Utility Models

In some countries, inventions may also be protected by utility models, which are also known as "petty patents" or "utility innovations." The conditions for the registration of utility models are usually less stringent (since no inventive step or only a less significant inventive step is required), the procedure for registration is faster (since novelty and inventive step are usually not examined prior to registration) and acquisition and maintenance fees are generally lower than those applicable to patents. Applications are usually to be filed with the national IP Office.

For more on utility models see "Protecting Innovations by Utility Models."