About Intellectual Property IP Training Respect for IP IP Outreach IP for… IP and... IP in... Patent & Technology Information Trademark Information Industrial Design Information Geographical Indication Information Plant Variety Information (UPOV) IP Laws, Treaties & Judgements IP Resources IP Reports Patent Protection Trademark Protection Industrial Design Protection Geographical Indication Protection Plant Variety Protection (UPOV) IP Dispute Resolution IP Office Business Solutions Paying for IP Services Negotiation & Decision-Making Development Cooperation Innovation Support Public-Private Partnerships AI Tools & Services The Organization Working with WIPO Accountability Patents Trademarks Industrial Designs Geographical Indications Copyright Trade Secrets WIPO Academy Workshops & Seminars IP Enforcement WIPO ALERT Raising Awareness World IP Day WIPO Magazine Case Studies & Success Stories IP News WIPO Awards Business Universities Indigenous Peoples Judiciaries Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions Economics Gender Equality Global Health Climate Change Competition Policy Sustainable Development Goals Frontier Technologies Mobile Applications Sports Tourism PATENTSCOPE Patent Analytics International Patent Classification ARDI – Research for Innovation ASPI – Specialized Patent Information Global Brand Database Madrid Monitor Article 6ter Express Database Nice Classification Vienna Classification Global Design Database International Designs Bulletin Hague Express Database Locarno Classification Lisbon Express Database Global Brand Database for GIs PLUTO Plant Variety Database GENIE Database WIPO-Administered Treaties WIPO Lex - IP Laws, Treaties & Judgments WIPO Standards IP Statistics WIPO Pearl (Terminology) WIPO Publications Country IP Profiles WIPO Knowledge Center WIPO Technology Trends Global Innovation Index World Intellectual Property Report PCT – The International Patent System ePCT Budapest – The International Microorganism Deposit System Madrid – The International Trademark System eMadrid Article 6ter (armorial bearings, flags, state emblems) Hague – The International Design System eHague Lisbon – The International System of Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications eLisbon UPOV PRISMA UPOV e-PVP Administration UPOV e-PVP DUS Exchange Mediation Arbitration Expert Determination Domain Name Disputes Centralized Access to Search and Examination (CASE) Digital Access Service (DAS) WIPO Pay Current Account at WIPO WIPO Assemblies Standing Committees Calendar of Meetings WIPO Webcast WIPO Official Documents Development Agenda Technical Assistance IP Training Institutions COVID-19 Support National IP Strategies Policy & Legislative Advice Cooperation Hub Technology and Innovation Support Centers (TISC) Technology Transfer Inventor Assistance Program WIPO GREEN WIPO's Pat-INFORMED Accessible Books Consortium WIPO for Creators WIPO Translate Speech-to-Text Classification Assistant Member States Observers Director General Activities by Unit External Offices Job Vacancies Procurement Results & Budget Financial Reporting Oversight
Arabic English Spanish French Russian Chinese
Laws Treaties Judgments Browse By Jurisdiction

Copyright (Excluded Works) Order 2008, Singapore

Latest Version in WIPO Lex
Details Details Year of Version 2009 Dates Entry into force: January 1, 2009 Issued: December 18, 2008 Type of Text Implementing Rules/Regulations Subject Matter Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights) Notes The Copyright (Excluded Works) Order 2008 expired on January 1, 2013.

Available Materials

Main Text(s) Related Text(s)
Main text(s) Main text(s) English Copyright (Excluded Works) Order 2008        

1 S 649/2008

First published in the Government Gazette, Electronic Edition, on 18th December 2008 at 5:00 pm.

NO. S 649





  1. Citation and commencement
  2. 2.
  3. Works to which section 261C(1)(a) of Act shall not apply

In exercise of the powers conferred by section 261D(2) of the Copyright Act, the Minister for Law hereby makes the following Order:

Citation and commencement

1. This Order may be cited as the Copyright (Excluded Works) Order 2008 and shall come into operation on 1st January 2009.


2. This Order shall remain in force until 31st December 2012.


3.—(1) In this Order, unless the context otherwise requires, ‘‘specialised format’’ means a format that —

is in Braille, audio or digital text; and
is intended solely for use by handicapped readers.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph 4(a), a dongle shall be treated as obsolete if —

it is no longer being manufactured;
it is no longer commercially available; or

S 649/2008 2

(c) its repair is no longer commercially available.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph 4(b), a computer program or video game shall be treated as being in an obsolete format if its contents can only be rendered perceptible by means of a machine or system that

is no longer being manufactured; or
is no longer commercially available.

Works to which section 261C(1)(a) of Act shall not apply

4. Section 261C(1)(a) of the Act shall not apply to the following works:

any computer program to which access is controlled by means of an obsolete dongle that is damaged or defective;
any computer program or video game
which is distributed in an obsolete format; and
to which access may be gained only by means of the original medium or hardware in or with which it was designed to be used or operated,

where circumvention of a technological access control measure that has been applied to it is for the purpose of preservation or archival reproduction of published digital works by a library or archive;

any literary work
which is in an electronic book format; and
in respect of which a technological access control measure has been applied to all existing electronic book editions of the work (including any digital text edition made available by an institution assisting handicapped readers) so as to
prevent the operation of the read-aloud function of the electronic book; or
prevent screen readers from converting the text into a specialised format;
any cinematograph film which is contained in the library of
a university;
a polytechnic;

(iii) an institute of technical education; or

3 S 649/2008

(iv) other tertiary educational institution, that conducts courses in film or media studies, where circumvention of a technological access control measure that has been applied to the cinematograph film is carried out by any film or media studies lecturer, or any staff or employee acting on the instructions of such lecturer, of the university, polytechnic, institute of technical education or other tertiary educational institution (as the case may be) for the purpose of

making compilations of portions of the work for educational use in the classroom; and

(e) any sound recording or cinematograph film which is

distributed in compact disc format; and
protected by a technological access control measure that
controls access to lawfully purchased sound recordings or cinematograph films; and
creates or exploits security flaws or vulnerabilities that compromise the security of personal computers,

where circumvention of the technological access control measure that has been applied to the sound recording or cinematograph film is solely for the purpose of testing, investigating or correcting in good faith such security flaws or vulnerabilities.

Made this 18th day of December 2008. CHAN LAI FUNG

Permanent Secretary,
Ministry of Law,

[LAW 44/001/028 Vol. 1; AG/LEG/SL/63/2003/1 Vol. 3]

Legislation Implements (1 text(s)) Implements (1 text(s))
Historical Versions Repeals (1 text(s)) Repeals (1 text(s))
No data available.

WIPO Lex No. SG046