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Consumer Act of the Philippines (Republic Act No. 7394)

Latest Version in WIPO Lex
Year of Version 1992 Dates Adopted: April 13, 1992 Type of Text IP-related Laws Subject Matter Trademarks, Trade Names, Competition, Other Notes Title I, Article 4 of the Consumer Act provides the definition of terms for purpose of the Act, relating, among others, to business name, firm name, counterfeit products, labeling, private labeler, trademark or trade name (Article 4(i); 4(v); 4(aq); 4(bf); and 4(bx)).

Title III, Chapter I protects consumer against deceptive, unfair and unconscionable sales acts or practices. Article 50(a)& (b) refers to acts of unfair competition related to intellectual property.
Title III, Chapter IV provides a legal framework for the labeling and fair package of consumer products, including, among others, the minimum labeling requirements for consumer products (Article 77), the mislabeling of food (Article 85); the special labeling requirements for cosmetics (Article 88); the mislabeling of drugs and devises (Article 89); and the labeling requirements of cigarettes (Article 94).
Title III, Chapter VI prohibits false and misleading advertising and sales promotion on consumer products. Article 112 sets out special advertising requirements for food, drug, cosmetic, device, or hazardous substance.

Article 173 of the Act states: 'This Act shall take effect thirty (30) days from the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.'
The Act has been reproduced with permission from the Lawphil Project, a legal website project of Arellano Law Foundation, Inc. © 2000-2013 Philippine Copyright. All Rights Reserved.

Available Texts Main text(s) Main text(s) English Consumer Act of the Philippines (Republic Act No. 7394) PDF HTML
Related Legislation Is amended by (1 text(s)) Is amended by (1 text(s))
Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003 (Republic Act No. 9211) (PH062)
Is implemented by (3 text(s)) Is implemented by (3 text(s))
Joint DTI-DOH-DA Administrative Order No. 01, Series of 2008, Rules and Regulations for Consumer Protection in a transaction covered by the Consumer Act of the Philippines (R.A. 7394) through Electronic Means under the E-Commerce Act (R.A. 8792) (PH157)
Department Administrative Order No. 07, Series of 2006, instituting Simplified and Uniform Rules of Procedure for Administrative Cases Filed with the Department of Trade & Industry (DTI) for Violations of the Consumer Act of the Philippines and Other Trade and Industry Laws (PH087)
Department Administrative Order No. 2, Series of 2002, Defining the Responsibilities and Liabilities of Manufacturers, Importers, Traders, Wholesalers, Distributors, Retailers and or their Agents, With Regard to Products Covered by Mandatory Product Certification and Prescribing Penalties for Violation Thereof (PH156)

WIPO Lex No. PH060