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Chile

Political Constitution of the Republic of Chile (Codified law promulgated by Supreme Decree No. 100)

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Chile

Year of current version:2011
Date of last amendment:November 4, 1999
Date of entry into force of original text:March 11, 1981
Date of Text (Adopted):September 11, 1980
Type of Text:Constitution / Basic Law
Subject Matter:Other
Notes:
The Constitution of the Republic of Chile was adopted on September 11, 1980 and entered into force on March 11, 1981. Since then, the Constitution has been amended many times, most recently in 2011.

The Constitution defines Chile as unitary, decentralized, democratic republic. It provides that the State shall respect and promote the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution, International Treaties and the legal system.

Chile is a Republic with a presidential form of government, which has three coequal branches of power: executive, legislative and judiciary. The executive power is vested in the President of the Republic, who is the Head of State and is responsible of the government and state administration (Chapter IV). The legislative power is exercised by the National Congress, composed of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate, that have the power to promulgate laws (Chapter V). The Constitutional Court is responsable for constitutionality control (Chapter VIII).

The Chilean legal system is based on civil law, which was inspired by the American Indian Law (before independence), French system (Code Napoleon) and Italian law (Code of Sardinia).

In relation to the protection of the intellectual property rights, Article 24 of the Constitution recognizes and guarantees the right of property. Article 25 guarantees all forms of intellectual property including copyright, patents, trademarks, industrial desings, and other industrial property rights.
Available Texts: 
Spanish

Constitución Política de la República de Chile (Texto Refundido, Coordinado y Sistematizado promulgado por el Decreto Supremo Nº 100) Constitución Política de la República de Chile (Texto Refundido, Coordinado y Sistematizado promulgado por el Decreto Supremo Nº 100), Complete document (pdf) [241 KB]

WIPO Lex No.:CL001

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