World Intellectual Property Organization

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WIPO IP Statistics Data Center is an on-line service enabling access to WIPO’s statistical data on intellectual property (IP) activity worldwide. Users can select from a wide range of indicators and view or download the latest available as well as historical data according to their needs. This service is intended to be a tool for IP professionals, researchers and policymakers worldwide.

Data Source

Intellectual property (IP) indicators reported here are from the WIPO Statistics Database, which contains:

  1. Data collected by WIPO from national and regional IP offices;
  2. Data generated from the international filing and registration systems administered by WIPO;
  3. Data from the WIPO patent family database derived from the Patstat database and the WIPO Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) database.

Gross domestic product (GDP) and research and development (R&D) data are used to derive intensity indicators. GDP data are taken from the World Development Indicators, and R&D data come from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics.

WIPO’s Statistics Database covers four types of IP rights: patents, trademarks, industrial designs and utility models. IP indicators are available from 1980 to the latest year for which data are available. Data prior to 1980 are available on request.

Data Coverage

This service publishes raw data as collected. Data are available by office and origin. World and regional totals, based on estimates, are available for some indicators. For others, the world total is the sum of all available data (i.e., no estimates) where it is not possible to estimate the missing data. World total data are not available for a few indicators, because there is an insufficient number of reporting offices. Indicators are grouped by income levels according to the classification of the World Bank.

Users can search by resident, non-resident or filing activity abroad for all indicators, except for those relating to patent families. The calculation of resident and non-resident counts is based on the concept of “equivalent application or grant (registration)”, i.e., an application filed at a regional IP office is counted multiple times according to the number of members of that office, where the filing has an immediate legal effect in all member states (the Glossary provides additional information). However, a data query can request the breakdown by both filing office and applicant’s origin, in which case the result shows the actual figures reported by the offices, without multiplication.

For offices that do not provide information on applicants’ origin, only total counts are available, with no breakdown by resident and non-resident filings. In such cases, the count by country of origin is likely to be lower than the actual number.

List of available indicators:

Patent World total Regional total Period Source
 1 - Total patent applications (direct and PCT national phase entries) Estimate Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 1a- Direct applications Estimate Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 1b- PCT national phase entries Estimate Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 2 - Total patent grants (direct and PCT national phase entries) Estimate Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 2a- Grant for direct applications Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 2b- Grant for PCT national phase entries Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 3 - Patents in force not available not available 2004 - 2010 1
 4 - PCT international applications Sum Sum 1980 - 2011 2
 5 - Patent publications by technology Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 3
 6 - Patent grants by technology Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 3
 7 - PCT publications by technology Sum Sum 1980 - 2011 2
 8 - Patent family by origin and first filing office Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 3
 9 - Foreign-oriented patent family by origin and destination office Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 3
10 - Foreign-oriented patent family by origin and first filing office Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 3
11 - Resident applications per 100 billion USD GDP (2005 PPP) by origin Sum/sum Sum/sum 1980 - 2010 1
12 - Resident applications per million population by origin Sum/sum Sum/sum 1980 - 2010 1
13 - Resident applications per billion USD R&D expenditure (2005 PPP) by origin Sum/sum Sum/sum 1996 - 2010 1
         
Trademark World total Regional total Period Source
 1 - Total trademark applications (direct and via the Madrid system) Estimate Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 1a- Direct applications Estimate Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 1b- Applications via the Madrid system Estimate Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 2 - Total trademark registrations (direct and via the Madrid system) Estimate Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 2a- Registrations for direct applications Estimate Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 2b- Registrations for applications via the Madrid system Estimate Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 3 - Total applications (direct and via the Madrid system) by class Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 3a- Direct applications by class Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 3b- Applications via the Madrid system by class Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 4 - Total registrations (direct and via the Madrid system) by class Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 4a- Registrations for direct applications by class Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 4b- Registrations for applications via the Madrid system by class Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 5 - Total class count in applications (direct and via the Madrid system) Estimate Sum 2004 - 2010 1
 5a- Class count in direct applications Estimate Sum 2004 - 2010 1
 5b- Class count in applications via the Madrid system Estimate Sum 2004 - 2010 1
 6 - Total class count in registrations (direct and via the Madrid system) Estimate Sum 2004 - 2010 1
 6a- Class count in registrations for direct applications Estimate Sum 2004 - 2010 1
 6b- Class count in registrations for applications via the Madrid system Estimate Sum 2004 - 2010 1
 7 - Total trademarks in force not available not available 1980 - 2010 1
 8 - Madrid international applications Sum Sum 1996 - 2010 2
 9 - Madrid international registrations Sum Sum 2000 - 2010 2
10 - Madrid designations Sum Sum 2000 - 2010 2
11 - Resident class count per 100 billion USD GDP (2005 PPP) by origin Sum/sum Sum/sum 2004 - 2010 1
12 - Resident class count per million population by origin Sum/sum Sum/sum 2004 - 2010 1
         
