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Interception of Communications Act, 2011 (Act No. 3 of 2011)

Interception of Communications Act, 3 of 2011 pt 1.pmd

PART I PRELIMINARY

1.      Short title and commencement.

2.      Interpretation.

 

PART II INTERCEPTION OFCOMMUNICATIONS

3.      Prohibition of interception.

4.      Application for interception direction and unauthorised disclosure.

5.      Issuance of interception direction.

6.      Scope and Form of interception direction.

7.      Duration of interception direction.

8.      Application, issuance, form and scope of entry warrant.

9.      Termination of interception direction or entry warrant.

10.  Urgent application, form, issuance and scope for interception direction and entry warrant.

11.  Modification of interception direction and entry warrant.

12.  Reports on progress.

13.  Protection for acts done in good faith.

 

PART III EXECUTION OF INTERCEPTION DIRECTIONS AND ENTRYWARRANTS

14.  Execution of interception direction or entry warrant.

15.  Entry on premises for execution of entry warrant.

16.  Duty to provide assistance.

17.  Confidentiality of intercepted communications.

18.  Conduct of authorised officer on premises.

19.  Assault of authorised officer.

20.  Offence of unauthorised disclosure of interception.

 

PART IV PROTECTED INFORMATION

21.  Order requiring disclosure of protected information

22.  Effects of disclosure order

23.  Tipping - off

 

PART V DISCLOSUREANDADMISSIBILITYOF INTERCEPTED COMMUNICATIONS

24.  Disclosure of communications data

25.  Admissibility of evidence

26.  Listed equipment

 

PART VI LISTEDEQUIPMENT

27.  Prohibition on manufacture and possession of listed equipment

28.  Exemptions

29.  Offence of contravention of section 27

30.  Establishment of Tribunal

 

PART VII TRIBUNAL

31.  Exercise of the Tribunals jurisdiction

32.  Tribunal procedure

33.  Tribunal rules

34.  Amendment of Schedule

35.  False statements

36.  Regulations

37.  Code of Conduct

38.  Annual Report

 

PART VIII MISCELLANOUS

SCHEDULE (Section 5 (1) and Section 34)

 

I assent,

CUTHBERT M SEBASTIAN

Governor-General.

28th February, 2011.

 

 

SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS

No. 3 of 2011

 

AN ACT to provide for the legal framework for the lawful interception of communications in Saint Christopher and Nevis, and for related matters.

 

[Published 28th February 2011, Extra Ordinary Gazette No. 10 of 2011.]

 

BE IT ENACTED by the Queens Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the National Assembly of Saint Christopher and Nevis, and by the authority of the same as follows:

 

 

PART I PRELIMINARY

 

1. Short title and commencement.

 

This Act may be cited as the Interception of Communications Act, 2011 and shall come into operation on a day to be fixed by the Minister by notice published in the Gazette.

 

2. Interpretation.

 

(1) In this Act,authorised officer means

(a) the Commissioner of Police,

(b)the Director of the Financial Intelligence Unit,

(c) a person for the time being lawfully exercising the functions of a person stated in paragraph (a) or (b),

(d)a person authorised to act on behalf of a person mentioned in paragraphs (a, (b) or (c),

(e) a person authorised to intercept communications under the Anti- Terrorism Act Cap. 4.02, the Telecommunications Act Cap. 16.05, the Electronic Crimes Act No. 27 of 2009 or any other law in Saint Christopher and Nevis;

 

communication includes

(a) except in the definition of postal service, anything transmitted by means of a postal service,

(b)anything comprising speech, music, sounds, visual images or data of any description, and

(c) signals serving either for the impartation of anything between persons, between a person and a thing or between things or for the actuation or control of any apparatus;

 

disclosure order means an order made pursuant to section 21, requiring access to electronic data;

 

entry warrant means a warrant issued pursuant to section 8 and section 10;

 

intercept means the acquisition of the contents of any communication through the use of any means, including an interception device, so as to make some or all of the contents of a communication available to a person other than the sender or recipient or intended recipient of that communication, and includes the

(a) monitoring of any such communication by means of a monitoring device,

(b)viewing, examining, or inspection of the contents of any communication, and

(c) diversion of any communication from its intended destination to any other destination, and interception shall be construed accordingly;

 

intercepted communication means any communication intercepted in the course of its transmission;

 

interception device means any electronic, mechanical or other instrument, device, equipment or apparatus which is used or can be used, whether by itself or in combination with any other instrument, device, equipment or apparatus to intercept any communication but does not mean any instrument, device, equipment or apparatus, or any component thereof

(a) furnished to the customerby a telecommunications provider in the ordinary course of business and being used by the customer in the ordinary course of his or herbusiness,

(b)furnished by such customer for connection to the facilities of such telecommunications service and being used by the customer in the ordinary course of business, or

(c) being used by a telecommunication provider in the ordinary course of business.

 

interception direction means a direction issued pursuant to sections 5 or 10;

 

judge means a judge of the High Court;

 

key in relation to any electronic data, means any code, password, algorithm or other data the use of which, with or without keys

(a) allows access to the data, or

(b)facilitates the putting of the data into an intelligible form;

 

listed equipment means any equipment declared to be listed equipment pursuant to section 26, and includes any component of such equipment;

 

Minister means the Minister responsible for national security; person means a body corporate or an unincorporated body; postal provider means any person who provides a postal service; postal service means any service which

(a) consists ofthe following, or one or more of them, namely the collection, sorting, conveyance, distribution and delivery whether in Saint Christopher and Nevis or elsewhere, of postal items, and

(b)is offered or provided as a service the main purpose of which, or one of the main purposes of which, is to make available, or to facilitate, by means of transmission from place to place of postal items containing communications, or

(c) operates as a courier service,

and references to postal items shall be construed accordingly;

 

private telecommunications network means any telecommunications network that is not a public telecommunications network and in relation to which the following conditions are satisfied

(a) it is attached, directly or indirectly and whether or not for the purposes of the communication in question, to a public telecommunications network, and

(b)there is apparatus comprised in the network which is both located in Saint Christopher and Nevis and used, with or without other apparatus, for making the attachment to the public telecommunications network;

 

protected information means any electronic data, which, without a key, cannot, or cannot readily be accessed or put in an intelligible form;

 

public postal service means any postal service, which is offered or provided to, the public or to a substantial section of, the public in Saint Christopher and Nevis;

 

public telecommunications network

(a) means a network commonly known as a public switched telephone network,

(b)means a telecommunications network used by any person to provide telecommunications services to the public, or

(c) includes a network whereby the public can send or receive telecommunications service to or from

           i.         anywhere in OECS Member States,

         ii.         anywhere outside Saint Christopher and Nevis;

 

telecommunications provider means a person who operates a telecommunications network or who provides a telecommunications service;

 

telecommunications network means any service that consists in the provision of access to, and of facilities for making use of, any telecommunications network whether or not it is provided by the person providing the service;

 

telecommunications service means any service that consists in the provision of access to, andof facilities for making use of, any telecommunications network, whether or not it is one provided by the person providing the service;

 

terrorist activity has the meaning given to it under the Anti-Terrorism Act Cap 4.02;

 

Tribunal means the Tribunal appointed pursuant to section 30.

