Statistical Country Profiles

Finland

Population (Million): 5.52 (2018)

Gross Domestic Product (Billion US$)(Constant 2011 US$ (PPP)): 231.20 (2018)

 

IP Filings (Resident + Abroad, Including Regional) and Economy

Year

Patent

Trademark (class count)

Industrial Design (design count)

GDP (Constant 2011 US$)

2009

11,427

82,719

22,379

207.51

2010

13,049

99,257

20,665

213.72

2011

11,702

112,240

21,764

219.21

2012

12,940

123,223

26,905

216.09

2013

12,709

125,799

32,975

214.45

2014

14,070

127,244

32,544

213.09

2015

13,191

145,294

26,423

214.16

2016

12,566

166,847

 

220.10

2017

12,627

157,856

23,309

225.94

2018

11,572

156,919

21,310

231.20

 

Patent

Patent Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2009

3,253

127

8,174

2010

3,370

102

9,679

2011

3,221

124

8,481

2012

3,600

129

9,340

2013

3,492

141

9,217

2014

3,615

126

10,455

2015

3,291

127

9,900

2016

3,078

108

9,488

2017

3,218

139

9,409

2018

3,113

100

8,459

Patent Grants

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2009

1,383

334

4,471

2010

1,401

201

5,048

2011

1,305

123

4,556

2012

1,368

138

4,988

2013

1,304

72

4,877

2014

1,320

100

4,791

2015

1,567

107

5,390

2016

1,790

106

6,195

2017

1,825

111

6,567

2018

2,011

61

6,560

Patents in Force

Year

Patent in force

2009

47,294

2010

46,622

2011

47,122

2012

46,854

2013

47,058

2014

47,344

2015

48,242

2016

48,588

2017

50,764

2018

52,140

Utility Model Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2009

449

26

98

2010

528

29

140

2011

458

23

135

2012

444

30

210

2013

444

36

219

2014

417

33

209

2015

409

27

170

2016

419

31

155

2017

486

23

238

2018

370

30

202

 

Trademark (class count)

Number of Classes Specified in Trademark Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2009

12,136

4,760

70,583

2010

12,877

4,341

86,380

2011

13,868

4,504

98,372

2012

13,602

4,119

109,621

2013

14,022

3,915

111,777

2014

11,634

3,232

115,610

2015

11,589

3,310

133,705

2016

12,736

2,860

154,111

2017

10,942

3,384

146,914

2018

10,485

3,873

146,434

Number of Classes Specified in Trademark Registrations

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2009

10,155

6,218

65,340

2010

10,059

4,547

89,141

2011

11,127

4,572

88,679

2012

11,307

4,643

98,400

2013

10,138

4,216

100,901

2014

9,277

3,388

102,705

2015

10,703

3,507

119,152

2016

10,032

3,070

125,853

2017

10,536

3,377

153,843

2018

9,297

3,995

132,249

 

Industrial Design (design count)

Number of Designs in Industrial Design Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2009

1,088

29

21,291

2010

962

76

19,703

2011

1,015

56

20,749

2012

1,206

112

25,699

2013

1,442

187

31,533

2014

1,406

74

31,138

2015

1,212

205

25,211

2016

 

 

20,006

2017

990

249

22,319

2018

887

105

20,423

Number of Designs in Industrial Design Registrations

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2009

1,036

28

24,381

2010

909

53

20,593

2011

1,034

83

21,118

2012

1,123

82

26,340

2013

1,227

170

28,452

2014

1,248

58

28,928

2015

1,029

102

23,652

2016

 

 

21,424

2017

909

335

21,078

2018

918

67

22,395

 

International Applications via WIPO Administered Treaties

Applications Under the WIPO Systems

Year

PCT

Madrid

Hague

2009

2,123

352

14

2010

2,136

358

23

2011

2,075

313

15

2012

2,312

414

18

2013

2,095

431

30

2014

1,811

375

48

2015

1,584

430

33

2016

1,525

537

20

2017

1,601

542

38

2018

1,836

528

26

PCT National Phase Entry (Direct and via Regional Office)

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2009

4

42

5,387

2010

6

47

6,737

2011

 

 

