World Intellectual Property Organization

International Treaties - Geographical Indications

A number of international treaties deal partly or entirely with the protection of geographical indications. Below are links to relevant treaties administered by WIPO, as well as to the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) of the World Trade Organization (WTO).

National and regional laws governing the protection of geographical indications can be searched in WIPO’s CLEA database.

WIPO-administered treaties providing general standards of protection


WIPO-administered treaties governing registration systems for obtaining protection


WTO TRIPS Agreement

The TRIPS Agreement (articles 22 to 24) addresses the international protection of GIs within the framework of the World Trade Organization (WTO)

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