 

(2) In this Act, the interests of national security shall be construed as including, but not limited to, the protection of Saint Christopher and Nevis from threats of sabotage, espionage, terrorist activity, or subversion.

 

(3) For the purpose of this Act detecting an offence shall be taken to include

(a) establishing by whom, for what purpose, by what means and generally in what circumstances any offence may be committed; and

(b)the apprehension of the person by whom an offence was committed;

 

 

PART II INTERCEPTION OFCOMMUNICATIONS

 

3.Prohibition of interception.

 

(1)Except as provided in this section, a person who intentionally intercepts a communication in the course of its transmission by means of a public postal service or a telecommunications network commits an offence and is liable to conviction on indictment to a fine not exceeding twenty five thousand dollars or a term of imprisonment not exceeding five years or to both such fine and imprisonment.

 

(2)A person does not commit an offence under subsection (1) if

(a) the communication is intercepted in accordance with an interception directionissued pursuant to section 5 or an entry warrant issued, pursuant to section 8, by a judge;

(b)subject to subsection (3), that person has reasonable grounds for believing that the person to whom or by whom the communication is transmitted consents to the interception;

(c) the communication is stored communication and is acquired in accordance with the provisions of any other law;

(d)the communication is intercepted as an ordinary incident to the provision of public postal services or telecommunications services or to the enforcement of any law in force in Saint Christopher and Nevis relating to the use of those services;

(e) the interception is of a communication made through a telecommunications network that is so configured as to render the communication readily accessible to the general public; or

(f) the interception is of a communication transmitted by a private telecommunications network and is done by a person who has;

           i.         a right to control the operation or use of the network; or

         ii.         the express or implied consent of a person referred to in subparagraph (i).

 

(3)A person does not commit an offence under subsection (1) where

a. the communication is one sent by or intended for a person who has consented to the interception; and

b.an authorised officer believes that the interception of communication is necessary for the purpose of an emergency, of preventing death or injury or any damage to a persons physical or mental health, or of mitigating any injury or damage to a persons physical or mental health or in the interests of national security.

 

(4)A court convicting a person of an offence under this section shall in addition to any penalty which it may impose in respect of the offence order the forfeiture and disposal of any device used to intercept a communication in the commission of the offence.

 

(5)For the purposes of this section, a communication shall be taken to be in the course of transmission by means of a telecommunications network at any time when the network by means of which the communication is being or has been transmitted is used for storing the communication in a manner that enables the intended recipient to collect it or otherwise have access to it.

 

4. Application for interception direction and unauthorised disclosure.

 

(1) An authorised officer who wishes to obtain an interception direction pursuant to the provisions of this Act, shall request the Director of Public Prosecutions to make an application ex parte to a judge in chambers on his or her behalf.

 

(2) Subject to section 10, an application referred to in subsection (1) shall be in writing in the prescribed form and shall be accompanied by an affidavit deposing the following

 

(a) the name of the authorised officer on behalf of which the application is made;

(b)the facts or allegations giving rise to the application;

(c) sufficient information for a judge to issue an interception direction on the terms set out in section 5 (1);

(d)the ground referred to in section 5 (1) on which the application is made; (e) full particulars of all the facts and the circumstances alleged by the

(e) authorised person on whose behalf the application is made including

           i.         if practical, a description of the nature and location of the facilities from which, or the premises at which the communication is to be intercepted; and

         ii.         the basis for believing that evidence relating to the ground on which the application is made will be obtained through the interception;

(f) if applicable, whether other investigative procedures have been applied and have failed to produce the required evidence or the reason why other investigative procedures reasonably appear to be unlikely to succeed if applied, or are likely to be too dangerous to apply in order to obtain the required evidence;

(g) the period for which the interception direction is required to be issued in accordance with section 7 (5); and

(h)whether any previous application has been made for the issuing of an interception direction in respect of the same person, the same facility or the same premises specified in the application and, if such previous application exists, indicating the current status of that application and any other directives issued by the judge.

 

(3) Subsection 2 (d) shall not apply in respect of an issue of an application of an interception direction on a ground referred to in section 5(1) (a), if a serious offence has been or is being or is likely to be committed for the benefit of, or at the direction of, or in association with, a person, a group of persons or syndicate involved in organised crime.

 

(4) Where an interception direction is applied for on the grounds of national security, the application shall be accompanied by a written authorisation signed by the Minister, authorising the application on that ground.

 

(5) Subject to subsection (6), the records relating to every application for an interception direction or the renewal or modification thereof shall be

(a) placed in a packet and sealed by the judge to whom the application is made immediately on determination of the application; and

(b)kept in the custody of the court in a place to which the public has no access or such secure place as the judge may authorise.

 

(6) The records referred to in subsection (5), may be opened if a judge so orders only

(a) for the purpose of dealing with an application for further authorisation; or

(b)for renewal of an authorisation; unless otherwise ordered by the court.

 

(7) Any person who discloses the existence of an application for an interception direction, other than to the authorised officer, commits an offence and is liable on conviction on indictment to a fine not exceeding twenty five thousand dollars or to a term of imprisonment not exceeding five years, or to both such fine and imprisonment.

 

(8) It shall be a defence in any proceedings against a person to show

(a) that the disclosure was made by or to an attorney-at -law in connection with the giving, by the attorney-at-law to any client advice about the effect of the provisions of the Act; and

(b)the person to whom, or as the case may be, bywhoma disclosure referred to in subsection (7) was made, was the client or a representative of the client.

 

(9) It shall be a defence in proceedings against a person for an offence under subsection (7) to show that the disclosure was made by an attorney-at-law

(a) in contemplation of, or in connection with any legal proceedings; and

(b)for the purposes of theproceedings.

 

(10) Subsection (7) or subsection (8) shall not apply in the case of a disclosure made with a view to furthering any criminal purpose.

 

(11) In proceedings against a person for an offence under subsection (7), it shall be a defence for that person to show that the disclosure was confined to a disclosure permitted by the authorised officer.

