Video Games: A report on the supply of video games in the UK, by the UK Monopolies and Mergers Commission, March 1995
2018 Newzoo Global Game Market Report.
Global Game Revenues Up an Extra $15 Billion This Year as Engagement Skyrockets; Tom Wijman, Nov 2020;
Nintendo’s console was called the Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) in the US. In Japan, it was called Super
As technology improved over the years making consoles more powerful and games more realistic, it also changed the way
peripherals would impact gameplay. These included controllers, headsets, sound, graphic cards, keyboards, cameras,
steering wheels, and even chairs designed for players. SCE’s introduction of the PlayStation game controller would have a
major impact on the success of the PlayStation as well as the gaming industry not only for its design but also for the way
it would affect game development and the player’s experience.
In some jurisdictions, trade secret protection is limited to technical information.
A stand-alone NDA is usually signed when you are contemplating a relationship. If the relationship continues, for example,
into a license agreement, those confidentiality aspects are usually incorporated into the subsequent agreement.
Businesses try to convince consumers on the reliability of a brand. The value of brand is obtained after consumers build
trust on the brand (brand recognition).
Trademarks play a valuable role in any business since consumers recognize a company and the quality of its products
through the use of various trademarks. A successful brand builds “goodwill” with the public and a consumer, each therefore
knowing the level of quality they can expect from that brand.
Interview with Phil Harrison: “1990s Sony Playstation UK launch, Video Games. YouTube video:
and “From Bedrooms to Billions: The Playstation Revolution”. Documentary film by Gracious Films. Directed by Anthony and
In the gaming industry, copyright protects the software that runs the hardware, the software used to develop the game
(source code) and the content within the game (story, characters, art, music).
This would also include any marketing materials created by employees and contracted third parties associated with the
console and the video games.
John Festinger, Video Game Law at pg. 20 (Lexis Nexis 2002).
This registration was based on the priority No. 6-9791, registered in Japan.
Patents give the inventor exclusive rights for making, using, and selling its invention for a limited period of time that
is new, involves an inventive step and is capable of industrial application. This incentive can increase the overall value
of a company, generate revenue from licensing fees, and provide a competitive edge by limiting competition. Inventors
typically file in their home country and may also consider a country that will result in the most revenue from sales of
Prior Art: All the relevant knowledge that existed prior to the priority date of a patent application. In some countries
there is a differentiation between printed publications, oral disclosures, and prior use, and where the publications or
disclosure occurred. Novelty and inventive step must be assessed in view of the prior art.
Freedom to Operate: The condition in which a particular action, such as testing or commercializing a product, can be done
without infringing valid patent rights of others.