Industrial design World total Regional total Period Source
 1 - Total design applications (direct and via the Hague system) Estimate Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 1a- Direct applications Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 1b- Applications via the Hague system Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 2 - Total design registrations (direct and via the Hague system) Estimate Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 2a- Registrations for direct applications Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 2b- Registrations for applications via the Hague system Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 3 - Total applications (direct and via the Hague system) by class Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 3a- Direct applications by class Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 3b- Applications via the Hague system by class Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 4 - Total registrations (direct and via the Hague system) by class Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 4a- Registrations for direct applications by class Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 4b- Registrations for applications via the Hague system by class Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 5 - Total design count in applications (direct and via the Hague system) Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 5a- Design count in direct applications Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 5b- Design count in applications via the Hague system Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 6 - Total design count in registrations (direct and via the Hague system) Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 6a- Design count in registrations for direct applications Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 6b- Design count in registrations for applications via the Hague system Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
 7 - Total industrial designs in force not available not available 1980 - 2010 1
 8 - Hague international applications Sum Sum 2000 - 2010 2
 9 - Hague international registrations Sum Sum 2000 - 2010 2
10 - Hague designations Sum Sum 2000 - 2010 2
11 - Resident design count per 100 billion USD GDP (2005 PPP) by origin Sum/sum Sum/sum 1980 - 2010 1
12 - Resident design count per million population by origin Sum/sum Sum/sum 1980 - 2010 1
         
Utility model World total Regional total Period Source
1 - Total utility model applications (direct and PCT national phase entries) Estimate Sum 1980 - 2010 1
1a- Direct applications Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
1b- PCT national phase entries Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
2 - Total utility model grants (direct and PCT national phase entries) Estimate Sum 1980 - 2010 1
2a- Grant for direct applications Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1
2b- Grant for PCT national phase entries Sum Sum 1980 - 2010 1

 

Conditions of Use

Use of the WIPO IP Statistics Database Collection is governed by the general conditions of use of WIPO statistical data.

Glossary

Applicant: An individual or other legal entity that files an application for a patent, utility model, trademark or industrial design. There may be more than one applicant in an application. For the IP statistics presented in this report, the first-named applicant is deemed the owner of the application.

Application: The formal request for IP rights at an IP office, which examines the application and decides whether to grant or refuse protection in the jurisdiction concerned. Application also refers to a set of documents submitted to an office by the applicant.

Application abroad: An application filed by a resident of a given country/jurisdiction with a patent office of another country/jurisdiction. For example, a patent application filed by an applicant residing in France with the USPTO is considered an “application abroad” from the perspective of France. “Application abroad” is a concept similar to “non-resident application”, which describes a patent application received by an IP office from an applicant residing in a country represented by another IP office.

Equivalent application: Applications at regional offices are equivalent to multiple applications, one in each of the states member of those offices. To calculate the number of equivalent applications for BOIP, EAPO, OAPI or OHIM data, each application is multiplied by the corresponding number of member states. For EPO and ARIPO data, each application is counted as one application abroad if the applicant does not reside in a member state; or as one resident and one application abroad if the applicant resides in a member state. The equivalent application concept is used for filing abroad data.

Equivalent grant (registration): Grants (registrations) at regional offices are equivalent to multiple grants (registrations), one in each of the states member of those offices. To calculate the number of equivalent grants (registrations) for BOIP, EAPO, OAPI or OHIM data, each grant (registration) is multiplied by the corresponding number of member states. For EPO and ARIPO data, each grant is counted as one grant abroad if the applicant does not reside in a member state; or as one resident and one grant abroad if the applicant resides in a member state. The equivalent grant (registration) concept is used for grant (registration) abroad data.

Foreign-oriented patent families: A patent family having at least one filing office that is different from the office of the applicant’s origin.

Grant: Exclusive IP rights conferred to an applicant by an IP office. For example, patents are granted to applicants (assignees) to make use of and exploit an invention for a limited period of time. The holder of the rights can prevent unauthorized use of the invention.