 

5.Issuance of interception direction.

 

(1) An interception direction shall be issued if a judge is satisfied, on the facts alleged in the application pursuant to section 4, that there are reasonable grounds to believe that

(a) obtaining the information sought under theinterception direction is necessary;

           i.         in the interests of national security; or

         ii.         for the prevention or detection of any offence specified in the Schedule, where there are reasonable grounds to believe that such an offence has been, is being or may be committed; or

       iii.         for the purpose, in circumstances appearing to the judge to be equivalent to those in which he or she would issue an interception direction by virtue of sub-paragraph (ii), of giving effect to the provisions of any mutual legal assistance agreement;

(b)other procedures;

           i.         have not been or are unlikely to be successful in obtaining the information sought to be acquired by means of the interception direction;

         ii.         are too dangerous to adopt in the circumstances, or

       iii.         having regard to the urgency of the case are impracticable; and

 

(c) it would be in the best interests of the administration of justice to issue the interception direction.

 

(2) A judge considering an application may require the authorised officer to furnish such further information as he or she deems necessary.

 

6. Scope and form of interception direction.

 

(1) An interception direction shall be in the prescribed form and shall permit the authorised officer to

(a) intercept, at any place in Saint Christopher and Nevis any communication in the course of its transmission;

(b)secure the interception in the course of its transmission by means of a postal service or a public or private telecommunications network, or such communications as are described in theinterception direction; and

(c) secure the disclosure of the intercepted material obtained or required by the interception direction, and of related communications data.

 

(2) An interception direction shall authorise the interception of

(a) communications transmitted by means of a postal service or a public or a private telecommunications network to or from;

           i.         one particular person specified or described in the interception direction; or

         ii.         one particular set of premises so specified and described; and

(b)such other communications, if any as may be necessary in order to intercept communications falling within paragraph (a).

 

(3) An interception direction shall specify the following

(a) the identity of the

           i.         authorised officer on whose behalf the application is made pursuant to section 4, and the person who will execute the interception direction;

         ii.         person, if known and appropriate, whose communication is to be intercepted; and

       iii.         postal service provider or the telecommunications provider to whom the interception direction to intercept must be addressed, if applicable;

 

(4) An interception direction may contain such ancillary provisions as are necessary to secure its implementation in accordance with the provisions of this Act or any other Act in Saint Christopher and Nevis.

 

(5) An interception direction issued pursuant to this section may specify conditions or restrictions relating to the interception of communications authorised therein.

 

 

7. Duration of interception direction.

 

(1) An interception direction shall cease to have effect at the end of the relevant period, but may be renewed at any time before the end of that period, on an application made pursuant to subsection (2).

 

(2) A judge may, on an application made for the renewal of an interception direction made by the Director of Public Prosecutions on behalf of an authorised officer before the expiration of the relevant period, if satisfied that the renewal of the interception direction is justified, renew the interception direction.

 

(3) An application for the renewal of an interception direction under subsection (2) shall be in writing in the prescribed form and shall be accompanied by an affidavit deposing to the circumstances relied on as justifying the renewal of the interception direction.

 

(4) If at any time before the end of the periods referred to in subsection (1) and (2), it appears to the authorised officer to whom the entry warrant is issued, or a person acting on his or her behalf, that an interception direction is no longer necessary, he or she shall request that an application be made by the Director of Public Prosecutions to the Court for the cancellation of the interception direction.

 

(5) For the purposes of this section relevant period means the period stated in the application pursuant to section 4 (2) (g) which period shall not exceed three months beginning with the date of the issuance of the interception direction or, in the case of an interception direction that has been renewed a period not exceeding three months from the date of its latest renewal.

 

8.Application, issuance, form, scope of entry warrant.

 

(1) An entry warrant shall not be issued by a judge, under this Act, unless there exists with respect to the premises to which the application for an entry warrant relates, a related interception direction.

 

(2) Where the Director of Public Prosecutions

 

(a) makes an application for an interception direction on behalf of an authorised officer pursuant to section 4, the Director of Public Prosecutions may at the time of making the application, also apply to the judge for the issuance of an entry warrant; or

(b)makes an application on behalf of an authorised officer pursuant to section 4, the authorised person on whose behalf the application was made, or any other authorised officer may, at any such stage after the issuance of the interception direction in respect of which such an application was made, but before the expiry of the period or the extended period for which it has been issued, request the Director of Public Prosecutions to apply ex parte to a judge for the issuance of an entry warrant on his or her behalf.

 

(3) Subject to section 9, an application for an entry warrant referred to in subsection (2), shall be in writing and in the prescribed form and shall

(a) be accompanied by an affidavit deposing the

           i.         name of the authorised officer on behalf of which the application is made;

         ii.         premises in respect of which the entry warrant is required; and

       iii.         specific purpose for which the application is made;

(b)if the application is made in terms of subsection (2) (b), also contain, proof that an interception direction has been issued, and an affidavit setting forth the results, if any, obtained in the interception direction concerned, from the date of its issuance up to the date on which the application was made, or a reasonable explanation of the failure to obtain such results; and

(c) indicate whether any previous application has been made for the issuing of an entry warrant for the same purpose or in respect of the same premises specified in the application and, if such previous application exists, indicate the status of the previous application.

 

(4) Subject to subsection (5), a judge may upon an application made to him by the Director of Public Prosecutions on behalf of an authorised officer, issue an entry warrant.

 

(5) An entry warrant shall be issued if the judge is satisfied, on the facts alleged in the application concerned that

(a) the entry into the premises is necessary for the purpose

           i.         ofintercepting a postal article or a communication on the premises; (ii) for installing and maintaining an interception device on, or

         ii.         for removing an interception device from, the premises; and

(b)there are reasonable grounds to believe that it would be impracticable to intercept a communication under the interception direction concerned otherwise than by the use of an interception device installed on the premises.

 

(6) An entry warrant

(a) shall be in the prescribed form in writing;

(b)shall contain the information referred to in subsection (3) (a) (ii) and (a) (iii); and

(c) may contain conditions or restrictions relating to the entry upon the premises concerned as the judge may consider necessary.

 

(7)An entry warrant shall permit an authorised officer to enter upon the premises specified in the warrant for the purposes of

(a) intercepting a postal article or a communication by means of an interception device;

(b)installing and maintaining an interception device; or

(c) removing an interception device.

 

(8) An entry warrant shall expire when

(a) the period or the extended period for which the related interception direction concerned has been issued, lapses,

(b)it is terminated pursuant tosection 10 by a judge; or

(c) the interception direction to which it relates is terminated in accordance with sections 9 or 10,

whichever first occurs.

