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Domain Name Dispute Resolution Service for Country Code Top Level Domains (ccTLDs)

Since the launch of the WIPO ccTLD Program in 2000, WIPO has provided advice to many ccTLDs with a view to establishing registration conditions and dispute resolution procedures that conform with international standards of intellectual property protection while taking into account the particular circumstances and needs of the individual ccTLD.

The WIPO Center provides domain name dispute resolution services for the ccTLDs listed in the below table. Each such ccTLD page includes links to a range of relevant resources including for case filings.

Where a ccTLD has adopted the UDRP, those domain names may be consolidated with gTLD and other ccTLD domain names against a single registrant in a single UDRP complaint.

ccTLDs adopting the UDRP include .ag, .ai, .as, .bm, .bs, .bz, .cc, .cd, .co, .cy, .dj, .ec, .fj, .fm, .ga, .gd, .gt, .la, .lc, .md, .me, .mg, .mw, .nr, .nu, .pa, .pk, .pn, .pr, .pw, .ro, .sc, .sl, .sn, .so, .tj, .tt, .tv, .ug, .ve, .vg, and .ws.

(*) Those ccTLDs which use a variation of the UDRP are marked below with an asterisk.

  • The WIPO ccTLD Database contains links to the websites of 252 ccTLDs allowing to determine the availability of a registration agreement, the existence of a WhoIs service and the adoption of ADR procedures.
  • The Trademark Database Portal facilitates access to online trademark databases of a number of national and regional intellectual property offices, allowing any person wishing to register a domain name to perform a prior trademark search.
  • The WIPO ccTLD Best Practices for the Prevention and Resolution of Intellectual Property Disputes provide an overview of practices and policies for ccTLD operations designed to curb abusive and bad faith registration of protected names, and to resolve related disputes.

ccTLDs for which the WIPO Center provides dispute resolution services


.AC (Ascension Island) (*)
.AE and امارات. (United Arab Emirates) (*)
.AG (Antigua and Barbuda)
.AI (Anguilla)
.AO (Angola) (*)
.AS (American Samoa)
.AU (Australia) (*)


.BH and البحرين. (Bahrain) (*)
.BM (Bermuda)
.BO (Bolivia (Plurinational State of)) (*)
.BR (Brazil) (*)
.BS (Bahamas)
.BZ (Belize)


.CC (Cocos Islands)
.CD (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
.CH (Switzerland) (*)
.CN and .中国 (China) (*)
.CO (Colombia)
.CR (Costa Rica) (*)
.CY (Cyprus)


.DJ (Djibouti)
.DO (Dominican Republic) (*)


.EC (Ecuador)
.ES (Spain) (*)
.EU (European Union) (*)


.FJ (Fiji)
.FM (Micronesia (Federated States of))
.FR (France) (*)


.GA (Gabon)
.GD (Grenada)
.GE (Georgia) (*)
.GT (Guatemala)


.HN (Honduras) (*)


.IE (Ireland) (*)
.IO (British Indian Ocean Territory) (*)
.IR (Islamic Republic of Iran) (*)


.LA (Lao People's Democratic Republic)
.LC (Saint Lucia)
.LI (Liechtenstein) (*)


.MA (Morocco) (*)
.MD (Republic of Moldova)
.ME (Montenegro)
.MG (Madagascar)
.MP (Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands) (*)
.MW (Malawi)
.MX (Mexico) (*)


.NL (Netherlands) (*)
.NR (Nauru)
.NU (Niue)


.PA (Panama)
.PE (Peru) (*)
.PH (Philippines) (*)
.PK (Pakistan)
.PL (Poland) (**) [expedited arbitration process]
.PM (St. Pierre and Miquelon) (*)
.PN (Pitcairn Islands)
.PR (Puerto Rico)
.PW (Palau)
.PY (Paraguay) (*)


.QA and قطر. (Qatar) (*)


.RE (Reunion Island) (*)
.RO (Romania)


.SA and السعودية. (Saudi Arabia) (*)
.SC (Seychelles)
.SE (Sweden) (*)
.SH (Saint Helena) (*)
.SL (Sierra Leone)
.SN (Senegal)
.SO (Somalia)


.TF (French Southern Territories) (*)
.TJ (Tajikistan)
.TM (Turkmenistan) (*)
.TT (Trinidad and Tobago)
.TV (Tuvalu)
.TZ (United Republic of Tanzania) (*)


.UA (Ukraine) (*)
.UG (Uganda)


.VE (Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of))
.VG (Virgin Islands (British))


.WF (Wallis and Futuna Islands) (*)
.WS (Samoa)


.YT (Mayotte) (*)

Guide to WIPO’s services for country code top-level domain registries