Hague registration: An international registration filed under the Hague system, which facilitates the acquisition of industrial design rights in multiple jurisdictions. An application for international registration of industrial designs leads to its recording in the International Register and the publication of the registration in the International Designs Bulletin. If the registration is not refused by the IP office of a designated Hague member, it will have the same effect as a registration made in that member’s jurisdiction.

Hague system: The abbreviated form of the Hague System for the International Registration of Industrial Designs. This system consists of several international treaties (the London Act, the Hague Act and the Geneva Act). The Hague system makes it possible for an applicant to register up to 100 industrial designs in multiple jurisdictions by filing a single application with the International Bureau of WIPO. It simplifies the process of multinational registration by reducing the requirement to file separate applications with each IP office. The system also simplifies the management of the industrial design, since it is possible to record subsequent changes or to renew the registration through a single procedural step.

Industrial design: Industrial designs are applied to a wide variety of industrial products and handicrafts. They refer to the ornamental or aesthetic aspects of a useful article, including compositions of lines or colors or any three-dimensional forms that give a special appearance to a product or handicraft. The holder of a registered industrial design has exclusive rights against unauthorized copying or imitation of the design by third parties. Industrial design registrations are valid for a limited period. The term of protection is usually 15 years for most jurisdictions. However, differences in legislation do exist, notably in China (which provides for a 10-year term from the application date) and the US (which provides for a 14-year term from the date of registration).

International Patent Classification (IPC): An internationally recognized patent classification system. The IPC’s hierarchical structure consists of sections, classes, subclasses and groups. IPC symbols are assigned according to technical features in patent applications. A patent application can be assigned multiple IPC symbols, as it may relate to multiple technical features.

IP rights in force: IP rights that are currently valid. To remain in force, IP rights must be maintained, usually by paying maintenance (renewal) fees to an IP office at regular intervals. A trademark can be maintained indefinitely by paying renewal fees; however, patents, utility models and industrial designs can only be maintained for a limited number of years.

Madrid registration: An international registration filed under the Madrid system, which facilitates the acquisition of trademark rights in multiple jurisdictions. It is not the same as a trademark registration issued by a national or regional IP office. An international registration, once issued by WIPO, serves as an application at each of the national and regional IP offices designated by the applicant and party to the Madrid system. On the basis of the Madrid international registration, the national or regional IP office decides whether or not to issue a trademark registration that is valid within its jurisdiction.

Madrid system: The abbreviated form of the Madrid System for the International Registration of Marks, established under the Madrid Agreement and the Madrid Protocol and administered by WIPO. The Madrid system makes it possible for an applicant to apply for a trademark registration in a large number of contracting parties by filing a single application at a national or regional IP office party to the system. In addition, it simplifies the process of multinational trademark registration by reducing the requirement to file a separate application with each IP office. The system also streamlines subsequent management of the registration, since it is possible to record changes or to renew the registration through a single procedural step. Registration through the Madrid system does not create an “international” registration of a trademark, and the decision to register or refuse the trademark remains in the hands of the national and/or regional IP office(s). Trademark rights are limited to the jurisdiction of the trademark registration office(s).

Nice Classification: The abbreviated form of the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks under the Nice Agreement. The Nice Classification is divided into 34 classes for goods and 11 for services.

Non-resident application: An application filed with a patent office of a given country/jurisdiction by an applicant residing in another country/jurisdiction. For example, a patent application filed with the USPTO by an applicant residing in France is considered a non-resident application for the USPTO. Non-resident applications are sometimes also referred to as foreign applications. A non-resident grant is a patent granted on the basis of a non-resident application.

Origin: The country of residence (or nationality, in the absence of a valid residence) of the first-named applicant of an IP application. Country of origin is used to determine the origin of the IP application.

Patent: A set of exclusive rights granted by law to applicants for inventions that are new, non-obvious and commercially applicable. It is valid for a limited period of time (generally 20 years), during which patent holders can commercially exploit their inventions on an exclusive basis. In return, applicants are obliged to disclose their inventions to the public in a manner that enables others, skilled in the art, to replicate the invention. The patent system is designed to encourage innovation by providing innovators with time-limited exclusive legal rights, thus enabling innovators to reap the benefits of their innovative activity.

Patent family: A set of interrelated patent applications filed in one or more countries to protect the same or a similar invention.

PCT application: A patent application filed through the WIPO-administered PCT system.

PCT national phase entry: The decision by a PCT applicant to enter the national phase before a national or regional patent office is referred to as national phase entry. It consists of the submission of a written request and payment of fees and must be carried out within 30 months from the priority date of the application (longer time periods are allowed by some offices).