 

(9)When an entry warrant has expired pursuant to subsection (8)(a), the authorised officer on whose behalf the application was made or, if he or she is not available, any other authorised officer who would have been entitled to request the Director of Public Prosecutions to make the application, shall, as soon as practicable after the date of expiry of the entry warrant, and without applying to a judge for the issuing of a further entry warrant, remove, or cause to be removed, any interception device which has been installed and which, at the expiry date of the entry warrant, has not yet been removed from the premises concerned.

 

9. Termination of interception direction or entry warrant.

 

(1) A judge who issued an interception direction or an entry warrant or both, or if he or she is not available, any other judge entitled to issue such a direction or warrant pursuant to section 4 or section 8 may

(a) terminate the interception direction or the entry warrant or both, if

           i.         the authorised officer fails to submit a report in accordance with section 12, if applicable; or

         ii.         the judge, upon receipt of a report submitted pursuant to section 12 is satisfied that the objectives of the interception direction or the entry warrant or both, have been achieved; or

       iii.         the grounds on which the interception direction or the purpose for which the entry warrant was issued, or both has ceased to exist; or

(b)terminate the entry warrant and make an order affirming the interception direction if the application for the interception direction and the entry warrant are related and he or she is satisfied that the interception of communication can be obtained by use only of the interception direction.

 

(2) Where a judge terminates an interception direction or an entry warrant or both, pursuant to subsection (1), he or she shall forthwith, in writing, inform the authorised officer concerned of the termination.

 

(3) Where an interception direction is terminated in accordance with this section or section 10

 

(a) the contents of any communication intercepted under that direction shall be inadmissible as evidence in any criminal proceedings or civil proceedings which may be contemplated, unless the Court is of the opinion that the admission of such evidence would not render the trial unfair or otherwise detrimental to the administration of justice; or

(b)any postal article that was taken into possession under that direction shall be dealt with in accordance with section 14 (3).

 

(4) Where an entry warrant is terminated in accordance with this section or section 10; the authorised officer shall, as soon as practicable, after having been informed of the termination, remove or cause to be removed from the premises to which the entry warrant relates, any interception device, which was installed pursuant to the entry warrant.

 

(5) Where an interception direction has been terminated pursuant to this section or section 10, an entry warrant issued pursuant to the interception direction shall also be deemed to be terminated.

 

10. Urgent application, form, issuance and scope of interception direction or entry warrant.

 

(1) Where a judge is satisfied that the urgency of the circumstances so require, he or she may dispense with the requirements for a written application and proceed to hear an oral application made by the Director of Public Prosecutions on behalf of an authorised officer for the granting of an interception direction, or an entry warrant, or both or for a renewal of either an interception direction or an entry warrant, or both.

 

(2) An oral application referred to in subsection (1) shall

(a) contain the information referred to in section 4(2) and section 8 (6) (b);

(b)indicate the particulars of the urgency of the case or the other exceptional circumstances which, in the opinion of the authorised person justifies the making of an oral application, and

(c) comply with any directives, which may be issued by the judge.

 

(3) A judge may, on an oral application made to him or her, issue an interception direction or an entry warrant or both, or a renewal thereof, if he or she is satisfied that

(a) there are reasonable grounds to believe that the interception direction or the entry warrant or both, shall be issued; and

(b)it is not reasonably practicable, having regard to the urgency of the case or the existence of exceptional circumstances, for the Director of Public Prosecutions to make a written application, on behalf of the authorised person, for the issuing of the interception direction or the entry warrant or both , applied for.

 

(4) An interception direction or an entry warrant issued pursuant to this section shall have the same scope as an interception direction or an entry warrant issued pursuant to sections 5 or 8.

 

(5) Where an interception direction or an entry warrant or both, is issued or renewed under this section, the Director of Public Prosecutions shall, on behalf of the authorised officer, within seventy-two hours of the time of the issue or, as the case may be, the renewal thereof, submit to the judge a written application and affidavit in accordance with the provisions of sections 4(2) and 8(3).

 

(6) On the expiration of seventy-two hours from the time of the issue or the renewal of the interception direction or the entry warrant or both; under this section,

(a) the judge shall, where a written application and affidavit is submitted in accordance with subsection (5), review his or her decision to issue or renew the interception direction or the entry warrant, or both; or

(b)the interception direction or entry warrant shall ceases to have effect where a written application and affidavit in accordance with subsection (5) is not submitted.

 

(7) In reviewing his or her decision pursuant to subsection (6), the judge shall determine whether the interception direction or the entry warrant or both, continues to be necessary pursuant to section 5(1) or section 8 (5).

 

(8) If the judge is satisfied that the interception direction or the entry warrant or both, continues to be necessary, he or she shall make an order affirming the issuance or, renewal thereof.

 

(9)Where the judge issues an interception direction and an entry warrant relating to the interception direction at the same time, and he or she is satisfied that the interception direction continues to be necessary pursuant to section 5(1), but not the entry warrant, he or she shall make an order affirming the issuance of the interception direction and terminating the entry warrant.

 

(10) If the judge is not satisfied that an interception direction or an entry warrant or both, continues to be necessary, he or she shall make an order terminating either or both.

 

(11) Where an interception direction or an entry warrant issued or renewed under this section is terminated under subsection (10), the direction or the warrant shall cease to have effect upon such termination.

 

(12) Where the issue or the renewal of an interception direction, is affirmed under subsection (8) of this section, the provisions of section 7 shall apply with respect to its duration as if the date of the order affirming the issue or the renewal of the interception direction were the date on which the warrant was first issued or, as the case may be, the date of its latest renewal.

 

(13) Where the issue or renewal of an entry warrant is affirmed under subsection (8), the provisions of section 8 shall apply with respect to its duration.

(14) Where an interception direction is terminated pursuant to this section, the entry warrant issued pursuant to that interception direction shall also be deemed to be terminated.

 

11. Modification of interception direction and entry warrant.

 

A judge may modify any of the provisions of an interception direction or an entry warrant or both, at any time, after hearing representations from the Director of Public Prosecutions acting on behalf of an authorised officer and if he or she is satisfied that there is any change in the circumstances, which may make the requested modifications necessary or expedient.

