Types of Protection Available via the PCT in PCT Contracting States

(Status on 2 January 2020)

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
AE  United Arab Emirates

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

Patent of addition

AG  Antigua and Barbuda

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Utility model certificates

AL  Albania

X

 

 

X

 

X

 

AM Armenia

X

 

X

 

 

X

AO Angola

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

Certificate of addition

AT Austria

X

 

 

X

 

X

X

Patent of addition

AU Australia

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patent of addition

AZ Azerbaijan

X

 

X

 

 

X

 

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
BA Bosnia and Herzegovina X Consensual patents,
extension of EP patent1
BB Barbados X
BE Belgium X
BF  Burkina Faso 

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

BG  Bulgaria

X

 

 

X

 

X

X

BH Bahrain

X

 

 

 

 

 

X

BJ  Benin

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

BN Brunei Darussalam X
BR Brazil

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

Certificate of addition

BW Botswana

X

X

 

 

 

ARIPO utility model

ARIPO utility model

Utility model certificate

BY Belarus

X

 

X

 

 

X

BZ Belize

X

 

 

 

 

X

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
CA Canada X
CF Central African Republic

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

CG  Congo 

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

CH and LI Switzerland and Liechtenstein

X

 

 

X

 

 

CI  Côte d'Ivoire 

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

CL Chile

X

 

 

 

 

X

CM  Cameroon 

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

CN China

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

CO Colombia

X

 

 

 

 

X

CR Costa Rica

X

 

 

 

 

X

CU Cuba

X

 

 

 

 

X

CY Cyprus

 

 

 

X

 

 

CZ Czechia

X

 

 

X

 

X

X

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
DE Germany

X

 

 

X

 

X

X

DJ Djibouti

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Certificate of addition

DK Denmark

X

 

 

X

 

X

X

DM2 Dominica

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

DO Dominican Republic

X

 

 

 

 

X

DZ Algeria

X

 

 

 

 

Certificate of addition
Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
EC Ecuador

X

 

 

 

 

X

EE Estonia

X

 

 

X

 

X

X

EG Egypt

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

ES Spain

X

 

 

X

 

X

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
FI Finland

X

 

 

X

 

X

X

FR France

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
GA Gabon

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

GB United Kingdom

X

 

 

X

 

 

GD2 Grenada

X

 

GE Georgia 

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

GH Ghana

X

X

 

 

 

ARIPO utility model

ARIPO utility model

Utility certificate

GM Gambia

X

X

 

 

 

ARIPO utility model

ARIPO utility model

GN Guinea

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

GQ  Equatorial Guinea

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

GR Greece

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

GT Guatemala

X

 

 

 

 

X

GW  Guinea-Bissau

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
HN Honduras

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

HR Croatia

X

 

 

X

 

 

 

“Consensual patent”

HU Hungary

X

 

 

X

 

X

 

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
ID Indonesia

X

 

 

 

 

 

IE Ireland

 

 

 

X

 

 

IL Israel

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patent of addition

IN India

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patent of addition

IR Iran (Islamic Republic of) X
IS Iceland

X

 

 

X

IT Italy

 

 

 

X

 

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
JO Jordan

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patent of addition

JP Japan

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
KE Kenya

X

X

 

 

 

National or ARIPO
utility model

ARIPO utility model

 

KG Kyrgyzstan

X

 

X

 

 

X

KH Cambodia X X Validation of EP patent3
KM Comoros

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

KN Saint Kitts and Nevis

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Utility certificate

KP Democratic People's Republic of Korea

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

Inventor’s certificate

KR Republic of Korea

X

 

 

 

 

X

KW Kuwait X
KZ Kazakhstan

X

 

X

 

 

X

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
LA Lao People's Democratic Republic

X

 

 

 

 

X

LC Saint Lucia X
LI (refer to CH) Liechtenstein
LK Sri Lanka X
LR  Liberia 

X

X

 

 

 

ARIPO utility model

ARIPO utility model

LS  Lesotho

X

X

 

 

 

National or ARIPO utility model

ARIPO utility model

LT Lithuania

 

 

 

X

LU Luxembourg

X

 

 

X

LV Latvia

 

 

 

X

LY Libya

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patent of addition

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
MA Morocco   X Validation of EP patent1
MC Monaco 

 

 

 

X

 

 

MD Republic of Moldova

X

 

 

 

 

Short-term patent, validation of EP patent1
ME Montenegro X4 Extension of EP patent1
MG Madagascar

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Certificate of addition

MK North Macedonia

X

 

 

X

 

 

 

