based on the concept of “equivalent count”. That is, an application filed at a regional IP office is counted multiple times according to the number of its members. This method applies to all regional offices where the filing has an immediate legal effect in all member states (the Glossary provides additional information).
However, when applicants file at the EPO and ARIPO, they have to make specific designations. Unfortunately, we do not have the information as to how many designations are made. Therefore, for these two offices, it would not be appropriate to assume that one filing will get protection in all jurisdictions. As a compromise, we count one application originating from their member states as one resident filing plus one abroad filing; count one application originating from non-members as one abroad filing only. Note that the equivalent count concept is not used for the following indicators: patent family indicators, resident applications per GDP and population.
When users select other reporting types, the results show actual number of applications or registrations, without multiplication. Consequently, the results based on actual count may not add up to the “total count by applicant’s origin”.
- If an office does not provide information on applicants’ origin, we only provide total counts without breaking them down into resident and non-resident. If an office does not provide us with any information, it may have a significant impact on the figures by origin for that country as resident applicants may account for a large proportion of filers at this office.
- We use the Patstat database to compile indicators relating to patent families and patent applications/grants by technology. Patent families are "first-filing" based. That is, each first filing creates a patent family. Subsequent filings are added to the related families. By this definition, one subsequent filing can belong to multiple families if it claims multiple priorities.
- For indicators relating to technology, we use the IPC-technology concordance table to assign the technological codes. Since one application normally has several IPC codes, it may belong to different technology. We use fractional counting method in such case. That is, we assign equal portion to different technology for the same application.
Reporting types for indicators relating to "PCT", "Madrid" and "Hague":
- Yearly statistics
- Quarterly statistics
- Monthly statistics
Please note that some indicators are only available on the yearly basis. For PCT indicators based on filing date, the latest months may not be complete due to transmittal delay from receiving offices. Only data on the international phase of the PCT system are available under “PCT”. The PCT national phase entry data are provided under “Patent” or “Utility model”.
Indicators "by office" show where the filings are made, regardless who filed them. By contrast, indicators "by origin" show who filed those applications, regardless where those applications are filed.
We use the residence of the first-named applicant to determine the origin of an application. When there are multiple applicants, only the first one is considered.
Most offices provide us data breaking down into country of origin. We then group them together to produce indicators by origin. Since there are always offices who don’t supply this information, indicators by origin are never "100% complete". However, since all top offices do supply this information, so we may consider this indicator "largely complete". If an office does not provide us with any information, it may have a significant impact on the figures by origin for that country as resident applicants may account for a large proportion of filers at this office.
Indicators by "total count by applicant’s origin" are based on "equivalent count" concept, i.e. one filing at a regional office is counted multiple times according to the number of members in that regional office. But the indicators by "Count by filing office and by applicant’s origin" show actual number of filings without multiplier. That’s the reason why the results "by origin" may be slightly higher than those "by office and by origin". Note that the reporting type “resident and abroad count by applicant’s origin” is also based on the equivalent count concept.
Unfortunately, we cannot distinguish zero from missing data in our database. The missing values can either mean zero or missing data. Users need to make an educated guess.
We estimate world totals for some indicators, taking into account of the fact that some offices did not supply data for some years. When you see the world total is slightly higher than the sum of all countries, it’s an estimate.
There are three reasons why data may change. Firstly, offices may correct their data. When we receive new data, we correct them and publish them. Secondly, some indicators are based on Patstat database. When we receive a new release of that database, we re-compile technology and patent family indicators. So those indicators may change. Thirdly, statistics based on the international phase of the PCT system may change slightly even several months after filing date due to the normal processing time, potential backlogs or withdrawals.
A WIPO patent family is first-filing based. That is, each first filing (without priority) is the starting point of a family. All subsequent filings are added to the parent family.
"foreign oriented" patent families are those who have at least one member whose filing office is different from the origin of the family (based on the first filings of the family). We do not take PCT receiving offices into account when determining whether a patent family is foreign-oriented or not.
Depending on different legal systems, one trademark application may specify several classes. Technically, that trademark turns into several marks linking to different goods or services. For the reason of international comparability, one should look at the count of classes to counter systemic differences between countries.
Depending on different legal systems, one industrial design application may contain several designs. For the reason of international comparability, one should look at the count of designs to counter systemic differences between countries.
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