 

12. Reports on progress.

 

A judge who has issued an interception direction or an entry warrant or both, may at the time of issuance thereof, or at any stage before the date of expiry thereof, in writing, require the authorised officer on whose behalf the relevant application was made in respect of the interception direction or the entry warrant or both, to report to him or her in writing

(a) at such intervals as he or she determines on

           i.         the progress that has been made towards achieving the objectives of the interceptiondirection or the entry warrant or both; and

         ii.         any other matter which the judge deems necessary; or

 

(b)on the date of expiry of the entry warrant and interception direction concerned, or whether the interception device has been removed from the premises and, if so, the date of such removal.

 

13. Protection for acts done in good faith.

 

An authorised officer shall not be liable for any acts done by him or her in good faith pursuant to the provisions of this Act.

 

PART III

EXECUTION OF INTERCEPTION DIRECTIONS AND ENTRYWARRANTS

 

14. Execution of interception direction or entry warrant.

 

(1) If an interception direction or an entry warrant or both, has been issued pursuant to the provisions of this Act, an authorised officer may execute that interception direction or entry warrant or both.

 

(2) An authorised officer who executes an interception direction or an entry warrant or assists with the execution thereof may intercept, at any place in Saint Christopher and Nevis, any communication in the course of its transmission to which the interception direction applies.

 

(3) Where a postal article has been taken possession of pursuant to subsection (2), the authorised officer who executes the interception direction and the entry warrant or assists with the execution thereof

(a) shall take proper care of the postal article and may, if the postal article concerned is perishable, with due regard to the interests of the persons concerned, dispose of that postal article in such manner as circumstances may require;

(b)shall return the postal article, if it has not been disposed of in terms of paragraph (a), or cause it to be returned to the postal provider if, in the opinion of the authorised officer concerned

           i.         no criminal or civil proceedings as contemplated will be instituted in connection with the postal article or;

         ii.         the postal article will not be required at any such criminal or civil proceedings for purposes of evidence or for purposes of an order of the court; and

       iii.         such postal article may be returned without prejudice to the national security of Saint Christopher and Nevis, as the case may be.

 

15. Entry on premises for execution of entry warrant.

 

If an entry warrant has been issued pursuant to the provisions of this Act, an authorised officer who executes or assists with the execution thereof, may at any time during which the entry warrant is in force, without prior notice to the owner or occupier of the premises specified in the entry warrant, enter the said premises and perform any act relating to the purpose for which the entry warrant has been issued.

 

16. Duty to provide assistance.

 

(1) A person who provides a public postal service or a telecommunications service by means of a public or a private telecommunications network shall take such steps as are necessary to facilitate the execution of an interception direction or an entry warrant, or both.

 

(2) Where an authorised officer intends to seek the assistance of any person in executing an interception direction or an entry warrant or both, a judge shall, on the request of the Director of Public Prosecutions, appearing on behalf of the authorised officer, direct appropriate persons to furnish information, facilities, or technical assistance as may be necessary to accomplish the interception.

 

(3)A person who knowingly fails to comply with his or her duty under subsection (2) commits an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to a term of imprisonment not exceeding one year.

 

(4) An action shall not be brought in any court against a person for an act done in good faith in pursuance of an interception direction or an entry warrant or both, to provide information, facilities or technical assistance under subsection (2).

 

(5) Any person directed to provide assistance by way of information, facilities, or technical assistance pursuant to subsection (2), shall promptly comply in such a manner that the assistance is rendered

(a) as unobtrusively as possible; and

(b)with the minimum interference to the services that such a person or entity normally provides to the party affected by the interception direction or entry warrant, as can reasonably be expected in the circumstances.

 

(6) For the purposes of this Act, the provision of assistance includes any disclosure of intercepted material and related communication data to an authorised officer.

 

17. Confidentiality of intercepted communications.

 

(1) Where a judge issues an interception direction or an entry warrant, he or she shall issue such an interception direction or an entry warrant or impose such terms or conditions in the interception direction or entry warrant as he or she considers appropriate for the purpose of requiring the authorised officer to make such arrangements as are necessary

(a) for ensuring that

           i.         the extent to which the intercepted communication is disclosed;

         ii.         the number of persons to whom any of that communication is disclosed;

       iii.         the extent to which any such communication is copied; and

       iv.         the number of copies made of any part of the communication;

is limited to the minimum that is necessary for the purposes for which the interception direction or entry warrant or both, was issued or for any prosecution for an offence; and

(b)for ensuring that each copy made of anypart of that communication is;

           i.         stored in a secure manner for so long as its retention is necessary and

         ii.         destroyed as soon as retention is no longer necessary.

 

(2)Where any record is made, whether in writing or otherwise, of any communication obtained by means of an interception direction or an entry warrant or both, the person to whom the interception direction or the entry warrant or both, is issued, shall as soon as possible after the record has been made, cause to be destroyed after a prescribed period so much of the record as does not relate directly or indirectly to the purposes for which the interception direction or the entry warrant was issued or is not required for the purposes of any prosecution for an offence.

 

(3) A person who fails to comply with subsection (2) commits an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars.

 

18. Conduct of authorised officer on premises.

 

An authorised officer who has entered premises, pursuant to section 15, shall act in accordance with the provisions of the Code of Conduct referred to in section 37.

 

19. Assault of authorised officer.

 

A person who assaults an authorised officer, who enters premises pursuant to section 15, shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both such fine and imprisonment.

 

20. Offence of unauthorised disclosure of interception.

 

(1) Where an interception direction or an entry warrant or both, has been issued or renewed, every person mentioned under subsection (2) shall keep the following information confidential

(a) the existence and the contents of the interception direction and the entry warrant;

(b)the details of the issue of the interception direction and theentry warrant and of any renewal or modification of either;

(c) the existence and the contents of any requirement to provide assistance with the giving effect to the interception direction or the entry warrant;

(d)the steps taken pursuant to the interception direction or the entry warrant or of any such requirement; and

(e) everything in the intercepted material together with any related communications data.

 

(2) The persons referred to in subsection (1), are

(a) any person to whom an interception direction or an entry warrant pursuant to this Act may be addressed;

(b)any person holding office under the State;

(c) any person employed by or for the purpose of the Police Force or the

(a) Financial Intelligence Unit;

(d)any person providing a postal service or employed for the purposes of any business of providing such a service; and

(e) any person providing a public telecommunication service or an employee for the purposes of any business of providing such a service.

 

(3) A person, referred to in subsection (2), who makes a disclosure to any person of anything that he or she is required to keep confidential under subsection (1) commits an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to a term of imprisonment not exceeding one year, or to both such fine and imprisonment.

 

(4)It shall be a defence in any proceedings against a person pursuant to subsection (3) to show

 

(a) that the disclosure was made by or to an attorney-at -law in connection with the giving, by the attorney-at-law to any client advice about the effect of the provisions of the Act; and

(b)the person to whom, or as the case may be, bywhoma disclosure referred to in subsection (3) was made, was the client or a representative of the client.