ML Mali

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

MN Mongolia

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

MR Mauritania

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

MT Malta

 

 

 

X

 

MW Malawi

X

X

 

 

 

ARIPO utility model

ARIPO utility model

Patent of addition

MX Mexico

X

 

 

 

 

X

MY Malaysia

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Certificates for a utility innovation

MZ Mozambique

X

X

 

 

 

National or ARIPO
utility model

ARIPO utility model

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
NA Namibia

X

X

 

 

 

ARIPO utility model

ARIPO utility model

NE Niger

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

NG Nigeria

X

 

 

 

 

 

NI Nicaragua

X

 

 

 

 

X

NL Netherlands

 

 

 

X

 

NO  Norway 

X

 

 

X

 

NZ New Zealand

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patent of addition

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
OM Oman

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
PA Panama

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

Patent of addition

PE Peru

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

PG Papua New Guinea

X

 

 

 

 

 

PH Philippines

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

PL Poland

X

 

 

X

 

X

PT Portugal

X

 

 

X

 

X

X

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
QA Qatar

X

 

 

 

 

 

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
RO Romania

X

 

 

X

 

X

X

RS Serbia

X

 

 

X

 

 

 

Patent of addition,
petty patent

RU Russian Federation

X

 

X

 

 

X

RW Rwanda

X

X

 

 

 

National or ARIPO
utility model

ARIPO utility model

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
SA Saudi Arabia

X

 

SC Seychelles

X

 

 

 

SD Sudan

X

X

 

 

 

ARIPO utility model

ARIPO utility model

SE Sweden

X

 

 

X

SG Singapore

X

 

 

 

 

 

SI Slovenia

 

 

 

X

 

SK Slovakia

X

 

 

X

 

X

X

SL Sierra Leone

X

X

 

 

 

National or ARIPO
utility model

ARIPO utility model

SM San Marino

X6

 

 

X

 

 

SN Senegal

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

ST Sao Tome and Principe

X

X

 

 

 

ARIPO utility model

ARIPO utility model

SV El Salvador

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

SY Syrian Arab Republic

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Certificate of addition

SZ Eswatini

 

X

 

 

 

ARIPO utility model

ARIPO utility model

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
TD Chad

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

TG Togo

 

 

 

 

X

OAPI utility model

 

OAPI certificate of addition

TH Thailand

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Petty patent

TJ Tajikistan

X

 

X

 

 

X

TM Turkmenistan

X

 

X

 

 

 

 

Provisional patent

TN Tunisia X Validation of EP patent5
TR Turkey

X

 

 

X

 

X

 

Patent of addition

TT Trinidad and Tobago

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Utility certificate

TZ United Republic of Tanzania

X

X

 

 

 

ARIPO utility model

ARIPO utility model

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
UA Ukraine

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

UG Uganda

X

X

 

 

 

ARIPO utility model

ARIPO utility model

Utility certificate

US United States of America

X

 

 

 

 

UZ Uzbekistan

X

 

 

 

 

X

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
VC Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Utility certificate

VN Viet Nam

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

“Patent for utility solution”

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
WS2,7 Samoa

X

 

 

 

 

 

Two-letter code Contracting State or Organization National patent ARIPO patent (AP) Eurasian patent (EA) European patent (EP) OAPI patent (OA) Utility model instead of
national patent
Utility model
in addition to national patent
Other
ZA South Africa

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patent of addition

ZM Zambia

X

X

 

 

 

ARIPO utility model

ARIPO utility model

Patent of addition

ZW Zimbabwe

X

X

 

 

 

ARIPO utility model

ARIPO utility model

Patent of addition

  1. For information on the extension or validation of European patents, refer to www.epo.org/law-practice/legal-texts/extension-validation-system.html.
  2. Information regarding any other type of national protection is not yet available.
  3. Only for international applications filed on or after 1 March 2018.  For information on the validation of European patents, refer to  www.epo.org/law-practice/legal-texts/extension-validation-system.html
  4. Applicants wishing to obtain patent protection in Montenegro should enter the regional phase before the European Patent Office (EPO) and seek the extension of the European patent application and the granted European patent to Montenegro, as there is no national phase before the Ministry of Economy, Department for Intellectual Property (Montenegro).  Further information: www.wipo.int/pct/guide/en/gdvol2/annexes/me.pdf
  5. Only for international applications filed on or after 1 December 2017.  For information on the validation of European patents, refer to  www.epo.org/law-practice/legal-texts/extension-validation-system.html
  6. Only for international applicants filed before 1 January 2020.
  7. Only for international applications filed on or after 2 January 2020.