About Intellectual Property IP Training Respect for IP IP Outreach IP for… IP and... IP in... Patent & Technology Information Trademark Information Industrial Design Information Geographical Indication Information Plant Variety Information (UPOV) IP Laws, Treaties & Judgements IP Resources IP Reports Patent Protection Trademark Protection Industrial Design Protection Geographical Indication Protection Plant Variety Protection (UPOV) IP Dispute Resolution IP Office Business Solutions Paying for IP Services Negotiation & Decision-Making Development Cooperation Innovation Support Public-Private Partnerships AI Tools & Services The Organization Working with WIPO Accountability Patents Trademarks Industrial Designs Geographical Indications Copyright Trade Secrets WIPO Academy Workshops & Seminars IP Enforcement WIPO ALERT Raising Awareness World IP Day WIPO Magazine Case Studies & Success Stories IP News WIPO Awards Business Universities Indigenous Peoples Judiciaries Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions Economics Gender Equality Global Health Climate Change Competition Policy Sustainable Development Goals Frontier Technologies Mobile Applications Sports Tourism PATENTSCOPE Patent Analytics International Patent Classification ARDI – Research for Innovation ASPI – Specialized Patent Information Global Brand Database Madrid Monitor Article 6ter Express Database Nice Classification Vienna Classification Global Design Database International Designs Bulletin Hague Express Database Locarno Classification Lisbon Express Database Global Brand Database for GIs PLUTO Plant Variety Database GENIE Database WIPO-Administered Treaties WIPO Lex - IP Laws, Treaties & Judgments WIPO Standards IP Statistics WIPO Pearl (Terminology) WIPO Publications Country IP Profiles WIPO Knowledge Center WIPO Technology Trends Global Innovation Index World Intellectual Property Report PCT – The International Patent System ePCT Budapest – The International Microorganism Deposit System Madrid – The International Trademark System eMadrid Article 6ter (armorial bearings, flags, state emblems) Hague – The International Design System eHague Lisbon – The International System of Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications eLisbon UPOV PRISMA UPOV e-PVP Administration UPOV e-PVP DUS Exchange Mediation Arbitration Expert Determination Domain Name Disputes Centralized Access to Search and Examination (CASE) Digital Access Service (DAS) WIPO Pay Current Account at WIPO WIPO Assemblies Standing Committees Calendar of Meetings WIPO Webcast WIPO Official Documents Development Agenda Technical Assistance IP Training Institutions COVID-19 Support National IP Strategies Policy & Legislative Advice Cooperation Hub Technology and Innovation Support Centers (TISC) Technology Transfer Inventor Assistance Program WIPO GREEN WIPO's Pat-INFORMED Accessible Books Consortium WIPO for Creators WIPO Translate Speech-to-Text Classification Assistant Member States Observers Director General Activities by Unit External Offices Job Vacancies Procurement Results & Budget Financial Reporting Oversight
Arabic English Spanish French Russian Chinese
Laws Treaties Judgments Browse By Jurisdiction

Decree No. 20 of 1995. (XII. 26.) of the Minister of Justice (IM) on the Detailed Formalities of Patent Applications, Hungary

Back
Latest Version in WIPO Lex
Details Details Year of Version 1995 Dates Entry into force: January 1, 1996 Adopted: December 26, 1995 Type of Text Implementing Rules/Regulations Subject Matter Patents (Inventions), Plant Variety Protection, IP Regulatory Body, Industrial Property Notes Date of entry into force: See Article 8 for further details.

Available Materials

Main Text(s) Related Text(s)
Main text(s) Main text(s) English Decree No. 20 of 1995. (XII. 26.) of the Minister of Justice (IM) on the Detailed Formalities of Patent Applications        

0BDecree No. 20/1995. (XII.26.) IM of the Minister of Justice on

the Detailed Formalities of Patent Applications

By virtue of the authorization under Article 118 of Law No. XXXIII of 1995 on the

Protection of Inventions by Patents I order, in concert with the President of the Hungarian

Patent Office, as follows;

The Patent Application

Article 1

(1) The patent application shall contain:

a) a request,

b) a description with one or more claims,

c) one or more drawings where necessary for the understanding of the invention,

d) an abstract,

e) the document appointing the representative, if any,

f) a deed of assignment, if the applicant is the successor in title of the inventor,

g) a priority document where convention priority is claimed,

h) where a statement on the display of the invention at an exhibition is made, the

relevant certificate,

i) in the case of an invention involving the use of a microorganism which is not

available to the public and cannot be disclosed in the patent application, a receipt

concerning the deposit of the said microorganism,

j) a fee for administrative services prescribed by special decree.