 

(5) It shall be a defence in proceedings against a person for an offence under subsection (3) to show that the disclosure was made by an attorney-at-law

(a) in contemplation of, or in connection with any legal proceedings; and

(b)for the purposes of theproceedings.

 

(6) Subsection (4) or subsection (5) shall not apply in the case of a disclosure made with a view to furthering any criminal purpose.

 

(7) In proceedings against a person for an offence under subsection (3), it shall be a defence for the person to show that the disclosure was confined to a disclosure permitted by the authorised officer.

 

(8)In proceedings against any person for an offence under this section in respect of any disclosure, it shall be a defence for that person to show that the disclosure was confined to a disclosure authorised

(a) by the interception direction or the entry warrant or by the person to whom the interception direction or the entry warrant is or was addressed;

(b)by the terms of the requirements to provide assistance pursuant to section 16; or

(c) by section 16(6).

 

 

PART IV PROTECTED INFORMATION

 

21. Order requiring disclosure of protected information.

 

(1) Where protected information has come into the possession of an authorised officer by virtue of an interception direction or an entry warrant or both, pursuant to this Act, or by means of the exercise of a statutory power to seize, detain, inspect, search or otherwise to interfere with documents or other property, or is likely to do so, or has otherwise come into the possession of an authorised officer by any other lawful means, and he or she has reasonable grounds to believe that

(a) a key to the protected information is in the possession of any person; and

(b)disclosure of the information is necessary for any of the purposes specified in section 5(1)(a)(i) or (ii);

 

the Director of Public Prosecutions may apply in the prescribed form on his or her behalf to a judge in chambers for a disclosure order requiring the person whom he believes to have possession of the key to provide disclosure in respect of the protected information.

 

(2) A disclosure order under subsection (1)

(a) shall

           i.         be in writing in the prescribed form;

         ii.         describe the protected information to which the order relates;

       iii.         specify the time by which the order is to be complied with, being a reasonable time in all the circumstances; and

       iv.         set out the disclosure that is required by the order, and the form and manner in which the disclosure is to be made; and

(b)may require the person to whom it is addressed to keep confidential the contents of andthe existence of the order.

 

(3) A disclosure order granted pursuant to this section shall not require the disclosure of any key which

(a) is intended to be used for the purposes only of generatingelectronic signatures; and

(b)has not in fact been used for any other purpose.

 

(4) In granting a disclosure order required for the purposes of subsections (1) and (2), the judge shall take into account

(a) the extent and the nature of any other protected information outside the scope of the order to which the key is also a key; and

(b)any adverse effect that complying with the order might have on a business carried on by a person to whom the order is addressed,

 

and shall permit such disclosure as is proportionate to what is sought to be achieved, allowing, where appropriate, for disclosure in such a manner as would result in the putting of the information in an intelligible form other than by disclosure of the key itself.

 

(5) A disclosure order made pursuant to this section shall not require the making of any disclosure to a person other than

(a) the authorised officer named in the disclosure order; or

(b)such other person, or description of persons, as may be specified in the disclosure order.

 

22. Effects of disclosure order.

 

(1) Subject to subsection (2), a person to whom a disclosure order is addressed

(a) shall be entitled to use any key in his or her possession to obtain access to the protected information; and

(b)in accordance with the disclosure order, shall putthe protected information in an intelligible form.

 

(2) Where a disclosure order requires the person to whom it is addressed to disclose protected information in an intelligible form, that person shall be taken to have complied with that requirement if

(a) he or she makes, instead, a disclosure of any key to the protected information that is in his or her possession; or

(b)the disclosure is made in accordance with the order, with respect to the person to whom, and the time in which, the person to whom the disclosure order was addressedwas required to disclose the information.

 

(3) When a disclosure order requiring access to protected information or the putting of protected information into intelligible form, is addressed to a person who is

(a) not in possession of the protected information to which the order relates; or

(b)incapable, without the use of a key that is not in his or her possession, of obtaining access to the protected information or disclosing it in an intelligible form,

 

he or she shall be taken to have complied with the order if he or she discloses any key to the protected information that is in hisor her possession.

 

(4) It shall be sufficient for the purposes of complying with a disclosure order for the person to whom it is addressed to disclose only those keys, the disclosure of which is sufficient to enable the person to whom they are disclosed to obtain access to the protected information and to put it in an intelligible form.

 

(5) Where

(a) the disclosure required by a disclosure order pursuant to this section allows the person to whom it is addressed to comply with the disclosure order without disclosing all of the keys in his or herpossession; and

(b)there are different keys, or a combination of keys, in the possession of the person referred to in paragraph (a), the disclosure of which would constitute compliance with the order,

 

that person may select which of the keys, or the combination of keys, to disclose for the purposes of complying with the disclosure order.

 

(6) Where a disclosure order is addressed to a person who

(a) was in possession of any key to protected information but is no longer in possession of it; and

(b)if he or she had continued to have the key to the protected information in his or her possession, would be required by virtue of the order to disclose it; and

(c) is in possession of information that would facilitate the obtaining or discovery of the key to the protected information or the putting of the protected information into an intelligible form,

 

that person shall disclose to the person to whom he or she is required to disclose the key, all such information as is mentioned in paragraph (c) for the purpose therein mentioned.

 

(7) A person who, without reasonable excuse fails to comply with a disclosure order commits an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to a term of imprisonment not exceeding one year, or to both such fine and imprisonment.

 

(8) A person who obtains a disclosure order shall ensure that such arrangements are made as are necessary for ensuring that

(a) a key disclosed pursuant to the disclosure order is used to obtain access to or put into intelligible form only the protected information in relation to which the order was given;

(b)every key disclosed pursuant to the disclosure order is stored, for so long as it is retained, in a secure manner, and any records of such key are destroyed as soon as no longer needed to access the information or put it in an intelligible form; and

(c) the number of

           i.         persons to whom the key is disclosed or otherwise made available, and

         ii.         copies made of the key;

 

is limited to the minimum that is necessary for the purpose of enabling the protected information to be accessed or put into an intelligible form.

 

(9) Subject to subsection (10) where any relevant person incurs any loss or damage as a consequence of

(a) any breach by a person of the duty imposed upon him or her by subsection (8) or

(b)any contravention by any person of arrangements made pursuant to subsection (10) in relation to persons under the control of a person to whom subsection (8) applies;

 

the breach or contravention shall be actionable against that person at the suit or instance of the relevant person in accordance with section 30 (3).

