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Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (First Alteration) Act of July 16, 2010

 First Alteration of the Constitution

A

C O N S T I T U T I O N O F T H E F E D E R A L R E P U B L I C O F N I G E R I A ( F I R S T A L T E R A T I O N ) A C T , 2 0 1 0

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

SECTION :

1. Alteration of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999. 2. Alteration of Section 66. 3. Alteration of Section 69. 4. Alteration of Section 75. 5. Alteration of Section 76. 6. Alteration of Section 81. 7. Alteration of Section 84. 8. Alteration of Section 107. 9. Alteration of Section 110.

10. Alteration of Section 116. 11. Alteration of Section 132. 12. Alteration of Section 135. 13. Alteration of Section 137. 14. Substitution for Section 145. 15. Alteration of Section 156. 16. Alteration of Section 160. 17. Alteration of Section 178. 18. Alteration of Section 180. 19. Alteration of Section 182. 20. Substitution for Section 190. 21. Alteration of Section 200. 22. Substitution for Section 228 (a) and (b). 23. Alteration of Section 229. 24. Alteration of Section 233. 25. Alteration of Section 239. 26. Alteration of Section 246. 27. Alteration of Section 251. 28. Alteration of Section 272. 29. Alteration of Section 285. 30. Citation.

SCHEDULE

A 1095

CONSTITUTION OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA (FIRST ALTERATION) ACT, 2010

2010 ACT No. 5

AN ACT TO ALTER THE PROVISIONS OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC

OF NIGERIA 1 9 9 9 ; AND FOR RELATED MATTERS. [\6th July, 2 0 1 0 ] Commence-

ment.

ENACTED by the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria—

1. The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (in this Act Alteration of referred to as "the Principal Act") is altered as set out in this Act. ' h e . .

Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999.

2. Section 66(1) (h) of the Principal Act is deleted. Alteration of Section 66.

3. Section 69 of the Principal Act is altered, in paragraph (a), by inserting Alteration of immediately after the word "member" in line 4, the words, "and which signatures Section 69. are duly verified by the Independent National Electoral Commission".

4. Section 75 of the Principal Act is altered by deleting—

(a) the expression, "the 1991 Census of the Population of Nigeria or", in line 3 ; and

(b) the words, "after the coming into force of the provisions of this part of this Chapter of this Constitution" immediately after the word "Assembly", in lines 4 and 5.

5. Section 76 of the Principal Act is altered—

(а) in subsection (1), line 2, by inserting immediately after the word 'Commission" the words, "in accordance with the Electoral Act" ;

(б) in subsection (2), by substituting for the words— (/') "sixty days before and not later than the date on which the House

stands dissolved", in lines 2 and 3, the words, "one hundred and fifty days and not later than one hundred and twenty days before",

( i f ) "three months" in lines 3 and 4, the words, "ninety days", and (/(/) "one month" in line 4, the words, "thirty days.

6. Section 81 of the Principal Act is altered by substituting for the existing subsection (3) a new subsection "(3)"—

Alteration of Section 75.

Alteration of Section 76.

Alteration of Section 81.

A 1096 2010 No. 5 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria {First Alteration) Act

Alteration of Section 84.

Alteration of Section 107.

Alteration of Section 110.

*4(3) The amount standing to the credit of the—

(a) Independent National Electoral Commission, (h) National Assembly, and (c) Judiciary,

in the Consolidated Revenue Fund of the Federation shall be paid directly to the said bodies respectively ; in the case of the Judiciary, such amount shall be paid to the National Judicial Council for disbursement to the heads of the courts established for the Federation and the States under section 6 of this Constitution."

7. Section 84 of the Principal Act is altered by inserting immediately after the existing subsection (7) a new subsection "(8)"—

"(8) The recurrent expenditure of the Independent National Electoral Commission, in addition to salaries and allowances of the Chairman and members, shall be a charge upon the Consolidated Revenue Fund of the Federation."

8. Section 107(l)(A) of the Principal Act is deleted.

9. Section M 0 of the Principal Act is altered, in paragraph (a), by inserting immediately after the word "member" in line 4, the words "and which signatures are duly verified by the Independent National Electoral Commission".

Alteration of Section 116.

Alteration of Section 132.

Alteration of Section 135.

10. Section 116 of the Principal Act is altered—

(a) in subsection (1), line 2, by inserting immediately after the word 'Commission", the words, "in accordance with the Electoral Act" ; and

(b) in subsection (2), by substituting for the words—

(0 "sixty days before and not later than the date on which the House of Assembly stands dissolved", in lines 2 and 3, the words, "one hundred and

fifty days and not later than one hundred and twenty days before", (//') "three months" in line 4, the words, "ninety days", and (m) "one month" in line 4, the words, "thirty days".

11. Section 132 of the Principal Act is altered— (a) in subsection (1), line 2, by inserting immediately after the word,

"Commission" the words, "in accordance with the Electoral Act" ; and

(b) in subsection (2), lines 1 and 2, by substituting for the words, "sixty days and not later than thirty", the words, "one hundred and fifty days and not later than one hundred.and twenty".

12. Section 135 of the Principal Act is altered by inserting immediately after the existing subsection (2) a new subsection (2 A)

Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 2010 No. 5 A 1097 {First Alteration) Act

"(2A) In the determination of the four year term, where a re-run election has taken place and the person earlier sworn in wins the re-run election, the time spent in the office before the date the election was annulled, shall be taken into account."

13. Section 137(1)(/) of the Principal Act is deleted.

14. Section 145 of the Principal Act is substituted for anew section "145"—

"Acting 145.—(1) Whenever the President is proceeding on vacation or President js otherwise unable to discharge the functions of his office, he shall temporary' t r a n s m i l a written declaration to the President of the Senate and absence of the Speaker of the House of Representatives to that effect, and President until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, the

Vice-President shall perform the functions of the President as Acting President.

(2) In the event that the President is unable or fails to transmit the written declaration mentioned in subsection (1) of this section within 21 days, the National Assembly shall, by a resolution made by a simple majority of the vote of each House of the National Assembly, mandate the Vice-President to perform the functions of the office of the President as Acting President until the President transmits a letter to the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House of Representatives that he is now available to resume his functions as President."

Alteration of Section 137.

Substitution for Section 145.

15. Section 156 of the Principal Act is altered in subsection (1) (a), line 2, by inserting immediately after the word "Representatives", the words, "provided that a member of any of these bodies shall not be required to belong to a political party, and in the case of the Independent National Electoral Commission, he shall not be a member of a political party."

Alteration of Section 156.

16. Section 160 of the Principal Act is altered, in subsection (1), line 4, by inserting immediately after the word "functions", the words, "provided that in the case of the Independent National Electoral Commission, its powers to make its own rules or otherwise regulate its own procedure shall not be subject to the approval or control of the President."

Alteration of Section 160.

17. Section 178 of the Principal Act is altered—

(a) in subsection (1), line 2, by inserting immediately after the word, "Commission", the words, "in accordance with the Electoral Act" ; and

(b) in subsection (2), line 2, by substituting for the words "sixty days and not later than thirty", the words, "one hundred and fifty days and not later than one hundred and twenty".

Alteration of Section 178.

A 1102 2010 No. 5 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (First A Iteration) A ct

Alteration of Section 180.

Alteration of section 182.

Substitution for Section 190.

Substitution for Section , 228(a) antf (b).

18. Section 180 of the Principal Act is altered by inserting immediately after the existing subsection (2) a new section "(2A)"—

"(2A) In the determination of the four year term, where a re-run election has taken place and the person earlier sworn in wins the re-run election, the time spent in office before the date the election was annulled shall be taken into account".

19. Section 182 (1) ( / ) of the Principal Act is deleted.

20. Section 190 of the Principal Act is substituted for a new section "190"—

"Acting Governor during temporary absence oj Governor

190. (1) Whenever the Governor is proceeding on vacation or is otherwise unable to discharge the functions of his office, he shall transmit a written declaration to the Speaker of the House of Assembly to that effect, and until he transmits to the Speaker of the House of Assembly a written declaration to the contrary, the Deputy Governor shall perform the functions of the Governor as Acting Governor.

Alteration of Section 200.