5,601

2012

5

42

6,273

2013

7

31

5,830

2014

10

31

6,538

2015

3

40

6,115

2016

3

24

6,007

2017

5

27

5,997

2018

7

17

5,501

 

PCT Top Applicants

PCT Applicant

2016

2017

2018

NOKIA TECHNOLOGIES OY

306

315

551

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWORKS OY

321

263

178

KONE CORPORATION

41

49

51

KEMIRA OYJ

20

40

45

OUTOTEC (FINLAND) OY

63

72

44

STORA ENSO OYJ

33

45

36

TEKNOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKUS VTT

38

42

36

WARTSILA FINLAND OY

45

52

33

NESTE OY

4

3

21

AALTO UNIVERSITY

12

11

20

 

Madrid Top Applicants

Madrid Applicant

2016

2017

2018

TEKNOS GROUP OY

21

6

16

NESTE OYJ

2

16

8

VALIO LTD

18

6

8

BANG & BONSOMER GROUP OY

 

 

7

SPECTRAL ENGINES OY

 

1

7

ILOQ OY

 

 

6

LYMPHATOUCH INC.

 

 

6

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWORKS OY

7

12

6

ORKLA CONFECTIONERY & SNACKS FINLAND AB

 

 

6

HINTSA PERFORMANCE OY

 

 

5

 

Hague Top Applicants

Hague Applicant

2016

2017

2018

FISKARS FINLAND OY AB

 

 

29

TURVANASTA OY

 

 

21

OY PREVEX AB

 

2

5

METSA TISSUE OYJ

2

7

4

OURA HEALTH OY

 

 

4

HMD GLOBAL OY

 

2

3

FRAMERY OY

 

3

2

LM-INSTRUMENTS OY

 

 

2

AVANTOPOOL OY

 

 

1

INNON OY

 

 

1

 

Source: WIPO statistics database. Last updated: 10/2019

• The statistics are based on data collected from IP offices or extracted from WIPO's operational databases. Data might be missing for some years and offices or may be incomplete for some origins. The data relating to population and gross domestic product (GDP) are from the UN Statistics Division and the World Bank.
• A resident filing refers to an application filed in the country by its own resident; whereas a non-resident filing refers to the one filed by a foreign applicant. An abroad filing refers to an application filed by this country's resident at a foreign office.
• Where an office provides total filings without breaking them down into resident and non-resident filings, WIPO divides the total count using the historical share of resident filings at that office.
• IP filings and Economy lists patent, trademark and industrial design filings worldwide by applicants from this country (resident + abroad).
• One filing at the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO), the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI), the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP) or the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) is treated as equavalent of multiple abroad filings at each member state; whereas one filing at the European Patent Office (EPO) or the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) is counted as one abroad filing due to lack of information on designation.
• Finland is a member of the European Patent Convention from 1996. Patent filings by residents of this country at the European Patent Office (EPO) are considered both resident and abroad filings via regional office.
• Finland is a member of the European Union. Trademark and industrial design filings by residents of this country at the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) are considered both resident and abroad filings via regional office.
• Application class count: The number of classes specified in a trademark application. In the international trademark system and at certain national and regional offices, an applicant can file a trademark application that specifies one or more of the 45 goods and services classes of the Nice Classification. Offices use a single- or multi-class filing system. For example, the offices of Japan, the Republic of Korea and the United States of America (US) as well as many European IP offices have multi-class filing systems. The offices of Brazil, Malaysia and Mexico follow a single-class filing system, requiring a separate application for each class in which an applicant seeks trademark protection. To capture the differences in application numbers across offices, it is useful to compare their respective application and registration class counts.
• Application design count: The number of designs contained in an industrial design application. Under the Hague System for the International Registration of Industrial Designs, it is possible for an applicant to obtain protection for up to 100 industrial designs for products belonging to one and the same class by filing a single application. Some national or regional IP offices allow applications to contain more than one design for the same product or within the same class, while others allow only one design per application. In order to capture the differences in application numbers across offices, it is useful to compare their respective application and registration design counts.
• Contact information: Economics and Statistics Division, WIPO. Tel.: +41-22-338-91-11, email: Ipstats.mail@wipo.int.