 

(10) A person is a relevant person for the purposes of subsection (9) if he or she is

(a) a person who has made a disclosure in pursuance of an order made under section 18; or

(b)a person whose protected information or key has been disclosed in pursuance of an order made under section 18;

and loss or damage shall be taken into account for the purposes of section 18 to the extent only that it relates to the disclosure of a particular protected information or a particular key which, in the case of a person falling within paragraph (b), shall be his or her information or key.

 

(11) For the purposes of subsection (10):

(a) information belongs to a person if he or she has any right that would be infringed by an unauthorised disclosure of the information; and

(b)a key belongs to a person if it is a key to information that belongs to him or her or he or she has any right that would be infringed by an unauthorised disclosure of the key.

 

23. Tipping - off.

 

(1) This section applies where a disclosure order under section 21 contains a provision requiring

(a) the person to whom the disclosure order is addressed, and

(b)every other person who becomes aware of it or of its contents;

 

to keep confidential the making of the order, its contents and the things done pursuant to it.

 

(2) A disclosure order made under section 21 shall not contain a requirement to keep anything secret except where the protected information to which it relates has come, or is likely to come, into possession of an authorised officer by means which it is reasonable, in order to maintain the effectiveness of any investigation or operation or of investigatory techniques generally, or in the interests of safety or well-being of any person, to keep confidential from a particular person.

 

(3) Any person who makes a disclosure to any other person of anything that he is required by a disclosure order under section 21 to keep confidential, commits an offence and shall be liable, on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to a term of imprisonment not exceeding one years.

 

(4)In proceedings against any person for an offence under this section in respect of any disclosure, it shall be a defence for that person to show that

(a) the disclosure was effected entirely by the operation of software designed to indicate when a key to protected information has ceased to be secure; and

(b)the person could not reasonably have been expected to take steps, after the disclosure order was issued to him or her or, as the case may be,on becoming aware of it or of its contents, to prevent the disclosure.

 

(5) It shall be a defence in any proceedings against a person to show

(a) that the disclosure was made by or to an attorney-at -law in connection with the giving, by the attorney-at-law to any client advice about the effect of the provisions of the Act; and

(b)the person to whom, or as the case may be, by whom a disclosure was made, was the client or a representative of the client.

 

(6) It shall be a defence in proceedings against a person for an offence under this section to show that the disclosure was made by an attorney-at-law

(a) in contemplation of, or in connection with any legal proceedings; and

(b)for the purposes of theproceedings.

 

(7) Subsection (5) or subsection (6) shall not apply in the case of a disclosure made with a view to furthering any criminal purpose.

 

(8) In proceedings against any person for an offence under this section it shall be a defence for that person to show that the disclosure was authorised

(a) by the terms of a disclosure order made pursuant to section 21, or

(b)by or onbehalf of a person who

           i.         is in lawful possession of the protected information to which it relates; and

         ii.         came into the possession of that information as mentioned in section 21(1).

 

(9) In proceedings for an offence under this section against a person other than the person to whom the disclosure order under section 21 was addressed, it shall be a defence for the person against whom the proceedings are brought to show that he or she neither knew nor had reasonable grounds for suspecting that the order contained a requirement to keep confidential what was disclosed.

 

 

PART V

DISCLOSUREANDADMISSIBILITY OF INTERCEPTED COMMUNICATIONS

 

24. Disclosure of communications data.

 

(1) For the purposes of this section; communications data means any

 

(a) traffic data comprised in or attached to a communication, whether by the sender or otherwise, by means of which the communications is being or may be transmitted;

(b)information, that does not include the contents of a communication, other than data falling within paragraph (a) which is about the use, made by any person

           i.         of any postal service or telecommunications network; or

         ii.         of any part of a telecommunications network in connection with the provision to or use by, any person of any telecommunications service; and

(c) information not falling within paragraph (a) or paragraph (b) that is held or obtained, in relation to persons to whom he or she provides the service, by a person providing a postal or a telecommunications service;

 

designated person means the Minister or any person prescribed for the purposes of this section by the Minister by order published in the Gazette and subject to negative resolution of the National Assembly;

 

traffic data in relation to a communication, means any communication data

(a) identifying, or purporting to identify, any person, apparatus or location to or from which the communication is or may be transmitted,

(b)identifying or selecting, or purporting to identify or select, apparatus through or by means of which the communication is or may be transmitted;

(c) comprising signals for the actuation of;

           i.         apparatus used for the purposes of a telecommunications network for effecting, in whole or in part, the transmission of any communications; or

         ii.         any telecommunications network in which that apparatus is comprised;

(d)identifying the data or other data as data comprised in or attached to a particular communication; or

(e) identifying a computer file or a computer programme, access to which is obtained or which is run by means of the communication, to the extent only that the file or the programme is identified by reference to the apparatus in which it is stored, and references to traffic data being attached to a communication include references to the data and the communication being logically associated with each other.

 

(2) Where it appears to the court that a person providing a telecommunications service is or may be in possession of, or capable of obtaining, any communications data, the court may, by order, require the provider;

(a) to disclose to an authorised officer all of the data in his or her possession or subsequently obtained by him or her; or

(b)if the provider is not already in possession of the data, to obtain the data andto disclose the data to an authorised person.

 

(3) The court shall not issue an order under subsection (2) in relation to any communications data unless it is satisfied that it is necessary to obtain the data and to disclose the data to an authorised person.

 

(4) The court shall not issue an order under subsection (2) in relation to any communications data unless it is satisfied that it is necessary to obtain that data

(a) in the interests of national security;

(b)for the purpose of preventing or detecting crime or ofpreventing public disorder;

(c) in the interests of the economic well-being of Saint Christopher and Nevis;

(d)in the interests of public safety;

(e) for the purpose of protecting public health;

(f) for the purpose of assessing or collecting any tax, duty, levy or other imposition, contribution or charge payable to a government department;

(g) for the purpose in an emergency, of preventing death, injury or any damage to a persons physical or mental health, or of mitigating any injury or damage to a persons physical or mental health; or

(h)for any purpose, not falling in paragraphs, (a) to (g) which are specified for the purposes of this section by an order published in the Gazette made by the Minister pursuant to this section.

 

(5) An order made pursuant to this section shall state;

(a) the communication data in relation to which it applies;

(a) the authorised officer to whom the disclosure is to be made;

(c) the manner in which the disclosure is to be made;

(d)the matters falling within subsections (3) and (4) by reference to which the order is issued; and

(e) the date on which it is issued.

