AfSIS     Africa Soil Information Service
AI artificial Intelligence
AWD Alternate Wetting and Drying
CCRO Closed circuit reverse osmosis
DEVap desiccant-enhanced evaporative air conditioner 
EPO European Patent Office
ESTs environmentally-sound technologies
EWS early warning system
FAO Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations
FDI foreign direct investment
FI finance institution
GCF Green Climate Fund
GDP gross domestic product
GII Global Innovation Index
GIS geographic information system
ICT information and communication technology
IEA International Energy Agency 
IoT internet of things
IP intellectual property
IPC International Patent Classification
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPO intellectual property office
IPR intellectual property right
LDC least developed country
MABR membrane-aerated biofilm reactor
MAR managed aquifer recharge
MHEWS    multi-hazard early warning systems 
MSF multi-stage flash (desalination)
NAP National Adaptation Plan
NAPA National Adaptation Programme of Action
NDC Nationally Determined Contributions
NRW non-revenue water
NTFP non-timber forest product
PCT Patent Corporation Treaty
ppm parts per million
R&D research and development
RO reverse osmosis
SME small and medium-sized enterprises
TAP Technology Action Plan
TNA Technology Needs Assessment
UTFI underground transfer of floods for irrigation
UV ultraviolet
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization