World Intellectual Property Organization

Turkey

Law No. 2863 of July 21, 1983 on Conservation of Cultural and Natural Property (as last amended by Law No. 648 of August 8, 2011 and Law No. 653 of August 23, 2011)

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Turkey

Year of current version:2011
Date of last amendment:August 23, 2011
Date of entry into force of original text:July 23, 1983
Date of Text (Enacted):July 21, 1983
Type of Text:IP-related Laws: enacted by the Legislature
Subject Matter:Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights), Traditional Cultural Expressions
Notes:
This law ensures the national protection of cultural property.
According to Article 3(1), movable and immovable cultural property is regarded as property that is “pertaining to science, culture, religion and fine arts of before and after recorded history or that is of unique scientific and cultural value for social life before and after recorded history'.
Article 3(2) also gives a definition of natural property, which refers to “all assets on the ground, under the ground or under the water pertaining to geological periods, prehistoric periods until present time, that is of unique kind or require protection due to their characteristics and beauty”.
Articles 6 and 23 provide a list of natural property as well as movable and immovable property that are protected under this law.
Natural and immovable cultural property (Article 13) and movable cultural property (Article 32) cannot be transferred abroad or sold. The criminal charges and enforcement of this law are specified in Articles 65-75.

This consolidated version of Law No. 2863 of July 21, 1983 incorporates all amendments up to 2011 (see the 'List of date of entry into force of the amendments' on page 32 for a complete listing of the consolidated amendments).
Available Texts: 
Turkish

2863 sayılı Kültür ve Tabiat Varlıklarını Koruma Kanunu 2863 sayılı Kültür ve Tabiat Varlıklarını Koruma Kanunu, Complete document (pdf) [327 KB]

Related Legislation:
WIPO Lex No.:TR087

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