Statistical Country Profiles



Finland

Population (Million): 5.54 (2021)

Gross Domestic Product (Billion US$)(Constant 2017 US$ (PPP)): 271.19 (2021)

 

IP Filings (Resident + Abroad, Including Regional) and Economy

Year

Patent

Trademark (class count)

Industrial Design (design count)

GDP (Constant 2017 US$)

2012

13,023

122,927

26,903

248.78

2013

12,717

125,627

32,979

246.54

2014

14,079

127,230

32,548

245.64

2015

13,217

145,294

26,423

246.98

2016

12,580

166,784

 

253.92

2017

12,626

157,865

23,311

262.03

2018

11,572

156,871

21,312

265.02

2019

11,486

163,807

22,558

268.25

2020

12,053

176,990

30,839

262.09

2021

12,822

174,767

25,455

271.19

 

Patent

Patent Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

3,600

129

9,423

2013

3,492

141

9,225

2014

3,615

126

10,464

2015

3,291

127

9,926

2016

3,078

108

9,502

2017

3,218

139

9,408

2018

3,113

100

8,459

2019

3,025

75

8,461

2020

3,483

97

8,570

2021

3,665

105

9,157

Patent Grants

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

1,368

138

5,031

2013

1,304

72

4,879

2014

1,320

100

4,804

2015

1,567

107

5,392

2016

1,790

106

6,196

2017

1,825

111

6,571

2018

2,011

61

6,560

2019

2,075

52

6,617

2020

2,118

49

6,299

2021

1,726

34

5,842

Patents in Force

Year

Patents in Force

2012

46,854

2013

47,058

2014

47,344

2015

48,242

2016

48,588

2017

50,764

2018

52,140

2019

54,501

2020

55,898

2021

56,847

Utility Model Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

444

30

210

2013

444

36

219

2014

417

33

209

2015

409

27

170

2016

419

31

155

2017

486

23

238

2018

370

30

202

2019

286

27

156

2020

296

23

114

2021

240

19

147

 

Trademark (class count)

Number of Classes Specified in Trademark Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

13,602

4,119

109,325

2013

14,022

3,915

111,605

2014

11,634

3,232

115,596

2015

11,589

3,310

133,705

2016

12,736

2,864

154,048

2017

10,942

3,384

146,923

2018

10,485

3,861

146,386

2019

10,695

3,825

153,112

2020

11,870

3,016

165,120

2021

11,389

3,576

163,378

Number of Classes Specified in Trademark Registrations

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

11,307

4,620

98,398

2013

10,138

4,200

100,881

2014

9,277

3,373

102,705

2015

10,703

3,484

119,136

2016

10,032

3,050

125,864

2017

10,536

3,363

153,801

2018

9,297

3,994

132,194

2019

8,992

3,790

136,497

2020

10,160

2,897

147,355

2021

10,501

2,816

161,653

 

Industrial Design (design count)

Number of Designs in Industrial Design Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

1,206

112

25,697

2013

1,442

187

31,537

2014

1,406

74

31,142

2015

1,212

205

25,211

2016

 

 

20,007

2017

990

249

22,321

2018

887

105

20,425

2019

942

178

21,616

2020

1,204

98

29,635

2021

1,056

74

24,399

Number of Designs in Industrial Design Registrations

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

1,123

82

26,334

2013

1,227

170

28,452

2014

1,248

58

28,928

2015

1,029

102

23,652

2016

 

 

21,425

2017

909

335

21,078

2018

918

67

22,402

2019

862

104

20,327

2020

1,163

164

29,441

2021

1,027

81

24,629

 

International Applications via WIPO Administered Treaties

Applications via WIPO Administered Treaties

Year

PCT System

Madrid System

Hague System

2012

2,312

414

18

2013

2,095

430

30

2014

1,811

374

48

2015

1,584

430

33

2016

1,525

537

20

2017

1,603

538

38

2018

1,833

518

26

2019

1,660

467

25

2020

1,679

444

22

2021

1,895

626

35

PCT National Phase Entry (Direct and via Regional Office)