(2) In the event that the Governor is unable or fails to transmit the written declaration mentioned in subsection (1) of th is section within 21 days, the House of Assembly shall, by a resolution made by a simple majority of the vote of the House, mandate the Deputy Governor to perform the functions of the office of the Governor as Acting Governor, until the Governor transmits a letter to the Speaker that he is now available to resume his functions as Governor."

21. Section 200(1) (a), line 2, of the Principal Act is altered, by inserting immediately after the word "Assembly", the words, "provided that a member of any of the said bodies shall not be required to belong to a political party and, in the case of tfte State Independent Electoral Commission, he shall not be a member of a political party".

22. Section 228 (a) and (b) of the Principal Act is substituted for a new section "22ST (b)—

"Powers of the National Assembly with respect to Political Parties

V guidelines and rules to ensure internal democracy within ' giolkjcai parties, including making laws for the conduct of party

fj^narteS; party congresses and party conventions ; and

(b) the conferment on the Independent National Electoral Commission of powers as may appear to the National Assembly to be necessary or desirable for the pupose of enabling the Commission ifnore effectively to ensure that political parties observe the practices 6f internal democracy, including the fair and transparent conduct of party primaries, party congresses and party conventions".

Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (First Alteration) Act

2010 No. 5 A 1099

23. Section 229 of the Principal Act is altered by deleting the interpretation of the word "association".

24. Scction 233(2) of the Principal Act is altered in paragraph(e) by—

(a) substituting for the word "or" after the word "President" in subparagraphs (/'), (ii) and (Hi), a comma - "," ; and

(b) inserting immediately after the word "Vice-President" in subparagraphs (/), (ii) and (//'/), the words, "Governor or Deputy Governor".

25. Section 239 of the Principal Act is altered by—

(a) substituting for the word "or" after the word "President" in paragraphs (a), (b) and (c), a comma -" , " ; and

(b) inserting immediately after the word "Vice-President" in paragraphs (a), (b) and (c), the words "Governor or Deputy Governor".

26. Section 246 of the Principal Act is altered—

(a) in subsection (1) (b), by— (/) substituting for the words, "National Assembly Election Tribunals

and Governorship and Legislative Houses Election Tribunals", the words "National and State Houses of Assembly Election Tribunals",

(ii) deleting subparagraph (ii), and (Hi) renumbering the paragraph appropriately ; and

(b) in subsection (3), line 2, by inserting immedately after the word "final", the words, "provided that an interlocutory application may be decided during the delivery of judgment".

27. Section 251 of the Principal Act is altered by inserting immediately after the existing subsection (3) a new subsection "(4)"—

"(4) The Federal High Court shall have and exercise jurisdiction to determine any question as to whether the term of office or a seat of a member of the Senate or the House of Representatives has ceased or his seat has become vacant."

28. Section 272 of the Principal Act is altered by inserting immediately after the existing subsection (2) a new subsection "(3)"—

"(3) Subject to the provisions of section 251 and other provisions of this Constitution, the Federal High Court shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine the question as to whether the term of office of a member of the House of Assembly of a State, a Governor or Deputy Governor has ceased or become vacant".

29. Section 285 of the Principal Act is altered—

(a) by substituting for the existing subsection (1) a new subsection "(1)"—

Alteration of Section 229.

Alteration of Section 233.

Alteration of Section 239.

Alteration of Section 246.

Alteration of Section 251.

Alteration of Section 272.

Alteration of Section 285.

A 1102 2010 No. 5 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (First A Iteration) A ct

"(1) There shall be established for each State of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory one or more election tribunals to be known as the National and State Houses of Assembly Election Tribunals which shall, to the exclusion of any Court or Tribunal, have original jurisdiction to hear and determine petitions as to whether—

(a) any person has been validly elected as a member of the National Assembly ; and

(b) any person has been validly elected as member of the House of Assembly of a State" ;

(b) by deleting subsection (2) ; (c) in subsection (3), lines 1 and 2 by substituting for the words "National

Assembly, Governorship and Legislative Houses Election Tribunals" , the words, "National and State Houses of Assembly Election Tribunals" ;

(d) in subsection (4), line 2 by substituting for the word, "two", the word, "one" ;

(e) by inserting new subsections "(5)"-"(8)"—

"(5) An election petition shall be filed within 21 days after the date of the declaration of result of the elections.

