Statistical Country Profiles



Ghana

Population (Million): 31.73 (2021)

Gross Domestic Product (Billion US$)(Constant 2017 US$ (PPP)): 178.46 (2021)

 

IP Filings (Resident + Abroad, Including Regional) and Economy

Year

Patent

Trademark (class count)

Industrial Design (design count)

GDP (Constant 2017 US$)

2012

 

 

 

118.25

2013

 

 

 

126.89

2014

 

 

 

130.52

2015

 

1,027

 

133.29

2016

116

1,255

482

137.78

2017

21

1,120

735

148.98

2018

15

1,008

797

158.22

2019

 

 

 

168.52

2020

12

1,687

946

169.38

2021

 

 

 

178.46

 

Patent

Patent Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

 

 

3

2013

 

 

21

2014

 

 

5

2015

 

 

 

2016

14

17

102

2017

15

11

6

2018

13

39

2

2019

 

 

5

2020

12

8

 

2021

 

 

1

Patent Grants

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

 

 

 

2013

 

 

 

2014

 

 

1

2015

 

 

19

2016

3

22

 

2017

1

4

 

2018

9

 

1

2019

 

 

1

2020

 

 

 

2021

 

 

1

Patents in Force

Year

Patents in Force

2012

 

2013

 

2014

 

2015

 

2016

25

2017

30

2018

 

2019

 

2020

 

2021

 

Utility Model Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

 

 

 

2013

 

 

 

2014

 

 

 

2015

 

 

 

2016

2

 

 

2017

7

 

 

2018

2

 

 

2019

 

 

 

2020

 

 

 

2021

 

 

1

 

Trademark (class count)

Number of Classes Specified in Trademark Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

 

 

15

2013

 

 

408

2014

 

 

72

2015

883

4,238

144

2016

900

4,627

355

2017

928

4,152

192

2018

833

4,514

175

2019

 

 

496

2020

858

4,490

829

2021

 

 

607

Number of Classes Specified in Trademark Registrations

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

 

 

12

2013

 

 

248

2014

 

 

762

2015

181

5,025

90

2016

150

4,276

17

2017

225

5,636

281

2018

203

4,682

214

2019

 

 

409

2020

313

4,909

534

2021

 

 

404

 

Industrial Design (design count)

Number of Designs in Industrial Design Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

 

 

1

2013

 

 

1

2014

 

 

 

2015

 

 

17

2016

453

156

29

2017

735

266

 

2018

796

92

1

2019

 

 

3

2020

926

128

20

2021

 

 

15

Number of Designs in Industrial Design Registrations

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

 

 

3

2013

 

 

3

2014

 

 

 

2015

 

 

17

2016

 

 

32

2017

 

 

 

2018

 

 

 

2019

 

 

 

2020

922

108

11

2021

 

 

1

 

International Applications via WIPO Administered Treaties

Applications via WIPO Administered Treaties

Year

PCT System

Madrid System

Hague System

2012

 

 

 

2013

2

 

 

2014

 

2

 

2015

1

 

1

2016

2

 

1

2017

 

 

 

2018

 

 

 

2019

 

 

 

2020

 

3

2

2021

1

1

 

PCT National Phase Entry (Direct and via Regional Office)

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

 

 

2

2013

 

 

2

2014

 

 

1

2015

 

 

 

2016

 

17

11

2017

 

 

1

2018

 

26

 

2019

 

 

4

2020

 

8

 

2021

 

 

 

 

PCT Top Applicants

Applicant

2019

2020

2021

 

Madrid Top Applicants

Applicant

2019

2020

2021

Mass Industries Limited

 

 

1

 

Hague Top Applicants

Applicant

2019

2020

2021

 

Source: WIPO statistics database; last updated: 12/2022

• The statistics are based on data collected from IP offices or extracted from WIPO's operational databases. Data might be missing for some years and offices or may be incomplete for some origins. The data relating to population and gross domestic product (GDP) are from the UN Statistics Division and the World Bank.
• A resident filing refers to an application filed in the country by its own resident; whereas a non-resident filing refers to the one filed by a foreign applicant. An abroad filing refers to an application filed by this country's resident at a foreign office.
• Where an office provides total filings without breaking them down into resident and non-resident filings, WIPO divides the total count using the historical share of resident filings at that office.
• IP filings and Economy lists patent, trademark and industrial design filings worldwide by applicants from this country (resident + abroad).
• One application at the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO), the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI), the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP), the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) or the Patent Office of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC Patent Office) is multiplied by the corresponding number of member states ; whereas one application at the European Patent Office (EPO) or the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) is counted as one application abroad if the applicant does not reside in a member state, or as one resident application and one application abroad (two applications) if the applicant resides in a member state, due to lack of information on designations.
• Ghana is a member of the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO). Patent filings by residents of this country at ARIPO are considered both resident and abroad filings via regional office.
• Application class count: The number of classes specified in a trademark application. In the international trademark system and at certain national and regional offices, an applicant can file a trademark application that specifies one or more of the 45 goods and services classes of the Nice Classification. Offices use a single- or multi-class filing system. To capture the differences in application numbers across offices, it is useful to compare their respective application and registration class counts.
• Application design count: The number of designs contained in an industrial design application. Under the Hague System for the International Registration of Industrial Designs, it is possible for an applicant to obtain protection for up to 100 industrial designs for products belonging to one and the same class by filing a single application. Some national or regional IP offices allow applications to contain more than one design for the same product or within the same class, while others allow only one design per application. In order to capture the differences in application numbers across offices, it is useful to compare their respective application and registration design counts.
• Contact information: Department for Economics and Data Analytics, WIPO. Tel.: +41-22-338-91-11, email: ipstats.mail@wipo.int.