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2012

1,409

42

6,353

2013

1,276

31

5,838

2014

1,466

31

6,547

2015

1,284

40

6,139

2016

1,141

24

6,021

2017

977

27

5,996

2018

1,006

17

5,501

2019

982

18

5,591

2020

1,112

27

5,473

2021

1,237

31

6,071

 

PCT Top Applicants

Applicant

2019

2020

2021

NOKIA TECHNOLOGIES OY

579

618

655

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWORKS OY

167

111

93

STORA ENSO OYJ

49

52

73

KONE CORPORATION

33

29

72

TEKNOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKUS VTT

47

52

49

KEMIRA OYJ

34

46

31

AALTO UNIVERSITY

16

22

24

METSO OUTOTEC FINLAND OY

 

 

23

SANDVIK MINING AND CONSTRUCTION OY

9

18

19

NESTE OY

17

27

18

 

Madrid Top Applicants

Applicant

2019

2020

2021

VEIKKAUS OY

 

3

25

NOKIAN TYRES PLC

10

1

16

MUSTI JA MIRRI OY

 

1

11

OY DUELL BIKE-CENTER AB

 

 

11

ORION CORPORATION

2

7

7

STORA ENSO OYJ

4

4

7

SUPERCELL OY

7

2

7

AHLSTROM-MUNKSJA OYJ

 

 

6

MANAGEMENT EVENTS INTERNATIONAL OY LTD

 

 

6

NESTE OYJ

4

5

6

 

Hague Top Applicants

Applicant

2019

2020

2021

HMD GLOBAL OY

 

6

15

AXOPAR HOLDINGS OY

2

 

13

TURVANASTA OY

 

 

6

ANSTAR OY

 

 

4

ECOFURN FINLAND OY

 

 

2

GENELEC OY

 

 

2

DESITELINE FINLAND OY

 

 

1

KUUSAMON UISTIN OY

 

 

1

MARIMEKKO OY

 

 

1

MARTELA OYJ

3

 

1

 

Source: WIPO statistics database; last updated: 11/2022

• The statistics are based on data collected from IP offices or extracted from WIPO's operational databases. Data might be missing for some years and offices or may be incomplete for some origins. The data relating to population and gross domestic product (GDP) are from the UN Statistics Division and the World Bank.
• A resident filing refers to an application filed in the country by its own resident; whereas a non-resident filing refers to the one filed by a foreign applicant. An abroad filing refers to an application filed by this country's resident at a foreign office.
• Where an office provides total filings without breaking them down into resident and non-resident filings, WIPO divides the total count using the historical share of resident filings at that office.
• IP filings and Economy lists patent, trademark and industrial design filings worldwide by applicants from this country (resident + abroad).
• One application at the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO), the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI), the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP), the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) or the Patent Office of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC Patent Office) is multiplied by the corresponding number of member states ; whereas one application at the European Patent Office (EPO) or the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) is counted as one application abroad if the applicant does not reside in a member state, or as one resident application and one application abroad (two applications) if the applicant resides in a member state, due to lack of information on designations.
• Finland is a member of the European Patent Convention. Patent filings by residents of this country at the European Patent Office (EPO) are considered both resident and abroad filings via regional office.
• Finland is a member of the European Union. Trademark and industrial design filings by residents of this country at the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) are considered both resident and abroad filings via regional office.
• Application class count: The number of classes specified in a trademark application. In the international trademark system and at certain national and regional offices, an applicant can file a trademark application that specifies one or more of the 45 goods and services classes of the Nice Classification. Offices use a single- or multi-class filing system. To capture the differences in application numbers across offices, it is useful to compare their respective application and registration class counts.
• Application design count: The number of designs contained in an industrial design application. Under the Hague System for the International Registration of Industrial Designs, it is possible for an applicant to obtain protection for up to 100 industrial designs for products belonging to one and the same class by filing a single application. Some national or regional IP offices allow applications to contain more than one design for the same product or within the same class, while others allow only one design per application. In order to capture the differences in application numbers across offices, it is useful to compare their respective application and registration design counts.
• Contact information: Department for Economics and Data Analytics, WIPO. Tel.: +41-22-338-91-11, email: ipstats.mail@wipo.int.