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WIPO/PUB/1050/2018

Report of the Director General to the 2018 WIPO Assemblies

This report is a presentation of the work accomplished by the Organization during the year that has passed since the last meeting of the WIPO Assemblies.

Année de publication: 2018

WIPO/PUB/BROCHURE/RE:SEARCH/2018

WIPO Re:Search – Collaborating to Mobilize the Power of Intellectual Property for Global Health

WIPO Re:Search aims to catalyze the development of medical products for neglected tropical diseases, malaria and tuberculosis through innovative research partnerships and knowledge sharing.

Année de publication: 2018

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/44

Measuring innovation in energy technologies: green patents as captured by WIPO's IPC green inventory

Economic Research Working Paper No. 44

We analyze inventions in green energy technologies over the period 2005-2017. We use a novel dataset, making use of the IPC Green Inventory of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) to analyze four broad categories of green energy technologies including alternative energy production technologies, energy conservation technologies, and green transportation. We use these data to look at how patent families and PCT international patent applications have evolved in this field in recent years. We find that energy innovation-related patenting has first expanded exponentially up until 2013, both in terms of the total number of patent families and PCT international patent applications in green energy technologies. Yet this period of accelerated growth in the number of published green energy patents has been followed by a period of deceleration—even a slow decline. Although most green energy technologies have seen a downward trend in the annual number of patents published since 2012, the decline has been most pronounced in nuclear power generation technologies and alternative energy production technologies. The latter notably include renewable energy technologies, such as solar and wind energy, and fuel cells. In contrast, patents in energy conservation technologies and green transportation technologies have continued to grow, but at a slower pace.

Année de publication: 2018

WIPO/PUB/917.1

Inventing the Future

An Introduction to Patents for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises

This is the third in the series of guides on Intellectual Property for Business. It focuses on patents, a crucial tool to enable a company to draw maximum benefit from new technological ideas.

Année de publication: 2018

WIPO/PUB/940/2018/EXEC-SUMMARY

Madrid Yearly Review 2018 - Executive Summary

International Registrations of Marks

This document provides the key trends in the use of the WIPO-administered Madrid System. This edition provides a summary of the statistics reported in the Madrid Yearly Review 2018.

Année de publication: 2018

WIPO/PUB/940/2018

Madrid Yearly Review 2018

International Registrations of Marks

Comprehensive facts, figures and analysis of the international registration of marks.

Année de publication: 2018

WIPO/PUB/901/2018/EXEC-SUMMARY

Patent Cooperation Treaty Yearly Review 2018 - Executive Summary

The International Patent System

This document provides the key trends in the use of the WIPO-administered Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT). This edition provides a summary of the statistics reported in the PCT Yearly Review 2018.

Année de publication: 2018

WIPO/LISBON/FLYER

Main Provisions and Benefits of the Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement (2015)

The Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement was adopted by the Diplomatic Conference for the Adoption of a New Act of the Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration, which took place in Geneva from May 11 to 21 , 2015. The Act establishes an international system of registration and protection for both appellations of origin and geographical indications.

Année de publication: 2018

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/49

Creators' Income Situation in the Digital Age

Economic Research Working Paper No. 49

The digital transformation imposes both opportunities and risks for creativity and for creative employment, with implications for trends in income levels and the distribution of income. First, we consider skill-biased technological change as a determinant of income and labor market outcomes in the arts. Arguably, the IT revolution has changed the demand for certain skills, with creative occupations being more in demand than general employment. Second, we consider declines in the costs of generating new works and artistic experimentation due to digital technologies, and their effect on the barriers to entry in labor markets. Third, we touch upon the rise of online contract labor in certain creative professions as a determinant of income. Here, online platforms can change creators' access to work opportunities and it may alter the way income is distributed. We find that wage trends for creative workers in the digital age outperform general trends in the population: based on various data sources and various ways to identify creators, we see creators losing less or even gaining a better income position in relative terms. From a policy perspective, results do not lend support to the idea that creators' income situation has systematically worsened with the rise of the internet and its intermediaries. Evidence on changing distributions of income is ambiguous as trends differ from one country to the next.

Année de publication: 2018

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/43

Intellectual property use in middle income countries: the case of Chile

Economic Research Working Paper No. 43

We analyze the use of intellectual property (IP) by firms in Chile over the decade 1995-2005 as the then middle-income country experienced rapid economic growth of 4.7 percent per year. We use a novel dataset that contains a combination of detailed firm-level information from the annual manufacturing census, information on firms' innovative activities from Chile's innovation surveys, and firms' patent, industrial design, and trademark filings with the Chilean IP office. We use these data to look at how IP use by companies has changed over time and analyze the determinants of IP use, in particular first-time use. We find that sales growth prompts first-time use of patents and trademarks, though such use does not change the growth trajectory of firms nor does it improve their total factor productivity. We also find that trademark use is associated with new-to-the-world product innovation, which suggests that branding may be an important mechanism to appropriate returns to innovation in a middle-income country like Chile.

Année de publication: 2018