(2) The request, the description with the claims, the drawings, and the abstract shall

commence on a new sheet and shall be separately numbered in consecutive numerals; the

contents thereof shall be in accordance with each other.

(3) The terminology shall be consistent throughout the application; for technical

notions Hungarian terms, failing which, the terms of international practice shall be

observed; units of measures shall be expressed in terms of units specified by special

legislation, failing which, in units accepted in international practice.

The Request

Article 2

The request shall be filed in one copy and shall contain:

a) the name and address of the applicant; if there are several applicants, the shares

of their entitlement if they are not equal,

b) the title of the invention (short and precise indication of its subject matter),

c) a declaration that the applicant is the inventor or his/her successor in title,

d) the name and address of the inventor; if there are several inventors, the shares of

authorship if they are not equal,

e) the name and address of the representative, if any,

f) when claiming convention or internal priority, a declaration to this effect,

indicating the filing date, country and number of the foreign patent application in the case

of convention priority, or the filing date and reference number of the pending application

in the case of internal priority,

g) in the case of displaying the invention at an exhibition, a statement to this effect,

h) in the case of derivation or division, a declaration to this effect, indicating the

reference number, as well as the filing and priority dates of the original application,

i) a petition for the grant of a patent,

j) a list indicating the documents attached to the request,

k) the signature of the applicant (of all of the applicants) or of the representative.

The Description and the Claims

Article 3

(1) The description and the claims shall be filed in three identical copies, prepared

as follows:

a) the description and the claims shall be made on one side of strong and white

sheets of A4 size (29.7 cm x 21.0 cm); all sheets shall be so connected that they can be

easily separated and joined again;

b) the margins of the sheets shall be 2.5 to 4 cm on the left side, 2 to 4 cm on the

top and 2 to 3 cm on the other sides;

c) the description and the claims shall be typed or printed and shall be 1½- or 2-

spaced; chemical or mathematical formulae and foreign characters may, when necessary,

be written by hand;

d) the description and the claims may contain only minor erasures, corrections or

insertions not affecting the authenticity of the text, these shall be signed in the margin of

the sheet;

e) the description and the claims shall not contain drawings, they may, however,

contain tables and chemical or mathematical formulae denoted by numbers or letters; the

claims may contain tables only if it is indispensable;

f) reference signs contained in the drawings shall be placed in the description

before the feature denoted without parentheses, and in the claims after the feature denoted

between parentheses; the claim may refer to the description or the drawings only by the

reference signs; the description shall contain all the reference signs indicated in the

drawings;

g) the description and the claims shall be signed at the end of the last sheet by the

applicant (by all of the applicants) or by the representative;

(2) The patent description shall:

a) contain the title of the invention,

b) specify shortly the subject matter and the field of application of the invention,

c) indicate the background art by describing the solutions which are closest to the

invention and by citing, where possible, the documents reflecting such art, further it shall

describe the deficiencies the improvement of which is aimed at by the invention,

d) indicate the technical problem to be solved by the invention,

e) set forth the most general mode for carrying out the invention, in compliance

with the independent claim,

f) describe the advantageous modes when necessary, in compliance with the

dependent claims,

g) enumerate the figures by indicating their subject,

h) contain one or more examples supporting the scope of protection,

i) state the advantageous effects of the invention with reference to the background

art.

(3) The claims defining the matter for which protection is sought shall be prepared

in terms of the technical features of the invention as follows:

a) depending on the nature of the invention, claims may be drafted for a product, an

apparatus, a process or for use;

b) the claims shall consist of one sentence and shall be numbered in consecutive

Arabic numerals;

c) the claims — with the exception of HUparagraph d)UH — shall contain a statement and

a characterizing portion; the statement shall indicate the subject matter of the invention

and, where appropriate, its features common with the solution closest to the invention and

forming part of the state-of-the-art; the characterizing portion shall indicate the features

that distinguish the invention from that solution; the statement and the characterizing

portion shall be linked by the words “characterized by” or “characterized in that”;

d) in claims relating to new compounds and new mixtures, as well as to the use of

compounds and mixtures, the features shall be indicated continuously, without being

divided into a statement and a characterizing portion;

e) all the features that are absolutely necessary to solve the technical problem shall

be included in one or — where a group of inventions is claimed in one patent application

— more independent claims;

f) the advantageous solutions belonging to the scope of protection of the

independent claim may be included in dependent claims; the dependent claim shall refer

to the independent claim directly or indirectly;

g) claims shall not, except where absolutely necessary, rely, in respect of the

technical features of the invention, on references to the description, drawings or other

documents.

