Surveys on Text and Image Copyright Levies

WIPO/PUB/1042/2017/EN

International Survey on Text and Image Copyright Levies
2016 Edition

Author(s): IFRRO; Publication year: 2017

The third ‘International Survey of Text and Image Copyright Levies’, jointly published by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the International Federation of Reprographic Rights Organizations (IFRRO) builds on and updates the first two surveys published in 2014 and 2015, and analyzes the origins, scope and current use of these levies around the world, and their role in ensuring easy legal access to copyright material. The Survey also shows how and why text and image (TI) levies are different from audio and audio-visual private copying levies. As with the first two surveys, it uses data from IFRRO members, collated and presented by Paul Greenwood, a consultant, with the assistance of representatives of IFRRO members and the IFRRO Secretariat. The methodology and scope are unchanged.

WIPO/PUB/1042/2016/EN

International Survey on Text and Image Copyright Levies
2015 Edition

Author(s): IFRRO; Publication year: 2015

The second ‘International Survey of Text and Image Copyright Levies’, jointly published by WIPO and IFRRO analyzes the origins, scope and current use of text and image copyright levies around the world. It shows the role of this mechanism for ensuring easy legal access to copyright material and its major differences with audio and audio-visual private copying levies. The Survey is based on data from IFRRO members and provides and overview of this important income stream for copyright holders.

WIPO/PUB/1042E

International Survey on Text and Image Copyright Levies
2014 Edition

Author(s): IFRRO; Publication year: 2014

The publication provides an international overview of the functioning of the various models of text and image levies which are currently in operation across the world. The survey demonstrates that the practice of operating levies is a commonly used way to provide authors and publishers with remuneration for certain uses of their copyright works.