 

(6) An order, issued pursuant to this section, shall not require

(a) any communications data to be obtained after the end of the period of one month beginning on the date on which the order is issued; or

(b)the disclosure, after the end of such period, of any communications data not in the possession of the provider of the telecommunications service, or required to be obtained by him or her, during that period.

 

(7) The provisions of sections 21and 22, relating to disclosure orders, shall apply in relation to the disclosure of data pursuant to an order made in accordance with this section.

 

(8) Subject to subsection (9), a provider of a telecommunications service, to whom an order is issued under this section, shall not disclose to any person the existence or operation of the order, or any information from which such existence or operation could reasonably be inferred.

 

(9) The disclosure referred to in subsection (8) may be made to:

(a) an officer or agent of the service provider for the purpose of ensuring that the order is complied with;

(b)an attorney-at-law for the purpose of providing legal advice or representation in relation to the order.

 

(10) A person referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), of subsection (9), shall not disclose the existence or operation of the order, except to the authorised officer specified in the order for the purpose of

(a) ensuring that the order is complied with, or obtaining legal advice or representation in relation to the order, in the case of an officer or agent of the service provider; or

(b)giving legal advice or making representations in relation to the order, in the case of an attorney-at-law.

 

(11) A person shall not disclose any communications data obtained under this Act, except;

(a) as permitted by the order;

(b)in connection with the performance of his or her duties; or

(c) the Minister directs such disclosure be made to a foreign government or agency of such government where there exists between Saint Christopher and Nevis and such foreign government an agreement for the mutual exchange of that kind of information and the Minister considers it to bein the public interest that such disclosure be made.

 

(12) A person who contravenes subsection (8), (9), (10) or (11) commits an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to a term of imprisonment not exceeding one year or to both such fine and imprisonment.

 

25. Admissibility of evidence.

 

(1) In this section, sensitive information means any information that suggests or tends to suggest

(a) any of the details pertaining to the method by which the communication was intercepted or that might result in the disclosure of any of the details pertaining to the method by which data was obtained;

(b)the identity of any party who supplied the data; or

(c) the identity of any party carrying out or assisting in the interception.

 

(2) Subject to section 9 (3), the contents of a communication that is obtained in accordance with an interception direction issued under section 5 shall be admissible as evidence in any criminal proceedings or civil proceedings in accordance with the law relating to the admissibility of evidence.

 

(3) In any criminal proceedings or civil proceedings

(a) no evidence shall be adduced and no question shall be asked of any witness that suggests or tends to suggest the disclosure of sensitive information;

(b)a statement by the witness that the interception of the communication was permitted by virtue of section 5 or section 10, as the case may be, shall be sufficient disclosure as to the source and origin of the communication; and

(c) in proving the truth of a statement referred to in paragraph (b), the witness shall not be asked to disclose sensitive information.

 

(4) Subsection (3) shall not apply to any proceedings in respect of an offence under this Act, including any proceedings before the Tribunal referred to in section 30 in relation to an offence committed in contravention of the provisions of this Act,but if the Court is satisfied that

(a) the disclosure of sensitive information would jeopardize the course of any investigation being carried out by authorized officers; and

(b)the parties to the proceedings would not be unduly prejudiced thereby, the Court may exclude such disclosure.

 

26. Listed equipment.

 

PART VI LISTEDEQUIPMENT

 

(1) The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, declare any electronic, electro magnetic, acoustic, mechanical or other instrument, device or equipment, the design of which renders it primarily useful for purposes of the interception of communications, under the conditions or circumstances specified in the notice, to be listed equipment.

 

(2) A notice under subsection (1) may at any time be amended or revoked.

 

(3) Before the Minister exercises the powers conferred upon him or her under subsection (1), he or she shall cause to be published in the Gazette a draft of the proposed notice, together with a notice inviting all interested parties to submit to him or her in writing and within a specified period, comments and representations in connection with the proposed notice.

 

(4) A period not less than one month shall elapse between the production of the draft notice and the publication of the notice under subsection (1).

 

(5) Subsection (3) shall not apply

(a) if the Minister, in pursuance of comments and representations received in terms of subsection (3) decides to publish a notice referred to in subsection (1) in an amended form;

(b)to any notice in terms of subsection (1) in respect of which the Minister is of the opinion that the public interest requires that it be made without delay.

 

(6)Any notice under subsection (1) shall be subject to negative resolution of the National Assembly.

 

27. Prohibition on manufacture and possession of listed equipment.

 

(1) Subject to subsection (2) of this section and section 28, a person shall not manufacture, assemble, possess, sell, or purchase any listed equipment.

 

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to any authorised officer or any other person who manufactures, assembles, possesses, sells, purchases, or advertises listed equipment under the authority of a certificate of exemption issued to him or her by the Minister under section 28.

 

28. Exemptions.

 

(1) The Minister may, upon application made by a person in the prescribed form, and acting upon the advice of Cabinet, exempt a person from one or all of the prohibited acts listed under subsection (1) of section 27 for such period and on such terms as the Minister may determine.

 

(2) The Minister shall grant an exemption under subsection (1) if he or she is satisfied that

(a) the exemption is in the public interest; or

(b)special circumstances exist which justify the exemption.

 

(3) An exemption under subsection (1) shall be granted by issuing to the person concerned, a certificate of exemption, in the prescribed form in which his or her name, and the scope, period and conditions of the exemption are specified.

 

(4) A certificate of exemption granted under subsection (3) shall be published in the Gazette and shall become valid upon the date of such publication.

 

(5) A certificate of exemption may at any time be amended or withdrawn by the Minister.

 

(6) A certificate of exemption lapses upon

(a) termination of the period for which it was granted; or

(b)withdrawal under subsection (5).

 

29. Offence of contravention of section 27.

 

(1) A person who contravenes or fails to comply with section 27 commits an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding twenty five thousand dollars or, to a term of imprisonment not exceeding five years or to both such fine and imprisonment.

 

(2) A court convicting a person of an offence under subsection (1) shall in addition to any penalty which it may impose in respect of the offence, declare any listed equipment:

(a) by means of which the offence was committed;

(c) which was used in connection with the commission of the offence;

(d)which was found in the possession of the convicted person; or

(e) the possession of which constituted the offence to be forfeited to the State.

 

(3) Where a person is convicted of an offence referred to in subsection (1), the court shall, in addition to the penalty which it may impose in respect of the offence, declare forfeited to the State any equipment other than listed equipment which was found in the possession of the convicted person and

(a) the possession of which constitutes an offence;

(b)by means of which the offence was committed; or

(c) which was used in connection with the commission of the offence.