The Drawings

Article 4

The drawings, including flow sheets and diagrams, shall be filed in three identical

copies and shall be executed by using the rules of technical drawing as follows:

a) drawings shall be placed on one side of strong and white sheets of A4 size, on

the sheets margins not less than 2 cm without frames shall be left;

b) drawings shall be executed in dark, well-visible, durable and uniformly thick

lines without colorings, shadowings, folding and cracks, cross-sections shall be identified

by hatching;

c) the scale and the graphical execution of the drawings shall be such that a

reduction in size to two-thirds would enable all details to be distinguished without

difficulty;

d) where figures on two or more sheets are intended to form a single complete

figure, the figures on the several sheets shall be so arranged that the complete figure can

be assembled without concealing any part of the figures appearing on the various sheets;

e) the different figures shall be arranged on a sheet or sheets clearly separated from

one another, and shall be numbered in Arabic numerals consecutively, independently of

the numbering of the sheets;

f) all reference signs (numbers and letters) appearing on the drawings shall be

simple and clear; the height of the numbers and letters shall not be less than 0.32 cm, on

drawings containing chemical formulae the diametre of rings shall not be less than 1.4

cm; brackets, circles or inverted commas shall not be used in association with numbers

and letters; for the lettering of figures, the Latin and, where customary, the Greek

alphabets shall be used;

g) any part of the figures may contain reference signs only if they appear in the

description as well; the same features of the drawings shall be denoted by the same

reference signs corresponding to those figuring in the description and the claims;

h) the drawings shall not contain indications of size and text matter, except short

and simple words (such as “water”, “steam”, “section on AB”, “open”, “closed”)

indispensable for understanding, and a few catchwords indispensable for understanding

block schematic or flow sheet diagrams;

i) each sheet shall contain on the margin the number of the given sheet and the total

number of sheets separated by a slant.

The Abstract

Article 5

(1) The abstract shall be filed in three copies and shall contain:

a) the title of the invention,

b) a short summary — preferably 50 to 150 words — of the invention as disclosed

in the description, the claims and the drawings, which allows the clear understanding of

the gist of the solution of the problem through the invention and the principal use of the

invention.

(2) At the end of the abstract the number of the figure which best characterizes the

invention shall be indicated, the reference signs of which shall be used in the abstract

(following the feature mentioned, between parentheses).

Special Provisions Concerning Plant Varieties

Article 6

(1) In the case of patent applications concerning plant varieties the provisions of

HUArticles 2 to 4UH shall apply with the following differences:

a) the title of the invention shall contain the variety denomination, the common

name, and the Latin name of the species between parentheses; in the case of State

qualified varieties, the denomination registered in the course of qualification shall be

used;

b) the description shall characterize the plant variety to an extent necessary for

identification, by indicating those essential morphological and other measurable

characteristics which may distinguish it from the commonly known variety that is the

most similar to the claimed variety;

c) the commonly known varieties may be referred to in the description and in the

claims by the variety denomination as well;

d) the statement of the claim shall contain the variety denomination, the common

name of the variety as well as its origin and known features, the characterizing portion

shall contain those features which distinguish the plant variety from the commonly

known variety that is the most similar to the claimed variety;

e) the plant variety shall be presented, by showing as far as possible the important

distinctive features disclosed in the description, on photos, filed in three identical copies,

that admit of reproduction.

Special Provisions Concerning Animal Breeds

Article 7

(1) In the case of patent applications concerning animal breeds the provisions of

HUArticles 2 to 4UH shall apply with the following differences:

a) the title of the invention shall contain the denomination of the breed, the

common name, and the Latin name of the species between parentheses; in the case of

State approved breeds, the denomination registered in the course of approval shall be

used;

b) the description shall characterize the animal breed to an extent necessary for

identification, on the basis of assessment characteristics which may distinguish it from

the commonly known breed that is the most similar to the claimed breed, furthermore,

where an animal breed does not fall within the scope of the Law on Livestock Breeding,

by expounding knowledge important from the point of view of reproducibility;

c) the commonly known breeds may be referred to in the description and in the

claims by the denomination of the breed as well;

d) the statement of the claim shall contain the denomination of the breed, its

common name and, where necessary, its origin and known features, the characterizing

portion shall contain those features which distinguish the animal breed from the

commonly known breed that is the most similar to the claimed breed;

e) the animal breed shall be presented, by showing as far as possible the important

distinctive features disclosed in the description, on photos, filed in three identical copies,

that admit of reproduction.

Entry into Force

Article 8

(1) This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 1996; its provisions shall apply

to patent applications filed after its entry into force.

(2) Simultaneously with the entry into force of this Decree the Decree No. 16/1994

(IX. 13.) IM on the Detailed Formalities of Patent Applications shall be repealed.


No data available.

WIPO Lex No. HU034