PCT system: The PCT, an international treaty administered by WIPO, facilitates the acquisition of patent rights in a large number of jurisdictions. The PCT system simplifies the process of multiple national patent filings by reducing the requirement to file a separate application in each jurisdiction. However, the decision of whether to grant patent rights remains in the hands of national and regional patent offices, and the patent rights remain limited to the jurisdiction of the patent granting authority. The PCT international application process starts with the international phase, during which an international search and, possibly, a preliminary examination are performed, and concludes with the national phase, during which national and regional patent offices decide on the patentability of an invention according to national law.

Publication date: The date on which an IP application is disclosed to the public. On that date, the subject matter of the application becomes “prior art”.

Registration: Exclusive rights, notably for trademarks and industrial designs, issued to an applicant by an IP office. Registrations are issued to applicants to make use of and exploit trademarks or industrial designs for a limited period of time and, in some cases, particularly in the case of trademarks, can be renewed indefinitely.

Resident application: An application filed with an IP office by an applicant residing in the country/region in which that office has jurisdiction.. For example, an application filed with the JPO by a resident of Japan is considered a resident application for the JPO. Resident applications are sometimes referred to as domestic applications. A resident grant/registration is an IP right issued on the basis of a resident application.

Trademark: A trademark is a distinctive sign, which distinguishes certain goods or services of one undertaking from those produced or provided by other undertakings. The holder of a registered trademark has the legal right to exclusive use of the mark in relation to the products or services for which it is registered. The owner can prevent unauthorized use of the trademark, or a confusingly similar mark, used for goods or services that are identical or similar to the goods and services for which the mark is registered. Unlike patents, trademark registrations can potentially be maintained indefinitely, as long as the trademark holder pays the renewal fees and actually uses the trademark. The procedures for registering trademarks are governed by the rules and regulations of national and regional IP offices. Trademark rights are limited to the jurisdiction of the authority that issues the trademark. Trademarks can be registered by filing an application with the relevant national or regional IP office(s), or by filing an international application through the Madrid system.

Trademark application filed via the Madrid system: An application for international registration of a trademark though the WIPO-administered Madrid system.

Utility model (UM):. Like a patent, a UM is a set of rights granted for an invention for a limited period of time, during which UM holders can commercially exploit their inventions on an exclusive basis. The terms and conditions for granting UMs are different from those for “traditional” patents. For example, UMs are issued for a shorter duration (7 to 10 years) and, at most offices, UM applications are granted without substantive examination. The procedures for granting UM rights are governed by the rules and regulations of national IP offices, and rights are limited to the jurisdiction of the issuing authority.

List of abbreviations

ARIPO – African Regional Intellectual Property Organization
BOIP – Benelux Office for Intellectual Property
EAPO – Eurasian Patent Organization
EPO – European Patent Office
OAPI – African Intellectual Property Organization
OHIM – Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market
USPTO – United States Patent and Trademark Office
WIPO – World Intellectual Property Organization

List of Countries and Offices:

Name Income level Continent
Afghanistan                                                               Low-income  Asia
African Intellectual Property Organization                                Low-income  Africa
African Regional Intellectual Property Organization                       Low-income  Africa
Albania                                                                   Upper middle-income  Europe
Algeria                                                                   Upper middle-income  Africa
Andorra                                                                   High-income  Europe
Angola                                                                    Lower middle-income  Africa
Antigua and Barbuda                                                       Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Argentina                                                                 Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Armenia                                                                   Lower middle-income  Asia
Aruba                                                                     High-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Australia                                                                 High-income  Oceania
Austria                                                                   High-income  Europe
Azerbaijan                                                                Upper middle-income  Asia
Bahamas                                                                   High-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Bahrain                                                                   High-income  Asia
Bangladesh                                                                Low-income  Asia
Barbados                                                                  High-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Belarus                                                                   Upper middle-income  Europe
Belgium                                                                   High-income  Europe
Belize                                                                    Lower middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Benelux                                                                   High-income  Europe
Benin                                                                     Low-income  Africa
Bermuda                                                                   High-income  North America
Bhutan                                                                    Lower middle-income  Asia
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)                                          Lower middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba                                         High-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Bosnia and Herzegovina                                                    Upper middle-income  Europe
Botswana                                                                  Upper middle-income  Africa
Brazil                                                                    Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Brunei Darussalam                                                         High-income  Asia
Bulgaria                                                                  Upper middle-income  Europe
Burkina Faso                                                              Low-income  Africa
Burundi                                                                   Low-income  Africa
Côte d'Ivoire                                                             Lower middle-income  Africa
Cambodia                                                                  Low-income  Asia
Cameroon                                                                  Lower middle-income  Africa
Canada                                                                    High-income  North America
Cape Verde                                                                Lower middle-income  Africa
Central African Republic                                                  Low-income  Africa
Chad                                                                      Low-income  Africa
Chile                                                                     Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
China                                                                     Upper middle-income  Asia
China, Hong Kong SAR                                                      High-income  Asia
China, Macao SAR                                                          High-income  Asia
Colombia                                                                  Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Community Plant Variety Office                                                        
Comoros                                                                   Low-income  Africa
Congo                                                                     Lower middle-income  Africa
Cook Islands                                                              High-income  Oceania
Costa Rica                                                                Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Croatia                                                                   High-income  Europe
Cuba                                                                      Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Curaτao                                                                   High-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Cyprus                                                                    High-income  Asia
Czech Republic                                                            High-income  Europe
Czechoslovakia                                                            Upper middle-income  Europe
Democratic People's Republic of Korea                                     Low-income  Asia
Democratic Republic of the Congo                                          Low-income  Africa
Denmark                                                                   High-income  Europe
Djibouti                                                                  Lower middle-income  Africa
Dominica                                                                  Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Dominican Republic                                                        Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Ecuador                                                                   Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Egypt                                                                     Lower middle-income  Africa
El Salvador                                                               Lower middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Equatorial Guinea                                                         High-income  Africa
Eritrea                                                                   Low-income  Africa
Estonia                                                                   High-income  Europe
Ethiopia                                                                  Low-income  Africa
Eurasian Patent Organization                                              Upper middle-income  Europe
European Patent Office                                                    High-income  Europe
Fiji                                                                      Lower middle-income  Oceania
Finland                                                                   High-income  Europe
France                                                                    High-income  Europe
Gabon                                                                     Upper middle-income  Africa
Gambia                                                                    Low-income  Africa
Georgia                                                                   Lower middle-income  Asia
German Democratic Republic                                                            Europe
Germany                                                                   High-income  Europe
Ghana                                                                     Lower middle-income  Africa
Greece                                                                    High-income  Europe
Grenada                                                                   Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Guatemala                                                                 Lower middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Guinea                                                                    Low-income  Africa
Guinea-Bissau                                                             Low-income  Africa
Guyana                                                                    Lower middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Haiti                                                                     Low-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Holy See                                                                  High-income  Europe
Honduras                                                                  Lower middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Hungary                                                                   High-income  Europe
Iceland                                                                   High-income  Europe
India                                                                     Lower middle-income  Asia
Indonesia                                                                 Lower middle-income  Asia
International Bureau                                                                  
Iran (Islamic Republic of)                                                Upper middle-income  Asia
Iraq                                                                      Lower middle-income  Asia
Ireland                                                                   High-income  Europe
Israel                                                                    High-income  Asia
Italy                                                                     High-income  Europe
Jamaica                                                                   Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Japan                                                                     High-income  Asia
Jordan                                                                    Upper middle-income  Asia
Kazakhstan                                                                Upper middle-income  Asia
Kenya                                                                     Low-income  Africa
Kiribati                                                                  Lower middle-income  Oceania
Kuwait                                                                    High-income  Asia
Kyrgyzstan                                                                Low-income  Asia
