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WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/57

The Geography of Innovation: Local Hotspots and Global Innovation Networks

Economic Research Working Paper No. 57

Through successive industrial revolutions, the geography of innovation around the globe has changed radically, and with it the geography of wealth creation and prosperity. Since the Third Industrial Revolution, high incomes are increasingly metropolitan, leading to a renewal of inter-regional divergence within countries. These metropolitan areas are also hotbeds of innovation. At the same time, global networks for the production and delivery of goods and services have expanded greatly in recent decades. The globalization of production is mirrored in the globalization of innovation. This paper argues that the emerging geography of innovation can be characterised as a globalized hub-to-hub system, rather than a geography of overall spread of innovation. Although much attention has been given to explaining the rise and growth of innovation clusters, there is as yet no unified framework for the micro-foundations of the agglomeration and dispersion of innovation. In addition, there appear to be strong links between growing geographical inequality of innovation and prosperity, particularly within countries. This is particularly relevant in the context of declining overall research productivity, which could be driving growing geographical concentration. All in all, there is a rich agenda for continuing to investigate the relationship between the geography of innovation, economic development and income distribution.

Año de publicación: 2019

WIPO/PUB/WIPOCAMPUS

Environmental responsibility on the WIPO Campus

WIPO launched its Carbon Neutrality Project in 2009 and has been carbon neutral since 2014. This brochure highlights the Organization's commitment to climate action with examples of green innovation on the WIPO Campus.

Año de publicación: 2019

WIPO/PATINFORMED/FLYER

Pat-INFORMED - A global gateway to patent information about medicines

The Patent Information Initiative for Medicines (Pat-INFORMED) is an initiative of WIPO, the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations (IFPMA) and 20 leading,innovative biopharmaceutical companies. The initiative is built upon the belief that the patent system stimulates innovation while making patent information available and accessible.

Año de publicación: 2019

WIPO/PUB/944/2019

World Intellectual Property Report 2019 – The Geography of Innovation: Local Hotspots, Global Networks

Where exactly is innovation taking place? Relying on millions of patent and scientific publication records, the World Intellectual Property Report 2019 documents how the geography of innovation has evolved over the past few decades.

Año de publicación: 2019

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/58

Tied In: The Global Network of Local Innovation

Economic Research Working Paper No. 58

In this paper we exploit a unique and rich dataset of patent applications and scientific publications in order to answer several questions concerned with two current phenomena on the way knowledge is produced and shared worldwide: its geographical spread at the international level and its spatial concentration in few worldwide geographical hotspots. We find that the production of patents and scientific publications has spread geographically to several countries, and has not kept within the traditional knowledge producing economies (Western Europe, Japan and the U.S.). We observe that part of this partial geographical spread of knowledge activities is due to the setting up of Global Innovation Networks, first toward more traditional innovative countries, and then towards emerging economies too. Yet, despite the increasing worldwide spread of knowledge production, we do not see the same spreading process within countries, and even we see some increased concentration in some of them. This may have, of course, important distributional consequences within countries. Moreover, these selected areas also concentrate a large and increasing connectivity, within their own country to other hotspots, and across countries through Global Innovation Networks.

Año de publicación: 2019

WIPO/PUB/GC/19

Urgent Innovation – Policies and Practices for Effective Response to Public Health Crises

Public health crises require urgent innovation, not only in research and development (R&D) but also in the delivery of therapies and diagnostics. What constitutes “urgency” and “innovation” in these contexts? How are priorities and targets determined? Who is best placed to deliver results? This edition of the Global Challenges in Focus series explores themes discussed at a recent Global Challenges Seminar on the policies and practices that facilitate effective responses to global health crises.

Año de publicación: 2019

WIPO/PUB/1056

Intellectual Property Basics: A Q&A for Students

Compiled by the China National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA) with the support of the WIPO China Funds-in-Trust, this book gives students a basic yet comprehensive understanding of IP. Using a question-and-answer format, it covers the general rules of the IP system as well as the essentials of patents, copyright, trademarks and other forms of IP, such as industrial designs, geographical indications and traditional knowledge.

Año de publicación: 2019

WIPO/PUB/1058/2018

WIPO GREEN – Year in Review 2018

The WIPO GREEN Year in Review 2018 provides a snapshot of last year's activities and achievements. Some highlights include our regional matchmaking project in Southeast Asia, new green tech "deals," and the establishment of new strategic partnerships.

Año de publicación: 2019

WIPO/TISC/REPORT/18

Technology and Innovation Support Centers (TISCs) Report 2018

Celebrating 10 years of TISCs

This Annual Report highlights key trends and milestones of the TISC program since its launch in 2009, with a focus on the main achievements and developments in 2018.

Año de publicación: 2019

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/56

Measuring Innovation in the Mining Industry with Patents

Economic Research Working Paper No. 56

Traditionally, the mining sector has been considered a slow innovator compared to other industries, like the manufacturing or pharmaceutical industries. However, we observe an upsurge in the innovation activity of the mining industry in the first half of the 2000s. During this period, mining innovation started to increase rapidly after periods of stagnation and downward trends. To conduct and in-depth investigation of the global trends and patterns behind this structural change in mining innovation, we formulated a general search strategy to identify patent activity in this sector. The strategy is repeatable over time and in multiple databases. It enabled us to produce a dataset of patents in mining and mining-related technologies. Using this newly-created database we identified at the basis of the structural change a switch away from refining technologies into exploration and environmental technologies probably explained by the took over of the so-called 4th Industrial Revolution. The types of actors active in the mining innovation also changed across time: there are now many more individuals, research centers and universities innovating in mining and relatively less companies. Finally, the country composition in the pool of mining innovation activity has radically changed with the appearance of China on the global scene starting from early 2000.

Año de publicación: 2019