(6) An election tribunal shall deliver its judgment in writing within 180 days from the date of the filing of the petition.

(7) An appeal from a decision of an election tribunal or court shall be heard and disposed of within 60 days from the date of the delivery of judgment of the tribunal.

(8) The Court in all appeals from election tribunal may adopt the practice oi first giving its decision and reserving the reasons therefore to a later date."

Citation. 3 0 . This Act may be cited as the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (First Alteration) Act, 2010.

S E C O N D S C H E D U L E

Part I, Item 56 of the Second Schedule to the Constitution is altered by inserting before the word "Regulation" the words, "Formation and".

T H I R D S C H E D U L E

Item (F) of the Third Schedule to the Constitution is altered—

(a) by substituting for paragraph 14, a new paragraph "14"—

"14 (1) The Independent National Electoral Commission shall comprise the following members—

(a) a Chairman, who shall be the Chief Electoral Commissioner ; and (b) twelve other members to be known as Nat ional Electoral

Commissioners.

Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 2010 No. 5 A 1101 (First Alteration) Act

(2) A member of the Commission shall—

(a) be non-partisan and a person of unquestionable integrity ; and (b) be not less than 40 years of age in the case of the Chairman and not

less than 35 years of age in the case of the National Commissioners.

(3) There shall be for each State of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, a Resident Electoral Commissioner who shall—

(a) be appointed by the President subject to confirmation by the Senate ; (b) be a person of unquestionable integrity and shall not be a member of

any political party ; and (c) not be less than 35 years of age" ; and

(/') in paragraph (15)(c), line 2, by inserting immediately after the word "finances", the words, "conventions, congresses and party primaries".

S I X T H S C H E D U L E

The Sixth Schedule to the Constitution is altered—

(a) by deleting, the word "Assembly" and inserting immediately after the word "National" the words "and State Houses of Assembly Election Tribunals" in Heading "A" ;

(b) in paragraph 1(1), line 1, by deleting immediately after the word "National" the word "Assembly", and inserting the words, "and State Houses of Assembly Election Tribunals" ;

(c) in subparagraph (2), line 1, by substituting for the word "four", the word "two" ; and

(d) by deleting—

(/) Heading "B", and (ii) paragraph 2(1), (2) and (3).

A 1102 2010 No. 5 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (First A Iteration) A ct

I certify, in accordance with Section 2 (1) of the Acts Authentication Act, Cap. A2, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 2004, that this is a true copy of the Bill passed by both Houses of the National Assembly.

SALISU ABUBAKAR MAIKASUWA, m n i Clerk to the National Assembly

16 th day of July, 2010.

EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

This Act alters the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 among other things, to provide for the Financial Independence of the National Assembly and Independent National Electoral Commission.

S C H E D U L E T O T H E C O N S T I T U T I O N O F T H E F E D E R A L R E P U B L I C O F N I G E R I A ( F I R S T A L T E R A T I O N ) B I L L , 2010

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Short Title Long Title of the Summary of the Date Passed by Date Passed by of the Bill Bill Contents of the Bill the Senate the House of

Representatives

Constitution An Act to alter the Constitution This Bill seeks to alter the 2nd June, 2010. 3rd June, 2010. of the of the Federal Republic of Constitution of the Federal Federal Nigeria, 1999 among other Republic of Nigeria, 1999 Republic of things, to provide for the among other things, to provide Nigeria financial independence of the for the financial independence (First National Assembly and of the National Assembly and Alteration) Independent National Electoral Independent National Electoral Bill, 2010. Commission.

• Commission.

I certify that this Bill has been carefully compared by me with the decision reached by the National Assembly and found by me to be true and correct decision of the Houses and is in accordance with the provisions of the Acts Authentication Act Cap. A2, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 2004. I ASSENT.

SALISU ABUBAKAR MAIKASUWA, m n i Acting Clerk to the National Assembly

\6thDay of July, 2010.

I certify that this Bill has been duly passed in accordance with section 9(2) and (3) of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 and becomes an Act of the National Assembly.

DIMEJI S. BANKOLE, CFR Speaker of the House of Representatives

\6th Day of July, 2010.

Endorsed by:

DAVID A. B. MARK, GCON The President of the Senate

\6th Day of July, 2010.