Lao People's Democratic Republic                                          Lower middle-income  Asia
Latvia                                                                    Upper middle-income  Europe
Lebanon                                                                   Upper middle-income  Asia
Lesotho                                                                   Lower middle-income  Africa
Liberia                                                                   Low-income  Africa
Libya                                                                     Upper middle-income  Africa
Liechtenstein                                                             High-income  Europe
Lithuania                                                                 Upper middle-income  Europe
Luxembourg                                                                High-income  Europe
Madagascar                                                                Low-income  Africa
Malawi                                                                    Low-income  Africa
Malaysia                                                                  Upper middle-income  Asia
Maldives                                                                  Upper middle-income  Asia
Mali                                                                      Low-income  Africa
Malta                                                                     High-income  Europe
Marshall Islands                                                          Lower middle-income  Oceania
Mauritania                                                                Lower middle-income  Africa
Mauritius                                                                 Upper middle-income  Africa
Mexico                                                                    Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Micronesia (Federated States of)                                          Lower middle-income  Oceania
Monaco                                                                    High-income  Europe
Mongolia                                                                  Lower middle-income  Asia
Montenegro                                                                Upper middle-income  Europe
Morocco                                                                   Lower middle-income  Africa
Mozambique                                                                Low-income  Africa
Myanmar                                                                   Low-income  Asia
Namibia                                                                   Upper middle-income  Africa
Nauru                                                                     Lower middle-income  Oceania
Nepal                                                                     Low-income  Asia
Netherlands                                                               High-income  Europe
Netherlands Antilles                                                      High-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
New Zealand                                                               High-income  Oceania
Nicaragua                                                                 Lower middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Niger                                                                     Low-income  Africa
Nigeria                                                                   Lower middle-income  Africa
Nordic Patent Institute                                                   High-income  Europe
Norway                                                                    High-income  Europe
Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market                           High-income  Europe
Oman                                                                      High-income  Asia
Pakistan                                                                  Lower middle-income  Asia
Palau                                                                     Upper middle-income  Oceania
Panama                                                                    Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Papua New Guinea                                                          Lower middle-income  Oceania
Paraguay                                                                  Lower middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Patent Office of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf  High-income  
Peru                                                                      Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Philippines                                                               Lower middle-income  Asia
Poland                                                                    High-income  Europe
Portugal                                                                  High-income  Europe
Qatar                                                                     High-income  Asia
Republic of Korea                                                         High-income  Asia
Republic of Moldova                                                       Lower middle-income  Europe
Romania                                                                   Upper middle-income  Europe
Russian Federation                                                        Upper middle-income  Europe
Rwanda                                                                    Low-income  Africa
Saint Kitts and Nevis                                                     Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Saint Lucia                                                               Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines                                          Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Samoa                                                                     Lower middle-income  Oceania
San Marino                                                                High-income  Europe
Sao Tome and Principe                                                     Lower middle-income  Africa
Saudi Arabia                                                              High-income  Asia
Senegal                                                                   Lower middle-income  Africa
Serbia                                                                    Upper middle-income  Europe
Serbia and Montenegro (formerly Yugoslavia)                               Upper middle-income  Europe
Seychelles                                                                Upper middle-income  Africa
Sierra Leone                                                              Low-income  Africa
Singapore                                                                 High-income  Asia
Sint Maarten (Dutch Part)                                                 High-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Slovakia                                                                  High-income  Europe
Slovenia                                                                  High-income  Europe
Solomon Islands                                                           Lower middle-income  Oceania
Somalia                                                                   Low-income  Africa
South Africa                                                              Upper middle-income  Africa
Soviet Union                                                                          Europe
Spain                                                                     High-income  Europe
Sri Lanka                                                                 Lower middle-income  Asia
Sudan                                                                     Lower middle-income  Africa
Suriname                                                                  Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Swaziland                                                                 Lower middle-income  Africa
Sweden                                                                    High-income  Europe
Switzerland                                                               High-income  Europe
Syrian Arab Republic                                                      Lower middle-income  Asia
T F Y R of Macedonia                                                      Upper middle-income  Europe
Tajikistan                                                                Low-income  Asia
Thailand                                                                  Upper middle-income  Asia
Timor-Leste                                                               Lower middle-income  Asia
Togo                                                                      Low-income  Africa
Tonga                                                                     Lower middle-income  Oceania
Trinidad and Tobago                                                       High-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Tunisia                                                                   Upper middle-income  Africa
Turkey                                                                    Upper middle-income  Asia
Turkmenistan                                                              Lower middle-income  Asia
Tuvalu                                                                    Lower middle-income  Oceania
Uganda                                                                    Low-income  Africa
Ukraine                                                                   Lower middle-income  Europe
United Arab Emirates                                                      High-income  Asia
United Kingdom                                                            High-income  Europe
United Republic of Tanzania                                               Low-income  Africa
United States of America                                                  High-income  North America
Uruguay                                                                   Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Uzbekistan                                                                Lower middle-income  Asia
Vanuatu                                                                   Lower middle-income  Oceania
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)                                        Upper middle-income  Latin America & the Caribbean
Viet Nam                                                                  Lower middle-income  Asia
Yemen                                                                     Lower middle-income  Asia
Zaire                                                                     Low-income  Africa
Zambia                                                                    Lower middle-income  Africa
Zimbabwe                                                                  Low-income  Africa

 

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