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WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/28

3D printing and the intellectual property system

Economic Research Working Paper No. 28

Three-dimensional (3D) printing – or “additive manufacturing” – technologies differ from traditional molding and casting manufacturing processes in that they build 3D objects by successively creating layers of material on top of each other. Rooted in manufacturing research of the 1980s, 3D printing has evolved into a broad set of technologies that could fundamentally alter production processes in a wide set of technology areas. This report investigates, from the perspective of an intellectual property scholar, how 3D printing technology has developed over the last few decades, how intellectual property rights have shaped this breakthrough innovation and how 3D printing technologies could challenge the intellectual property rights system in the future.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/27

Breakthrough technologies – Semiconductor, innovation and intellectual property

Economic Research Working Paper No. 27

Semiconductor technology is at the origin of today's digital economy. Its contribution to innovation, productivity and economic growth in the past four decades has been extensive. This paper analyzes how this breakthrough technology came about, how it diffused, and what role intellectual property played historically.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/26

Intellectual property rights and pharmaceuticals: The case of antibiotics

Economic Research Working Paper No. 26

The development and diffusion of antibiotics contributed to large improvements in human health and living standards. The antibiotic revolution also spawned the modern pharmaceutical industry. This paper reviews the development of the early antibiotics, and the roles of intellectual property rights (in particular, patents) in their development and diffusion.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/PUB/ECONSTAT/WP/25

Breakthrough innovations in aircraft and the intellectual property system, 1900-1975

Economic Research Working Paper No. 25

Modern commercial aircraft are complex products that incorporate innovations in technologies ranging from advanced materials to software and electronics. Although commercial aircraft assuredly qualify as a transformative innovation, in fact today's commercial aircraft are the result of a process of incremental innovation and improvement that dates back more than a century. A great many of these improvements and incremental innovations originated from government-supported R&D programs sponsored by the military services or government research laboratories. The adoption of commercial-aircraft innovations within many industrial economies, including the United States, also has been influenced by government regulation of air transportation. This paper provides a historical characterization of the innovation and record of technical progress in US commercial aircraft during the 1900-1975 period. It identifies the sources of support for innovation and technological adoption, and examines the origins and impacts of “breakthrough innovations” on the overall evolution of the global commercial aircraft industry. The paper also assesses the role of patents in these important innovations.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/PUB/943/2014

WIPO IP Facts and Figures 2014

An overview of intellectual property activity based on the latest available year of complete statistics.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/RE:SEARCH/BVGH

BVGH Partnership Hub Report - Catalyzing Partnerships for Global Health

The consortium's objective is to establish partnerships that facilitate sharing of IP assets to advance the discovery and development of new drugs, vaccines, and diagnostics for NTDs, malaria, and tuberculosis.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/PUB/930/2015

Hague Yearly Review - International Registrations of Industrial Designs - 2015

Comprehensive facts, figures and analysis of the international registration of industrial designs.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/PUB/940/2015

Madrid Yearly Review 2015

International Registrations of Marks

Comprehensive facts, figures and analysis of the international registration of marks.

Publication year: 2015

WIPO/REPORT/IP/INN

The Intersection of Intellectual Property Rights and Innovation Policy Making - A Literature Review

This report (literature review) provides an overview of academic writing on the role IP has played in innovation policy-making over the last two decades.

Publication year: 2015