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WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/10

The Informal Economy, Innovation and Intellectual Property: Concepts, Metrics and Policy Considerations

Economic Research Working Paper No. 10

The authors connect concepts, definitions and data regarding the informal economy, innovation, and intellectual property in order to establish a framework for further qualitative and quantitative research and the improvement of public policies in respect of these issues.

Année de publication: 2013

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/9

The Economics of Copyright and the Internet: Moving to an Empirical Assessment Relevant in the Digital Era

Economic Research Working Paper No. 9

Technology and the Internet have triggered important changes to how creative works are created and accessed, and how creators and copyright-based industries generate their revenues. The authors reassess the economics of copyright in the light of these changes. After providing an introduction to the economics of copyright, they analyze the changes to the baseline copyright model triggered by the new technological landscape. Then, they assess the empirical economic work on copyright so far, and suggest future avenues of research and related data needs.

Année de publication: 2013

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/8

Measuring the International Mobility of Inventors: A New Database

Economic Research Working Paper No.8

This paper has two objectives. First, it describes a new database mapping migratory patterns of inventors, extracted from information included in patent applications filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty. It explains in detail the information contained in the database and discusses the usefulness and reliability of the underlying data. Second, the paper provides a descriptive overview of inventor migration patterns, based on the information contained in the newly constructed database.

Année de publication: 2013

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/7

How Does Geographical Mobility of Inventors Influence Network Formation?

Economic Research Working Paper No. 7

The goal of this paper is to assess the influence of spatial mobility of knowledge workers on the formation of ties of scientific and industrial collaboration across European regions. Co-location has been traditionally invoked to ease formal collaboration between individuals and firms, since tie formation costs increase with physical distance between partners. In some instances, highly-skilled actors might become mobile and bridge regional networks across separate locations. This paper estimates a fixed effects logit model to ascertain precisely whether there exists a ‘previous co-location premium' in the formation of networks across European regions.

Année de publication: 2013

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/6

What Makes Companies Pursue an Open Science Strategy?

Economic Research Working Paper No. 6

This paper explores the motivations of firms that disclose research outcomes in a scientific format. Besides considering an internal firm dimension, the authors focus particularly on knowledge sourcing from academic institutions and the appropriability regime using a cost-benefit framework. The analysis provides evidence that the access to important scientific knowledge imposes the adoption of academic disclosure principles, whereas the mere existence of collaborative links with academic institutions is not a strong predictor. Furthermore, the results suggest that overall industry conditions are influential in shaping the cost-benefit rationale of firms with respect to scientific disclosure.

Année de publication: 2013

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/5

Getting Patents and Economic Data to Speak to Each Other: An “Algorithmic Links with Probabilities” Approach for Joint Analyses of Patenting and Economic Activity

Economic Research Working Paper No. 5

In this paper, the authors describe and explore a new algorithmic approach to constructing concordances between the International Patent Classification (IPC) system and industry classification systems that organize economic data. This ‘Algorithmic Links with Probabilities' (ALP) approach incorporates text analysis software and keyword extraction programs and applies them to a comprehensive patent dataset. The authors conclude with a discussion on some of the possible applications of the concordance and provide a sample analysis that uses their preferred ALP concordance to analyze international patent flows based on trade patterns.

Année de publication: 2012

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/4

The State of Patenting at Research Institutions in Developing Countries: Policy Approaches and Practices

Economic Research Working Paper No. 4

This study discusses the opportunities and challenges offered by patents to foster technology transfer from government funded research institutions in developing countries. It presents a review of policy frameworks and recent policy changes aimed to foster academic patenting and technology transfer in low- and middle-income countries. It then analyzes patenting activities by universities and public research organizations and compares these trends with respect to high-income countries. This analysis is complemented with an assessment of the current state of patenting and technology commercialization practices in a selected group of technology transfer offices.

Année de publication: 2011

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/3

Disembodied Knowledge Flows in the World Economy

Economic Research Working Paper No. 3

The authors outline the main trends in the growth of disembodied technology trade vis-a-vis international licensing and the trade in research and development and technical services. They show that there is considerable heterogeneity across countries in the form of technology trade that countries specialize in and also suggest these are related to underlying appropriability conditions and intellectual property rights regimes.

Année de publication: 2011

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/2

Basic, Applied and Experimental Knowledge and Productivity: Further Evidence

Economic Research Working Paper No. 2

Analyzing a novel dataset, the authors find significantly positive effects of basic, and applied and experimental knowledge stocks on domestic output and productivity for a panel of 10 OECD countries. This updates the work of, among others, Mansfield (1980), Griliches (1986) and Adams (1990), at an international setting.

Année de publication: 2011

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/1

How Robust is the R&D - Productivity Relationship? Evidence from OECD Countries

Economic Research Working Paper No. 1

The authors examine the robustness of research and development (R&D) and productivity relationship in a panel of 16 OECD countries. They control for fifteen productivity determinants predicted by different theoretical models. R&D and human capital emerge robust in all specifications making them universal drivers of productivity across nations. Most other determinants are also significant. Productivity relationships are heterogonous across countries depending on their accumulated stocks of knowledge and human capital.

Année de publication: 2011